George,
To make sure we are talking about the same graphs lets look at a small set of data. I have
and I drew what I would call a broken line graph and a histogram to represent the data.
In my mind the main difference is in what you are trying to emphasize. The brokenline graph shows the shape of the relationship between the X and Y values, the shape of the curve. The histogram emphasizes the area shaded in the histogram. Histograms are almost exclusively used in data analysis or statistics where you are representation some data set and you want to easily see some proportions or probabilities.
For example you may have a dresser with 4 drawers numbered 1, 2, 3 and 4 (the Xvalues). In these drawers there are 7 shirts, 1 in drawer 1, 3 in drawer 2, 1 in drawer 3 and 2 in drawer 4 (the Yvalues). From the histogram I can see easily that more than half of your shirt are in the first two drawers. In the brokenline graph I see the Yvalues and have to add them but in the histogram I see the area in the first two bars is more than half the area.
For your second question, whenever we have an array we mention the rows first then the columns. For example see the answer to a previous question.
Penny
