Quandaries and Queries
1. Increasing area
of a field: Julia's soybean field is 3m longer than it is wide. To
increase her production, she plans to increase her to increase both the
length and width by 2m. If the new field is 46m2(2nd power) larger
than the old field, then what are the dimensions of the old field?
3. Fencing dog pens Clint is constructing two adjacent rectangular
dog pens. Each pen will be three times as long as it is wide, and the
pens will share a common long side. If Clint has 65 ft of fencing, what
are the dimensions of each pen?
All three of these problems involve drawing a diagram, labeling the appropriate quantities, using the diagram to develop an equation and then solving the equation. I'll do the first on and then your child can do the other two.
The diagram for the first problem includes the original field as well as the extended field.
I called the width of Julia's soybean field W meters and then its length is W + 3 meters since it is 3 meters longer than it is wide. She is going to add an additional 2 meters in length and an additional 2 meters in width so I drew these strips also.
The area of the original field is
and the area of the extended field is
You know that the extended field is 46 square meters larger than the original field so
Solve for W.