Quandaries
and Queries 

Who is asking: Parent Level: Secondary Question: 

Hi Angela, By a "six digit answer" I expect you mean something like or Think about constructing such an answer. You have six positions to fill, starting from the left and working right. For the first position you can choose any of the four symbols, hence there are four, "one digit answers".
Now add a second digit. Each of the four "one digit answers" can be extended to a "two digit answer" in four ways. For example the first "one digit answer" can be extended to the four "two digit answers",
In a similar way each of the "one digit answers" can be extended to four, "two digit answers". Hence there are
possible "two digit answers". In a similar way each of the 4^{2} "two digit answers" can be extended to four "three digit answers", and hence there are
possible "three digit answers". You can complete the construction to see how many possible "six digit answers" there are. Penny 

