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I want to determine the distance from A to E, what I have called x inches in the diagram. Triangles ACD and ABE are similar so
Solving this equation for x gives x = 6 inches. Thus your pattern will be cut from a sector of a circle of radius 18 + 6 = 24 inches.
The length of the arc QR is the circumference of the circle at the base of the cone in the first diagram. The circumference of a circle is 2 r and the radius of the circle at the base of the cone is 12 inches so the length of the arc QR is 24 inches. This arc is a portion of the circumference of the circle with centre P and radius 24 inches. The circumference of this circle is 2 r which is 48 inches. Hence the arc QR is half circumference of the circle and thus the angle RPQ is 180 degrees. So, here is the pattern
Cut out a semicircle of radius 24 inches and then remove a concentric circle of radius 6 inches. If you have access to a digital camera, send us a photo of the completed project.  


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