Subject: Induction
Name: John
Who are you: Parent

Hi I am a parent of 19 year son that can't figure this question out. If I could get the formula and maybe how to start it off I would be able to do it but I'm not sure on the formula.
Find a formula for

by examining the values of this expression for small values of n. Use mathematical
induction to prove your result.



You might first look at the typical term 1/n(n+2) and think about rewriting it in terms of 1/n and 1/(n+2); for example

 1/1x3  = ( 1/2)( 1/11/3),

1/2x4  = ( 1/2)( 1/21/4), etc.


John wrote back.


I still don't quiet understand this question you answered for me. The answer you gave me for the formula is the same formula that as in the question and according to my son you can't have the same formula, it can be similar but not the same. So if you could help me out and figure this question out for me I would greatly appreciate it alot.



Using the technique I hinted at above you can develop an expression for the sum 1/(1x3)+1/(2x4)+1/(3x5)...+1/(n(n+2)). For example if n = 5

= 1/2(1/1 - 1/3) + 1/2(1/2 - 1/4) + 1/2(1/3 - 1/5)
+ 1/2(1/4 - 1/6) + 1/2(1/5 - 1/7)

If you examine this expression you will see there is some cancellation and the expression reduces to

= 1/2(1/1 + 1/2 - 1/6 - 1/7)

Apply this same logic to 1/(1x3)+1/(2x4)+1/(3x5)...+1/(n(n+2)) in order to find an expression for the sum.