



 
Hi Nicholas, The water is flowing in and out of the barrel at a constant rate but the amount of salt leaving the barrel is not constant, the rate depends on the amount of salt remaining in the solution. If S = S(t) is number of kilograms in the barrel at time t minutes then I think a reasonable assumption is that the rate of change of S is proportional to S. That is there is a positive constant k so that
This means that
for some constant A. You know S(0) and this will allow you to evaluate A. Also the problem has enough information to evaluate dS/dt at time t = 0 minutes. This will allow you to find k. Let me know if you have difficulties completing the problem. Harley Nicholas wrote back After going through the explanation given by Harley, I am able to get the answer but I don't really actually follow what I'm doing. Nicholas, The water is flowing at 0.4 L/min not the salt. The amount of salt S(t) is in kilograms. What I know is that at time t = 0 minutes there are 2 kilograms of salt in 20 liters of water and the water is flowing at 0.2 L/min. In 20 liters of water there are 2 kilograms of salt and hence 0.2 liters of water will contain 0.02 kilograms of salt. Thus at time t = 0 minutes dS/dt = 0.02 Kg/L. Does this help?  


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