



 
Hi Imaiya, We're glad to help! It's always encouraging to hear that our site is useful for people and if you have ideas or suggestions for the site, let us know by emailing us at . Now on to your question: Each digit represents another power of the base. So think about base 10 numbers. Reading leftwards from the decimal, we have places that represent 10^{0}, 10^{1}, 10^{2}, 10^{3}, etc. You can see that 2007 is composed of 2 x 10^{3 }+ 0 x 10^{2 }+ 0 x 10^{1 }+ 7 x 10^{0}. Now let's think about base 8. If I have the base 8 number 370_{8} (we use a subscript after a number to show that it is to be interpreted in that base rather than the normal base 10) then I know that the places (again leftwards from the decimal) denote 8^{0}, 8^{1}, 8^{2}, etc. So 370_{8 }= 3 x 8^{2} + 7 x 8^{1} + 0 x 8^{0}. When we multiply numbers in other bases, we can do it two ways: First method: Convert both numbers to base 10, multiply them normally, then convert that back to the desired base. This is usually preferable when multiplying numbers of different bases. Here's an example: multiply 455_{6} by 705_{9} and express the product in base 4.
Second method: Build a times table for the base you are using. This only works if the two factors are the same base. For example, your first question was to solve 34_{5} x 42_{5}:
Now multiply it as you would with base 10, but using this times table. Remember to use base 5 when carrying as well: So the answer is 3133_{5}. I hope this helps,  


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