



 
Hi Anita, There are 2.54 centimeters in an inch so you are converting the units from inches to centimeters. To find the average of a set of n heights you add them and them and then divide by n. If you multiply each height by 2.54 before you add them then the new sum will be 2.54 times the old sum and hence the new average will be 2.54 times the old average or 2.54 × 74 centimeters. What about the variance? The standard deviation of the heights in inches is 4 inches so the variance is 4^{2} = 16 inches squared. To calculate the variance you take each player's height, subtract the average, add them up and divide by n  1. Thus for the heights in inches you found (height  74)^{2}, added them and divided by n  1. When you convert to centimeters you have to find (2.54 × height  2.54 × 74)^{2}, add these and divide by n  1. But
Now when you add these and divide by n  1 you see that the new variance is 2.54^{2} times the old variance. I hope this helps,  


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