



 
Hi Kenneth, In the expression P + rP the letter P stands for principal, the amount you have at the beginning of the year and r is the interest rate. Thus the expression P + rP says that at the end of the year you have the amount you had at the beginning of the year, plus the interest rate times the amount you had at the beginning of the year. Hence at the beginning of year 2 you had P + rP and thus at the end of year 2 you have (P + rP) + r(P + rP). At the beginning of year 3 you have (P + rP) + r(P + rP) so what do you have at the end of year 3? There definitely is a pattern developing and a little algebra makes the pattern clear. First of all P + rP has a common factor of P so I can write
Hence at the end of year 2 you have
which has a common factor of (1 + r)P so at the end of the second year you have
What do you have at the end of the third year? Penny  


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