



 
Mike, You will have to cut edges so that the cut meets one edge at an angle of 67.5 degrees As for length, if it is 18.25" round it will be 5.8" across (similar to a cereal bowl)  is this what you mean? The radius R would be 2.9" and the inner edge would be given by 2R tan(22.5 degrees) which is 0.828 R or 2.4 inches (that's about 2 and 13/32 inches if you work in binary inches like most North American carpenters.)
But this frame will look cramped, and there will be gaps near the corners. I would urge you to "mat" the photograph in a card mat  circular on the inside, octagonal on the outside  at least 2 inches wide. A 2" increase in radius would give a centertocorner measurement of 4.9" and an inner edge of about 4 and 1/16 inches. If I have misunderstood your initial measurements, or you want a different size of mat, you can follow these calculations to get the size you need. Good Hunting!
 


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