



 
Hi Lorraine, The original fraction is $\large \frac{x}{y}.$ Look at the second sentence.
The numerator of the new fraction is the square of the original numerator and the denominator is 2 less than the original denominator. This new fraction is equal to 1 so the numerator and denominator are equal. This gives you one of the two simultaneous equations. The first sentence tells you how to manipulate the original equation to obtain one with a value of $\large \frac1{2},$ that is a fraction where the denominator is twice the numerator. This gives you a second simultaneous equation. Make sure you verify your answer. Penny  


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