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 Question from Chris, a parent: We have a square piece of wood (30 inches x 30 inches) that we need to cut into an octagon. Is there a simple way to figure out where to make the marks/points to cut? I mean like really simple? Thanks!

Hi Chris,

If you cut a triangle off each corner to form a regular octagon then my diagram would be

You don't know the lengths $x$ or $y$ but you do know that $x + y + x = 30$ inches.

The key step here is Pythagoras' Theorem. The triangle $ABC$ is a right triangle so Pythagoras' Theorem saya that the length of the side $BC$, $|BC|$ is given by

$|BC|^2 = |CA|^2 + |AB|^2 = x^2 + x^2 = 2x^2.$

But $|BC| = y$ so, since $x + y + x = 30$ we know that

$x + \sqrt{2 x^2} + x = 30 \mbox{ or } x + \sqrt{2} x + x = 30$

or

$x = \frac{30}{2 + \sqrt{2}} = 8.79 \mbox{ inches.}$

I hope this helps,
Penny

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