Hi! My name is Kerstin. I am in Grade 12 and I am stuck on a problem dealing with Geometry. If you could show me how to get through this problem that would be wonderful! The question is:

"An isoceles triangle has sides measuring 13 cm, 13 cm, and 10 cm. Find the distance from the centroid to the vertex of a base angle."

Thank-you so much!

Hi Kerstin,

You can procede in one of two ways.

  • If you know that the centroid of a triangle is on each of the medians, two-thirds of the way from the vertex to the middle of the opposite side, then, in the diagram, |PR| = 13/3 and |OP| = 5. Since triangle OSQ is isoceles, it follows that angle ORQ is a right angle. Thus you can use the theorem of Pythagoras to find |OP|.

  • Otherwise put a coordinate system on the plane with the origin at O, S at (10,0) and Q at (5,13). Find the coordinates of M, the midpoint of the line segment SQ. Find the coordinates of P, the point where the line joining O to M intersects the line segment joining Q and R. Calculate the distance from O to P.

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