|Origin:||Blackfoot Nation in Montana|
|History:||The Blackfoot are typical of the Plains Indians in many aspects of their culture. They were nomadic hunter-gatherers, who lived in tepees. Their games were simplified for reasons of travel; the dice used were portable and the point system was memorized.|
|Original Materials:||4 bones (buffalo ribs); counting sticks|
|Adapted Materials:||4 popsicle sticks- dice; 12 toothpicks- counting sticks|
|Players:||2 players or teams|
|Setup:||Decorate one side of the 4 sticks with red or black pens as shown.|
|To Play:||Hold the 4 stick dice in 1 hand and drop them to the ground. One player keeps tossing until they toss a 0 point value.|
|To Score:||Certain patterns correspond to point values. Players take the tally sticks first from the pile then from each other. The object is to earn all 12 tally sticks.|
|Math Content:||Probability, patterns and relations, data management.
|Source:||Carlson L. (1994). More Than Moccasins, Chicago Il: Chicago Review Press.