Conduct probability experiments to demonstrate that results are not influenced by such factors as the age, experiences or skills of the participant.

Problem

Both Team A and Team B have 3 players. Each player gets to roll a die for his/her team, summing the values rolled. If the teams use the same die, and the teams are of the same size, which team will win? Why?

Manipulative

Materials: paper bag, color tiles

Place 5 red and 5 yellow tiles in a bag.

Work with a partner.

The oldest person gets to go first. Take turns drawing tiles. Draw until the bag is empty.

How many red tiles did the oldest person get?

Repeat this activity several times. Keep track of how many red tiles each person draws each time.

Do each of you draw the same number of red tiles each time? Why not?

Repeat the same activity, but pair a boy with a girl. Do the players get the same number of red tiles each time? Why or why not?

Game

Materials: regular deck of cards.

Shuffle the cards well before playing this game.

This is a game for 2 or more players.

Each player takes a turn flipping over the top card on the deck. If you turn over a "Jack" you drop out of the game. The last person in the game wins.

If you run out of cards before a winner is found, simply shuffle the cards to make a new deck, and continue playing as before.