Bieniek, D. (1997). One Minute Challenges, Math and Reasoning. U.S.A.: Troll Communications L.L.C.

Bolt, B. (1982). Mathematical Activities. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Cathcart, W. G., Pothier, Y., James, H. (1997). Learning Mathematics in Elementary and Middle Schools, Second Edition. Scarborough, Ontario: Prentice Hall Allyn and Bacon Canada.

Cornelius, M. and Parr, M. (1991). What's Your Game. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Rice, S., Hardesty, L., and Fannin, B. (1979). Time Out for Math. Nashville: Incentive Publications.

Saskatchewan Education. (1997). The Evergreen Curriculum. Regina, SK: Saskatchewan Education.

Schiro, M. (1978). 33 Arithmetic Skill Development Games. Belmont, California: Fearon, Pitman Publishers.


Ideas for a number of activities came from a magazine called "The Arithmetic Teacher", the official journal of the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics.

Specific magazines used for these activities were:

December 1977 - Volume 25, Number 3

March 1981 - Volume 28, Number 7

March 1980 - Volume 27, Number 7

October, 1984 - Volume 32, Number 2

April, 1993 - Volume 40, Number 8