







f(x) + f ''''(x)=0 
20130305 

From Andreea: Hei. I don’t speak lot of english but here is my question,hope u understand: f(x) + f ````(x)=0. so, my question. what is f(x), where f ````(x) is f(x) derivative by four time ? i tried to find the answer and i knew f(x) is something like that f(x)=e^x*sinx but miss something. Answered by Brennan Yaremko. 





Notation for the second derivative 
20120206 

From Shafira: In all math textbooks, it is written that d/dx ( d/dx) (y)= d2y/dx2. Why do they write it as d2y/dx2, not as d2y/d2x2? Answered by Robert Dawson. 





The rate of change of y with respect to x 
20100429 

From Tom: I just had a quick calc question about wording that wasn't ever
addressed in class. When the book says "the rate of change of y with
respect to x", should it be considered how fast y is changing in
comparison to x?
I ask because the textbook says that "y is changing 3 times faster than x,
so the rate of change of y with respect to x is 3." I'm use to rate being
like velocity, as in units of distance per units of time. All we're told
in class is that it's the slope of the tangent line, I was hoping you
could clarify for me what exactly is meant by the wording of a "rate of
change of something with respect to something else". More specifically, what
"rate" and "with respect to" mean within this context?
Thanks for your time Answered by Harley Weston. 





Painting a dome 
20091030 

From Jessica: A hemispherical dome with a radius of 50 ft will be given a coat of paint .01 inch thick.
The Contractor for the job wants to estimate the number of gallons of paint needed.
Use a differential to obtain an estimate (231 cubic inches/gallon) HINT: Approximate the change
in volume of hemisphere corresponding to increase of .01 inch in the radius. Answered by Robert Dawson. 





Separating variables 
20081104 

From Terry: by separating variables solve the initial value problem
(x+1)y' + y = 0 y(0) = 1 Answered by Harley Weston. 





A series solution of y' = xy 
20080703 

From sasha: I've to find the power series solution of the differential equation: y' = xy.
I don't know how to find the recursive equation. Can you please help me. Thanks Answered by Harley Weston. 





The rate of change of the concentration of a solution 
20071030 

From Nicholas: A barrel initially has two kg of salt dissolved in twenty liters of water. If water flows in the rate of 0.4 liters per minute and the wellmixed salt water solution flow out at the same rate, how much salt is present after 8 minutes?
I tried working backwards given the answer but I can't seen to get their answer of ~1.7kg. Any help would be great! Thanks Answered by Harley Weston. 





Solve y'' + y = 0 
20070728 

From Shihya: How do you solve y’’ + y = 0 Answered by Stephen La Rocque and Harley Weston. 





What is the intensity 5m below the surface? 
20070331 

From david: I have this question which I am supposed to set it up and solve as a differential equation. I know how to solve the diffrential equation but I am having hard time understanding this question. Here is the question: The intensity of light in the ocean decreases the deeper you dive. In fact, the rate at which the intensity decreases is proportional to the current intensity. Setup the corresponding differential equation and solve for I(Y), the intensity I as a function of current intensity Y. If the light intensity 2m below the surface is 25% of the intensity at the surface, what is the intensity 5m below the surface. Can you please explain to me what does it mean by current intensity and how do I set this equation up. Thanks for the help. Answered by Penny Nom. 





The period of a simple pendulum 
20070310 

From Melissa: The period of a simple pendulum of length L feet is given by: T=2pi(sqrt(L/g))seconds. It is assumed that g, the acceleration due to gravity on the surface of the earth, is 32 feet per second per second. If the pendulum is a clock that keeps good time when L=4 feet, how much time will the clock gain in 24 hours if the length of the pendulum is decreased to 3.97 feet? (Use differentials and evaluate the necessary derivative at L=4 feet.) Answer is in seconds. Melissa Answered by Penny Nom. 





U'(X)  U(X) = 0; U(0) = 2 
20050923 

From David: Out of interest could you please answer the following questions?
U'(X)  U(X) = 0; U(0) = 2
and
U''(X)  U'(X) = 0; U'(0) = U(0) = 2
Answered by Harley Weston. 





An ODE 
20041110 

From David: I have a question that i really cant do, it is as follows:
The ODE dy/dx + 0.5y = 0.5e^(1.5x) ; y(5) = 2
Solve the ODE subject to the given condition using exact methods and evaluate the solution y for x = 5 x=5.2 x=5.4 x=5.6 x=5.8 x=6 Answered by Harley Weston. 





The integrating factor method 
20040805 

From A student: Whilst using the integrating factor method, I am required to integrate a function multipled by another function.
say f(t) = exp(kt) and some other function g(t); where exp = exponential and k is some constant.
Integral f(t)*g(t) dt or
Integral exp(kt)*g(t) dt
What would the result of this integral be? I have never met an integral like this before. Would it simply be exp(kt)*g(t)/k?
More specifically, the problem and my attempted answer is in PDF format:
In my attempted solution, I am unsure about the last two lines I have written out, as it relates to integrating a function multipled by another function. Answered by Harley Weston. 





Undetermined coefficients 
20011122 

From Hoda: The equation is: y"  2y' + y = t e^{t} + 4 We need to use The method of Undetermined coefficients. I have tried assuming that the solution is Ate^{t}+Be^{t}+C, but all I get is C=4 and I tried (At^{2}+Bt+C)e^{t}+D, but again I get 0=0 when I calculate the first and second derivatives, so i get no information on the constants. Any suggestions? Answered by Harley Weston. 





Airflow in windpipes 
20010325 

From Ena: The volume of air flowing in windpipes is given by V=kpR^{4}, where k is a constant, p is the pressure difference at each end, R is the radius. The radius will decrease with increased pressure, according to the formula: Ro  R = cp, where Ro is the windpipe radius when p=0 & c is a positive constant. R is restricted such that: 0 < 0.5*Ro < R < Ro, find the factor by which the radius of the windpipe contracts to give maximum flow? Answered by Harley Weston. 





A mixture problem 
20000306 

From Rebecca Edwards: A tank in which cholocate milk is being mixed contains a mixture of 460 liters of milk and 40 liters of chocolate syrup initially. Syrup and milk are then added to the tank at the rate of 2 liters per minute of syrup and 8 liters of milk per minute. Simultaneously the mixture is withdrawn at the rate of 10 liters per minute. Find the function giving the amount of syrup in the tank at time t. Answered by Harley Weston. 





Two derivatives 
19991116 

From Gina Renicker: The derivative of: y=e^{(xlnx)} and y=x^{2arctan(x1/2)} Answered by Harley Weston. 

