







Finite and infinite sets 
20190610 

From Pretzie: What is Finite Set & Infinite Set? Answered by Penny Nom. 





A geometric series 
20180313 

From nathi: Hi I am really struggling with this question please help !!!!
a pohutukawa tree is 86 centimetres when it is planted. in the first year after it is planted , the tree grows 42 centimetres in height.Each year the tree grows in height by 95% of the growth of the previous year.
assume that the growth in height of the pohutukawa tree can be modelled by a geometric sequence.
A)find the height of the tree 5 years after it is planted and figure out the maximum height the pohutukawa tree is expected to reach in centimetres.
The maximum height part is not answered. Answered by Penny Nom. 





Is infinite a number? 
20170318 

From Divyansh: Is infinite a number? If yes why as i think that numbers are used for counting but infinite is undeterminable? Answered by Penny Nom. 





The integral of a sum 
20160310 

From Rahul: How to solve definite integral of a sum. The specific problem is as follows,
Integral of ( 1+ sum of x^k, k=1 to k=n), x=0 to x=b *dx.
The answer is b + sum of b^(k)/k, k=2, to k=n+1. I understand only the integral
of first term. But integral of the sum I do not understand at all. Answered by Penny Nom. 





An infinite geometric series 
20131224 

From Muhammad: The sum of an infinite geometric series is 15 and the sum of their squares is 45. Find the series Answered by Penny Nom. 





What is the smallest number? (i.e. the closest number to zero) 
20130722 

From Charlie: What is the smallest number? (i.e. the closest number to zero) Answered by Harley Weston. 





We can't write sinx and cosx as a finite polynomial. 
20130331 

From rimoshika: prove that we can't write sinx and cosx as a finite polynomial. Answered by Walter Whiteley. 





1+2+4+8....= 1 
20120402 

From Andy: In this minutephysics video, it's claimed that 1+2+4+8....= 1
Is this true, and if so, how?
< href="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kIq5CZlg8Rg">http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kIq5CZlg8Rg Answered by Robert Dawson. 





The sum of a series 
20111107 

From Rattanjeet: Find the sum of 1(1/2) + 2(1/4) + 3(1/6) + 4(1/6)(3/4) + 5(1/6)(3/4)2 + 6(1/6)(3/4)3+ ... where 1/6 + (1/6)(3/4) + (1/6)(3/4)2 + ... constitutes a geometric series. Answered by Penny Nom. 





Infinite Logarithmic Series 
20110808 

From Sourik: Dear Expert,
In my Amithabha Mitra and Shambhunath Ganguly's "A Text Book of Mathematics" I found the formula of log (1+x) where the base is e and x lies in between 1 and +1.As I want to learn Mathematics,I am not satisfied with the mere statement of the formula.Please help giving me the full proof.
Thanking you,
Sourik Answered by Robert Dawson. 





The number of points on a line is equivalent to that of a surface 
20110324 

From Gary: I I was reading about how the number of points on a line is equivalent to that of a surface. This was done by taking any point on a line then taking alternating digits and making them as points on an x and y axis therefore points on a surface.The problem is as i see it if you just take a line then hold it over a surface you have just put the points on the line in a one to one correspondence with the points directly under it on the surface.Now you have all the rest of the surface which cannot be mapped onto the line since it is already used up.What am i missing? Answered by Penny Nom. 





1/0 and 2/0 
20110211 

From Dixit: How are the infinite number obtained by dividing 1 / 0 and 2 / 0 are different? Answered by Penny Nom. 





Cardinality of infinite sets 
20090901 

From Brian: I was reading an answer to a question on your site regarding infinite sets (http://mathcentral.uregina.ca/QQ/database/QQ.09.01/carlos1.html), and I think they may have got the answer wrong.
I his example, he claims that the set of real numbers BETWEEN 0 AND 1 is larger than the set of positive integers.
Please correct me if I am wrong, but I believe those two sets are  pardon the expression  equally infinite. For any integer, there is a corresponding real number between 0 and 1, and vice versa.
For instance, using the decimal as a "mirror", you can create a mirror image of any real number between 0 and 1 as an integer (i.e. 0.1234 gets mirrored as the integer 4321  I could write it out algebraically, if you want, but you get my point)
Am I wrong?
Thanks,
Brian Answered by Victoria West. 





An infinite set 
20090807 

From Islam: How can I prove that the set of all odd natural numbers is an infinite set. Thank you. Answered by Robert Dawson. 





Torricelli's trumpet 
20090729 

From Gary: I was reading about torricelli's trumpet which is described by the equation1/x which is then rotated around the x axis which results in a figure which looks like a trumpet. Now in order to find the volume the integral 1/x^2 dx is used which diverges when integrated so the volume is finite.However if you integrate 1/x dx which is the formula on the plane the answer diverges. Now if you took an infinite area then rotated it around the x axis shouldn't you get an infinite volume? Notice the area I am talking about is under the line 1/x not the surface area of the trumpet which is what the painters paradox is about What am I missing? Thanks Answered by Robert Dawson. 





InfiniteDimensional Spaces 
20090626 

From Justin: Hello again, I was also just wondering (in Hilbert Space and Function Space) are there infinitedimensional spaces larger than each other in terms of cardinality? Thanks a lot for your help again!
All the Best,
Justin Answered by Victoria West. 





Prove that the set of all positive odd integers is an infinite set 
20090620 

From Nazrul: How can I prove that the set of all positive odd integers is an infinite set.
Thank you in advance. Answered by Victoria West. 





Omega 1 
20090603 

From Justin: Hello there, I was just wondering if the infinity in the extended
real number system is the same as w1 (or Omega 1, the order
structure of the real numbers) in the transfinite ordinals? Thanks
so much for your help with this question, I really appreciate it!
Sincerely,
Justin Answered by Robert Dawson and Harley Weston. 





An infinite number of solutions 
20090324 

From Sean: this is a linear equations problem;
first:
3535.5 + Fbd (.866) + Fbc (.5)  Fab (.5) = 0
and
3535.5  Fab (.866)  Fbc (.5)  Fbd (.5) = 0 Answered by Harley Weston. 





A definite integral 
20090209 

From Mathata: Evaluate: integral from 0 to 1, x^2 e^x^3dx Answered by Harley Weston. 





An integral from 1 to infinity 
20090124 

From Ray: Determine the area bounded by the xaxis and the curve y=1/(x^2) from x=1 to x=infinity.
A. 1.00
B. infinity
C. indeterminate
D. 2.00 Answered by Harley Weston. 





The integral of f(x)dx and the integral of f(x4)dx 
20090102 

From Katie: Calculus:
If the definite integral from 2 to 6 of f(x)dx=10 and the definite integral from 2 to 6 of f(x)dx=3, then the definite integral from 2 to 6 of f(x4)dx= ?
I don't understand how to solve definite integrals when the function has something more than just x inside the parenthesis such as f(4x). Answered by Robert Dawson. 





0.151515...=15/99 
20080908 

From Emma: This week, my Algebra teacher told us about the pattern between infinitely repeating
decimals and their corresponding fractions.
(ex. .2222222...= 2/9, .151515...=15/99, 456456456...=456/999, etc.)
I was just wondering the reason why this pattern occurs.
Is there a certain element that causes this pattern to occur?
Thanks
Emma Answered by Penny Nom. 





algebra 
20080731 

From Eric: Would you please solve & explain this equation to me: x^2+2x=x(x+2)?
Thank you Answered by Penny Nom & Stephen La Rocque. 





The mean and variance 
20080605 

From Donny: An investment will be worth $1,000, $2,000, or $5,000 at the end of the
year. The probabilities of these values are .25, .60, and .15, respectively.
Determine the mean and variance of the worth of the investment. Answered by Harley Weston. 





33+33+3.........up to infinite terms = ? 
20080425 

From Jatin: 33+33+3.........up to infinite terms = ? Answered by Stephen La Rocque. 





Two equations in two unknowns 
20070922 

From Mary: Having problems doing this problem, looking for a solution with the work. I would like to see how you got your answer, to see what I was doing wrong.
solve using the substitution method, is there "no solution" or "infinitely many solutions"
4x+y=4
2x+8y=0 Answered by Stephen La Rocque and Leeanne Boehm. 





More on the cardinality of sets 
20070727 

From Mac: Can you please help me to find and verify whether the following are
finite, countably infinite and uncountable ? Answered by Harley Weston. 





Countable and uncountable sets 
20070724 

From Mac: Hi, i tried to read few webpages related to the countably infinite and uncountable sets.
Even i read few questions from this forum.
But i am not convinced with this explanation. If you have any good book that
explains this in layman term, please redirect me to that.
1) Can you please explain what is the difference between these too ?
2) How could you say set of Natural number and set of even numbers are countably
infinite ?
N={1,2,3,...} and Even= {2,4,6,...}
When an element in the even set is some 2n, we will map it to 'n'.So
now we have a bigger number(2n) right ?
Sorry, i didn't understand that.
...
Can you please help me out to understand that ? Answered by Harley Weston. 





What happens when you have zero's on both sides? 
20070605 

From Lily: On the substitution method what happens when you have zero's on both
sides of the equation? Is that considered no solution or infinitely many? Answered by Stephen La Rocque and Penny Nom. 





Countable and uncountable sets 
20070213 

From piyush: we se that union of countably infinite no of sets having countably infinite number of elements is a countable set we can express p(n) (i.e power set of natural number) as a union of countable infinite number of sets i.e p(n)=s1Us2Us3..... where s1=null s2={1,2,3,4,5..........} s3={{1,1},{1,2},{1,3},..............{2,1},{2,2}........} using the same statement can we prove that power set of natural number is a infinit countable set Answered by Penny Nom and Claude Tardif. 





Sigma from 0 to infinity of (n^3 / 3^n) 
20061115 

From Cedric: I'm wondering how you would find if this series converges or diverges?
Sigma from 0 to infinity of (n^3 / 3^n)
Does the n^3 dominate, or does the 3^n dominate? What about higher powers like n^10 / 10 ^ n ? Which one would dominate then? Answered by Penny Nom. 





The cartesian product of a countably infinite collection of countably infinite sets 
20060325 

From Geetha: Is the cartesian product of a countably infinite collection of countably infinite sets countable infinite? Answered by Penny Nom. 





A countably infinite collection of countably infinite sets 
20050226 

From Feroz: Suppose a set can be divided into a countably infinite number of countably infinite sets.Then can the original set be considered as a countably infinite set? Answered by Penny Nom. 





x^x^x^x^... 
20040123 

From Ryan: you have a number say x and it is to the power of x which is to the power of x and so on infinite times like x^x^x^x^x^x^x^... i have to figure out what x is so that the answer is always 2 Answered by Penny Nom. 





X.9999... and X+1 
20030823 

From David: I have read your answers to the questions on rational numbers, esp. 6.9999... = ? and still have a question: The simple algebraic stunt of converting repeating decimals to rational numbers seems to work for all numbers except X.999999.... where X is any integer. The fact that the method yields the integer X+1 in each case seems to violate the completeness axiom of the real numbers, namely that there is no space on the number line which does not have an number and conversely that every geometric point on the number line is associated with a unique real number. In the case of 3.999... for example, it seems that both the number 4 and the number 3.9999.... occupy the same point on the number line. How is this possible??? Answered by Penny Nom. 





Finite differences 
20030210 

From Jenny:
I need to find a formula that will work with any number. I am finding the volume of a 3d cross shape. Here are my results so far:
Term Number 0 1 2 3 4 5
nth term 1 7 25 63 129 231
1rst diff 6 18 38 66 102
2nd diff 12 20 28 36
3rd diff 8 8 8
I can't seem to find a formula that will work with any number. Any help would be much appreciated. Answered by Penny Nom. 





What is larger than infinity? 
20030112 

From Dana: What is larger than infinity? Answered by Claude Tardif and Harley Weston. 





Repeating decimals 
20030108 

From A student: If k=.9repeating, and 10k=9.9repeating then 10kk=9k, k=1 therefore .9repeating=1 and 1/3=.3repeating 3x1/3=.3repeatingx3, 3/3=.9repeating, therefore 1=.9repeating It would seem to me that .9repeating approaches one but never quite makes it. Can you clarify? Answered by Penny Nom. 





A bouncing ball 
20021214 

From Eman:
Q : When a childís ball is dropped from a height h metres on to a hard, flat floor, it rebounds to a height of 3/5h metres. The ball is dropped initially from a height of 1.2m.  Find the maximum height to which the ball rises after two bounces.
 Find the total distance that the ball has traveled when it hits the floor for the tenth time.
 Assuming that the ball continues to bounce in the same way indefinitely, find the total distance that the ball travels.
Answered by Penny Nom. 





Can a infinite set be smaller than another infinite set? 
20011129 

From Carlos: Can a infinite set be smaller than another infinite set? If so why? Answered by Chris Fisher and Penny Nom. 





Cardinality of sets 
20011119 

From Tania:
 Show that the cardinality of P(X) (the power set of X) is equal to the cardinality of the set of all functions from X into {0,1}.
 Show that (the cardinality of the natural numbers set) N = NxNxN.
 Show that the cardinality of the set of prime numbers is the same as the cardinality of N+
Answered by Walter Whiteley. 





Subsets of a countably infinite set 
20011114 

From Tania: How could I show (and explain to my son) that any countably infinite set has uncontably many infinite subsets of which any two have only a finite number of elements in common? Answered by Claude Tardif. 





2=the square root of (2 + the square root of (2 + the square root of (2 +...))) 
20011105 

From Cynthia: justify algebreically, that: 2=the square root of 2 + the square root of 2 + the square root of 2 + the square root of 2 + the square root of 2 + and so on, ....... Answered by Penny Nom. 





Finite differences 
20011008 

From Murray: My name is Murray and I am a 10th grade student. Me and my friend have recently discovered and proved a theorem of a relitively advanced nature. It is that the the nth difference of an nth degree equation = n! times the coefficient of the highest power. One of my teachers said this theorem is part finite and that she thinks she has seen it before, but she does not remember what it is called, at what level it is taught, who discovered it or when it was invented. I would greatly appretiate answers to any of these questions. Answered by Chris Fisher. 





Subsets of the natural numbers 
20010130 

From Christina: How do I explain why the set of natural numbers (N) cannot be equivalent to one of its finite subsets? Answered by Penny Nom. 





An infinite series 
20001216 

From John: summation(n=1 to infinity)[n sin(1/(2n))]^{n} Answered by Harley Weston. 





Infinite Geometric Series 
20001110 

From Sam Carter: I ran into a problem when studying how to find the sum of an infinite geometric series. My math book attempts to explain the concept by giving formulas involving sigma and r, but it does not really explain how to go about finding the sum of an infinite geometric series. If you could either help me with this or point me in the direction of an informative website that could help me, I'd appreciate it. Answered by Harley Weston. 





An indefinite integral 
20000503 

From Bonnie Null: I am to find the indefinite integral of: (e^{x}  e^{x})^{2} dx Answered by Claude Tardif. 





Infinite sets 
20000412 

From Brian Provost: Here's the deal: There are an infinite amount of integers (1,2,3...). Agreed? There are an infinite amount of even integers, too (2,4,6...). Agreed? By convention, infinity equals infinity. Yet common sense tells us there are obviously more integers than there are even integers. Prove this to be true mathematically. Answered by Harley Weston. 





A system of equations in five unknowns 
20000320 

From Will: I have been having some problem with the following question for some time. I would appreciate any help on solving the problem or a solution. Q: Assume that a system of equations in the unknowns x1, x2, x3, x4 and x5 when converted to row echelon form gives . . . Answered by Penny Nom. 





Limited area and unlimited perimeter. 
19971128 

From Rosa: There is a figure, it has unlimited perimeter but has limited area , what is the figure and how to draw it ? Thank you very much! Answered by Harley Weston. 





A Finite Math Question. 
19970907 

From Angela L.: How many threedigit numbers can be formed using only the numbers 1 to 7 if the number 2 must be included? Answered by Penny Nom. 

