







Water flowing through a rectangular drain 
20160108 

From Tiffany: the cross section of drain is a rectangle 30 cm wide. If water 3.5 cm deep flows through the drain at a rate of 22 cm/s, how many litres of water will flow through in one minute? Answered by Penny Nom. 





Two sunflowers 
20150312 

From Maurice: Sam and sally planted two sunflowers.Each sunflower grows 1cm each day. Sally's sunflower is 4cm high. Sam's is 12cm high. How high will each sunflower be when Sam's sunflower is twice the height of Sally's? Answered by Penny Nom. 





Water flowing out of a tank 
20131103 

From Carolyn: The flow of water out of a hole in a tank is known to be proportional to the square root of the height of water above the hole.
That is,
dV/dt (proportional to) sq root (h)
The tank has a constant crosssectional area A, show that the height of water in the tank is given by
h = ((kt+C)/2)^2
If the tank is 9 metres high, and it takes 5 hours for it to drain from full to half full,
how much longer will we have to wait until it is completely empty? Answered by Penny Nom. 





Water is flowing from tank A to tank B 
20120406 

From Noel: At First, Tank A was completely filled with water. The tap from Tank A was then turned on and water flowed out at a constant rate. The water which flowed out was collected into Tank B. At the end of 6 minutes, Tank A was 2/3 full. After a further 8 minutes, Tank A had 2.4 liters of water left while Tank B was completely filled with water. Find the capacity of Tank B. Answered by Penny Nom. 





A border around a flower garden 
20110828 

From jessica: A Landscaper, who just completed a rectangular flower garden
measuring 6 feet by 10 feet, orders 1 cubic yard of premixed
cement, all of which is to be used to create a border of uniform
width around the garden. if the border is to have a
depth of 3 inches, how wide will the border be?
( 1 cubic yard=27 cubic feet) Answered by Penny Nom. 





The volume of a flower pot 
20110407 

From kp: I have 2 flower pots with the following dimensions that I am trying to calculate the
volume of Soil I will need to fill them. pot #1 29"tall, top of pot 31.5 inches across( radius of 15.5") the bottom of the pot is 21"across (radius 10.5)
Pot #2 29"tall, top of pot 26 across (radius 13") the bottom of the pot 17'"a cross (radius 8.5")
thank you
KP Answered by Penny Nom. 





A walkway around a flower garden 
20090801 

From Barbara: A rectangular flower bed measuring =C2=A0 10 feet by 15 feet =C2=A0 has a surrounding walkway on all sides that measure 186 square feet. How wide is the walkway? Answered by Harley Weston. 





Amount of Water 
20090223 

From Jeanette: I received a water bill for 660,000 gal. of water. I don't think it is possible to pass this much water through a 1 1/2 inch pipe in 30 days. Is it possible to send that much water? I am assuming that there is a water pressure of 50 gpm, but I am not sure of that. It is a rural water system. Answered by Janice Cotcher & Robert Dawson. 





Related Rates (a water trough) 
20071107 

From Christina: A rectangular trough is 3ft long , 2ft across the top and 4 ft deep. If water flows in at the rate of 2ft^3/min, how fast is the surface rising when the water is 1 ft deep ? Answered by Stephen La Rocque. 





How many gallons per minute? 
20070912 

From Diane: HI
I have a natural water spring and I am trying to determine how many gallons per minute will flow in an 8" pipe? I know one gallon is 231 cubic inches and V=nr2h  so if i had one foot of 8" pipe it would hold 2.6 gallons but I'm looking for the flow rate of how many gallons per minute? Thanks for your help. Answered by Stephen la Rocque. 





Comparing flow rates of two pipes 
20070714 

From Kenneth: If two water pipes are 3 feet long, but one of them has a 1 foot diameter and the second has a 1 1/2 foot diameter, what simple mathematical method can be used to determine how much faster one pipe can drain water than the other pipe? Answered by Stephen La Rocque. 





An octagon shape flower bed 
20060624 

From Brandy: hello my name is brandy my husband and I would like to build an octagon shape flower bed to put around the tree in the front yard
we would hope to have the whole shape about 4 ft5 ft around the tree. what would be the way to find out how to cut each side to that they fit together equally Answered by Penny Nom. 





Quarts, liters cubic yards and soil 
20060319 

From Kathy: I am trying to find out how many quarts of dirt there are in a yard of dirt. The local flower store sells bags of dirt that are 20 quarts or 22 liters for $1.25 and another store sells a yard of dirt for $25.00. Which is the better deal? Answered by Penny Nom. 





Building a flower bed 
20060317 

From Bobby: I am building a flower bed 60 ft long by 8 ft wide by 3 ft deep. How much dirt will it take to fill it with top soil/dirt. Answered by Penny Nom. 





The volume of air flowing in windpipes 
20030502 

From James: The volume of air flowing in windpipes is given by V=kpR^{4}, where k is a constant, p is the pressure difference at each end, R is the radius. The radius will decrease with increased pressure, according to the formula: R_{o}  R = cp, where R_{o} is the windpipe radius when p=0 & c is a positive constant. R is restricted such that: 0 < 0.5*R_{o} < R < R_{o}, find the factor by which the radius of the windpipe contracts to give maximum flow? Answered by Penny Nom. 





Water in a conical tank 
20011020 

From Sarah: The problem: Water flows into a conical funnel at a continuous rate of one gallon per minute (One gallon = 231 Cu.In.). The height of the funnel is 5" and the diameter is 8". The 1st formula: I need to develop a formula that will give the volume, in cubic inches, of the water in the funnel at any time t (in seconds). V = f(t). The 2nd formula: I need to develop a formula that will give the height of the water in the funnel at any time t (in seconds). h = f(t). Answered by Penny Nom. 





Airflow in windpipes 
20010325 

From Ena: The volume of air flowing in windpipes is given by V=kpR^{4}, where k is a constant, p is the pressure difference at each end, R is the radius. The radius will decrease with increased pressure, according to the formula: Ro  R = cp, where Ro is the windpipe radius when p=0 & c is a positive constant. R is restricted such that: 0 < 0.5*Ro < R < Ro, find the factor by which the radius of the windpipe contracts to give maximum flow? Answered by Harley Weston. 





Solve for two variables 
20010225 

From A student: How do I solve for %1 and %2 in the following formula when T1, T2 and T3 are known? %1 and %2 are ratios of the same element, therefore %1 + %2 = 100%
(%1 x T1) + (%2 x T2) = T3 Answered by Penny Nom. 





Blood flow and age 
20010111 

From Gayle: I don't understand the second part of this problem Here is the first part that was correct. A 35yr old has 100% blood flow. A 65yr old has 64% blood flow. Find the rate of change per yr in the percent of blood flow. (This part is correct) m=(64100)/(3565)= 36/30= 1.2 per year of blood flow. Now, here is the second part I DON'T UNDERSTAND! .Let b represent the percent of blood flow and a represent a person's age. Write an equation that you could use to predict the percent of blood flow for a person of any age over 35. Answered by Penny Nom. 





Sunflower seeds 
20001009 

From A parent: Find the number of 3/4 pound of sunflower seeds that can be filled with 225 pounds of sunflower seeds Answered by Penny Nom. 

