







A circle inscribed in a 30690 triangle 
20170407 

From Kameron: i have been given a problem with a 306090 triangle and a circle inscribed with a radius of 2 and was told to find the perimeter of the triangle Answered by Penny Nom. 





980 cubic yards of dirt 
20161217 

From Jondi: I am trying to visualize 980 cubic yards of dirt by using a metaphor.
Would this be the size of a car?
A fire engine?
A semitrailer?
How many trucks would you need to haul away 980 yards of dirt? Answered by Penny Nom. 





The cube root of 729 
20141112 

From Alexis: What would be the square root of 729 to the third power and could you
explain how to get the answer? Answered by Penny Nom. 





4821x14y is an 8digit number divisible by 72 
20140806 

From RAYA: if 4821x14y is an 8digit number divisible by 72. How many values can x and y take? Answered by Penny Nom. 





A schedule for 9 teams on 3 fields for 18 days 
20140425 

From Scott: I need to schedule 9 teams on 3 fields for 18 days with no buys. Two teams play while other practices in field(little guys). Two fields have backstops and other is open field. Would like to have even time on each diamond if possible. Thank you Answered by Victoria West. 





A 4 digit number 
20140404 

From LIM: "A" is a 4 digit number formed by all the numbers from 1 to 4. When "A" is divided by 9, the remainder is the biggest possible value. What is the biggest value of A? Answered by Chris Fisher. 





9 golfers in groups of 3 
20140322 

From Andrew: We are a group of 9 golfers.
We play 4 rounds in 3 groups of 3.
What would be the most equitable where everyone plays with another at least 1 time...?.
Thank you. Answered by Victoria West. 





9 golfers divided into 3 teams 
20140222 

From Steve: We have 9 golfers, divided into 3 teams each day. Play is over 6 days. Can you devise a schedule to ensure pairings allow for all golfers to play at least once with all participants?
Also, that the pairings have one player from another team. Answered by Victoria West. 





6 digit permutations from {149} 
20121227 

From ange: how many six digits numbers permutations can be formed with the set {149} if no digit is used twice in each permutation?? Answered by Penny Nom. 





29 golfers 
20120604 

From robert: i have 29 golfers and have to make 8 teams for a golf scramble there will be 5 teams of 4 and 3 teams of 3 what is the fairest way to make up the teams? Answered by Victoria West. 





6/49 
20120525 

From Mark: Can you explain why the lotto 6/49 (a lottery of 49 numbers and 6 slots) is a combination and not a permutation?
It seems to me that it would a permutation given that the numbers are written in numeric "order" when you look them up in the newspaper.
I realize that 49P6 is orders of magnitude larger than 49C6. But I am confused about the reasoning behind it. Answered by Robert Dawson. 





Numbers with a digit 9 
20110513 

From Veronica: How many numbers between 200 and 750 have a 9 for at least one of the digits? Answered by Penny Nom. 





I have nine players, three rounds of golf 
20110205 

From Pat: My problem is I have nine players three rounds of golf, please could you give me the best formula so that no two players play twice together Answered by Victoria West. 





An even multiple of 27 
20110201 

From parth: the 6 digit # 63x904 is an even multiple of 27 what is X Answered by Penny Nom. 





Powers 
20101020 

From dylan: how do you write 20736 in exponential form .same for 1728 and 50625.
is there a formula to figure out how to express large know numbers in exponential form. Answered by Penny Nom. 





Does 1= 0.9999....? 
20100407 

From Asia: Does 1= 0.9999....? There seems to be different opinions on this. Answered by Robert Dawson. 





The sides of a 306090 triangle 
20100329 

From maris: Find the sides of a 306090 triangle whose perimeter is 6. The solution must use systems of equations using 3 variables. Answered by Penny Nom. 





Repeating Decimal 
20100314 

From Gerald: Find the 1987th digit in the decimal equivalent to 1785/9999 starting from decimal point. Can you give us a short but powerful technique in solving this problem? thanks so much.. Answered by Chris Fisher. 





An isosceles triangle 
20100211 

From Kim: I am given the length of the two legs of an isosceles triangle (8), and the base angles are 30 degrees...I am asked to find the area of the triangle with only this information Answered by Tyler Wood. 





Two percent 
20091220 

From Brian: Hello I am having a problem figuring out something. Someone told me that .98 is the same as 2% how is this possible, how did they figure this out
here is my example 929.79 x .98 = 911.19, is the same as 929.79 x 2% = 18.59, now minus the 18.59 and you will end up with 911.19, how did they convert 2%
to .98, please help thgis is driving me nuts as I am not very good at math. Thank you
Warmest Regards
Brian Answered by Penny Nom. 





4x +3/4 = 1/4 
20091212 

From Lynda: 4x +3/4 = 1/4
I know the answer is 1/8 but I don't know how to show the process of getting the answer Answered by Penny Nom. 





I have 9 players 4 rounds of 3 
20090831 

From Larry: I have 9 players 4 rounds of 3. I need each player to play one timw with everyone in the group Answered by Victoria West. 





Golfing with an unpopular golfer 
20090723 

From Ian: "We are a group of 8 golfers, one of whom is unpopular. How can we construct a schedule, of two foursomes, so that each person is scheduled to play with him the same number of times. What does the week by week schedule look like?" Answered by Robert Dawson and Victoria West. 





A base 7 number and a base 9 number 
20090709 

From koteawarao: Find a base 7 threedigit number which has its digits reversed when expressed in
base 9.
ans: (281) base 7 and (182) base 9 Answered by Harley Weston. 





0123456789 
20090325 

From Dr.: Many years ago I discovered that there are 33 numbers which,
when multiplied by 0123456789, simply rearrange the digits. Surprisingly
(to me at least) is the fact that the digits of all of those 33 numbers add up
to one of the 6 "cardinal" numbers 1, 2, 4, 5, 7, and 8. For example
6 + 2 = 8 and 62 X 0123456789 = 7654320918 etc.
Another interesting (to me) fact is that only the cardinal numbers
1, 2, 4, 5, 7, and 8 rearrange the digits in the number 9876543210.
My question is: "Is this known to anyone but me and the people I have
told?" Answered by Robert Dawson. 





Some 9 letter permutations 
20090224 

From Cecilia: If the letters G, H, S are used exactly 3 times how many 9 letter combinations can be generated? Answered by Penny Nom. 





Buying 13,983,816 tickets for the 6/49 lotto 
20090223 

From luis: if 6/49 lotto combinations is 13,983,816 combinations at 10.pesos per combinationthe price amount is 139,838.160.00 is it wise for me to get all the combinations since the the pot money is more than 347 million pesos. Am I right? Answered by Robert Dawson and Penny Nom. 





9 golfers 
20090212 

From Beth: I am organizing a golf trip for 9 women. We are playing in threesomes
and are playing four days.
I would love to mix it up so that everyone gets to play with each other
at least once. Any mathematical suggestions as to how I can make this
happen?? Answered by Robert Dawson. 





A 306090 triangle 
20090203 

From Inez: If you have a 306090 triangle and the only side you get is 73 and a 90 degree box, how do you find the area? Answered by Penny Nom. 





0.99999.... 
20080923 

From Eve: Hi, i had a problem with change 0.99999... this recurring decimal to a fraction. I know the method, but the answer I got is 1 as you can see below.
Where have i done wrong? Answered by Harley Weston. 





Choosing 5 numbers out of 39 numbers 
20080718 

From robert: Please list the way I can choose 5 numbers out of 39 numbers, without repeating them, starting at number 1.
Please send me a list of all 120 combination. Answered by Harley Weston. 





A 9 team flag football tournament 
20080522 

From James: I like to run a 9 team flag football tournament where each team is guaranteed 3 games prior to playoffs. All games must have playoff implications and must not be a consolation game. Answered by Victoria West. 





A season schedule for 9 teams 
20080522 

From James: would like to put together a season schedule for 9 teams with each team playing three or 4 games leading to a 1 to 9 ranking. Answered by Victoria West. 





Nine digit numbers 
20080521 

From Alex: List of Nine digit numbers, that can be divided by nine? Answered by Janice Cotcher. 





A 306090 triangle 
20080416 

From Ron: 306090 triangle. Base is 2.75 how do I find the length of the other two sides? Answered by Penny Nom. 





Combinations 
20080108 

From david: is there a simple formula to follow for the number of combinations a set of numbers could have
ie.( lotto 649, 6 numbers, 149 range) Answered by Penny Nom. 





For how many positive integers n is n^2 + 96 is a perfect square? 
20071218 

From Rajesh: For how many positive integers n is n^2 + 96 is a perfect square ? Answered by Penny Nom. 





A math trick 
20071210 

From Megan: I need to write a mathematical explanation of why this works!
Start with a four digit number. (a positive integer, and all digits can NOT be the same. At least one must be different)
Rearrange that four digit number.
Subtract the smaller 4digit number from the larger.
Now circel one digit. (canNOT be zero, because that is already a circle)
Now rewrite that number excluding the circled digit.
Compute the sum of the digits.
Now write down the next multiple of 9 that is larger than the sum.
Subtract the Sum from the multiple. (multiple  sum of digits)
Report Difference = to number circled.
The resulting number should be the number that originally circled. Answered by Penny Nom. 





A 3digit number in base 7 has its digits reversed when expressed in base 9. 
20070128 

From Ashley: A 3digit number in base 7 has its digits reversed when expressed in base 9. Find this number. Answered by Penny Nom. 





Four 9s 
20061215 

From A student: Can you make 67 with four 9's without using the ceilling method? Answered by Stephen La Rocque. 





a _________________ line forms a 90 degree angle with another line 
20060924 

From Lisa: a _________________ line forms a 90 degree angle with another line is this to it
what fills in the blank? first letter is E third letter is R and has 13 letters Answered by Stephen La Rocque. 





A 306090 triangle 
20050911 

From Gary: I have the length of only 1 side of triangle with angles of 306090 degrees. How can I find the length of the other 2 sides? Answered by Penny Nom. 





The value of n*tan*(180/n) tends to pi 
20050711 

From Daniel: I am 14 and i have been given a piece of maths coursework whereby a farmer has to fence off a piece of land as large as possible using 1000m of fence. I already know that the formula for working out the area of any shape of a 1000m perimeter = 500^{2}/ n*tan*(180/n), however, after some research I have found out that as the number of sides (n), tends to infinity, the n*tan*(180/n) tends to pi. Why is this? Answered by Penny Nom. 





Making the number 99999 
20041222 

From Lisa: Make as many equations as possible to make the number 99999 using all of the numbers 09 but only once per equation. example 01234 + 98765 = 99999 she needs to make 150+ equations. Answered by Paul Betts. 





0.999..., asymptotes and infinity 
20041217 

From Mike: My Name is Mike and I teach high school. I had a student ask me to explain why .9 repeating is equal to 1. Then he asked me about an asymptote, or why a parabola or any other curve for that matter can continually approach a value (like 1) and yet never attain a value of 1. He is thinking that these two should represent the same concept and yet they contradict each other. Do you have a solid explanation for him? Of by the way he is a 7th grader. Great little thinker!!!!! Answered by Claude Tardif and Harley Weston. 





A 306090 triangle 
20041109 

From Amy: How do you find the length of the hypotenuse of a 306090 triangle when the side opposite the 60 degree angle is 6 inches? Answered by Penny Nom. 





Pick a number greater than 1 
20040625 

From A student: I understand that when you pick a number greater than 1 and less than 10; multiply it by 7 and add 23, then add the digits of that number until you get a one digit number. Then multiply that number by 9, add the digits of that number until you get a one digit number, subtract 3 from that number and divide the difference by 3; that this process will always give you the result of 2. Does this have a name or theory for it as to why the answer will always be 2? Answered by Penny Nom. 





The "22" puzzle and the "1089" puzzle 
20040422 

From Marcelle:
1. Choose 3 digits from 19
2. Make all the 2 digit numbers you can from these (6)
3. Add the 3 original digits and divide them into the sum from step 2.
The answer is always '22'. I just can't understand why. Can you please help.
Another one related to this is it:
1. Choose a three digit number ensuring the first and third digit are differnt by at least two.
2. Make the reverse three digit number and subtract the smaller one from the larger of these.
3. Take this answer and reverse it and add these two 3 digit numbers .
eg:
643  346 = 297
297 + 792 = 1089
it doesn't matter what numbers are used, the results are alwasy the same. eg 22 or 1089
Answered by Paul Betts. 





What's it called? 
20040422 

From Gerry:
I'm a father and a grandfather and have come up with a game for my offspring to play while we're on the road. When we see a license plate, the object is to be the first one to add all the numbers on it, and come up with THE one digit number that sums them up.
For example: ABC787 = 7+8+7 = 22 = 2+2 = 4
Another example is 2932 = 2+9+3+2 = 16 = 1+6 = 7
Up 'til now, I've called it just plain "Numerology", but I'm sure that there's a math term for what we're doing, and I'd sure appreciate it if you could tell me what it is!
Answered by Chris Fisher and Penny Nom. 





Digits in the decimal expansion 
20040211 

From Leslie: In the decimal expansion of 1/17 what digit is in the 1997th place? Answered by Penny Nom. 





X.9999... and X+1 
20030823 

From David: I have read your answers to the questions on rational numbers, esp. 6.9999... = ? and still have a question: The simple algebraic stunt of converting repeating decimals to rational numbers seems to work for all numbers except X.999999.... where X is any integer. The fact that the method yields the integer X+1 in each case seems to violate the completeness axiom of the real numbers, namely that there is no space on the number line which does not have an number and conversely that every geometric point on the number line is associated with a unique real number. In the case of 3.999... for example, it seems that both the number 4 and the number 3.9999.... occupy the same point on the number line. How is this possible??? Answered by Penny Nom. 





39 consecutive natural numbers 
20030819 

From A student: Prove that among any 39 consecutive natural numbers it is always possible to find one whose sum of digits is divisible by 11. Answered by Penny Nom. 





nine digit numbers 
20030723 

From John: With a nine digit number, with each of the nine digits having a possibility of 10 different numbers then what is the total number of possible mathematical variations in the nine digit number. i.e. Social Security numbers have nine digits and if each of the nine digits have a possibility of being any one of ten numbers, i.e. 0,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9. Then what is the formula to calculate the maximum possible number of variations in this nine digit number and what is the mathematical maximum possible number of variations of this nine digit number? Answered by Penny Nom. 





0.99999... 
20020926 

From Erica: Yesterday in my 8th grade math class we were being taught how to convert a Repeating Decimal into a fraction. Since I, for some odd reason, seem to understand math better than the rest of my classmates, i began to drown out my teachers explaination for the rule. While she was about half way through with explaining mixed decimals i came up with an unsolvable question. Like I said before, I understand how to turn a repeating decimal into a fraction, but how would I turn a repeating .9 into a fraction? We all know it would equal 9/9, but doesn't 9 over 9 also equal 1? Even though it comes very close to one, it never really equals one. I'm very confused about this and i would love it if you could clear this up for me. Answered by Penny Nom. 





A group of 9 
20020831 

From William: what is the mathmatical name for a group of nine like a group of 3 is called 'triplets' Answered by Penny Nom. 





100 from four 9's 
20020327 

From A student: My teacher gave us a math problem to try and figure out and I am stumped. The problem was this.... by only using four nines, how can you get an answer of 100? You can add, subtract, multiply or divide...anything you need to do ,but you can only use four nines. Answered by Leeanne Boehm. 





A lottery question 
20020325 

From Noel: I want to take all numbers in a Lotto game from 1 to 45 and ditribute them between 9 boxes each containing 5 numbers. Each number is used only once.  What is the probability that I derive the correct combination of 5 numbers in the draw?
 What is the probability if I take a systems game and now distribute 9 numbers into each of 5 boxes? Once again, the numbers are used only once.
 Can you explain what formulae are used and how the answer is derived? Is this a distribution or combination problem? Or is it a combination of both distribution and combination?
Answered by Andrei Volodin and Penny Nom. 





A 91gon 
20010910 

From Ashley: Hi! My name is Ashley and I am an 8th grader and I couldn't find the name of a polygon with 91 sides. i was a question from my math teacher. Answered by Penny Nom. 





Divisibility rules 
20010907 

From A student: Why is it that when you add the digits of a number you can tell what the multiples of that number are. Example: 12131313111,
1+2+1+2+1+3+1+1+1=18,
therefore 12131313111 is divisble by 2, 9, 18, & 3 because those numbers are divisble by 18. Answered by Penny Nom. 





0.999999=1? 
20010906 

From Catherine: Hi! My teacher told us that 0.9 repeating equals one. We discussed how this is true. But, I was wondering if there is a proof that this is true. If so what is this called? I was trying to find information, but, it's hard when you don't know the name. Answered by Walter Whiteley. 





1996^1999 and 1999^1996 
20010729 

From Rajesh: what is greater 1999^{1997} or 1997^{1999}? Answered by Chris Fisher. 





Repeating decimals 
20010421 

From Sarah: Hi, I'm working on a project for school. The theory I choose was "When turned into a fraction, a repeating decimal has a denometor that is a multiple of three." I have a couple of questions about this topic. My first question is, have you ever heard of this, and what can you tell me about it? My second question is, when I was testing this theory I came across .999... now, when this is a fraction it is 9/9 which is equal to one. The denometor is a multiple of 3, but it's a whole number. I don't understand how a decimal can be equal to a whole number since a decimal is a piece of a whole number. Please don't just show me a math problem, I don't want to see a math problem. I want to see an explanation of this theory and the decimal .999... Answered by Penny Nom. 





1 = 0.999... 
20010413 

From Joan: I have a middle grade math question for you. I would like to know why .9999... = 1 ? I can not use algebra to show this or the following: We agree that 2 = 2 and that 22 = 0, so
1.00000...... 0.99999.....  0.000000...... and 0.000... = 0 therefore 0.9 = 1 OR 1/3 = 0.333333 and 3 X 1/3 = 1, so if 3 X 0.333... = 0.999... then 0.999... = 1 My teacher says that I can not use the above example to show why this is true, and that I must use a couple different examples. He says that there are several other ways. Do you know any? I could really use the help because I can't think of any other ways to show this is true. Thanks for any help you can give. Answered by Penny Nom. 





Lotto 649 
20010227 

From A student: I am a secondary student and I was wondering if there was a better way to find out how many combinations and what they are in the lotto 6/49 than writing them out on a piece of paper. Any help you can provide me with would be greatly appreciated. Answered by Penny Mon. 





Lucky dip 
20010209 

From Andrew: I buy 8 lucky dip (random number) panels, each panel has 6 numbers chosen at random from 49. I never seem to cover more than 32 different numbers on average, over the total 48 numbers chosen, which seems low? How can I calculate the probability of 32 different numbers or 33 diferent numbers? Answered by Claude Tardif. 





Divisibility by 9 
20001024 

From Kelera: If the sum of the digits of a number is divisible by 9, then the number itself it divisible by 9. Why is that? How do you explain this? Answered by Penny Nom. 





1234567890 
20000914 

From Bradley Kloetzly: Can you find two whole numbers, with the smallest possible difference between them, which when multipled together equal: 1234567890? Answered by Harley Weston. 





649 
20000914 

From Steve: In our state lottery you must choose 6 numbers (149). How many different combinations are there? They can be in any order. Answered by Harley Weston. 





The side length ratios of some triangles 
20000404 

From Alexis Lockwood: I am doing a project for my Math 30B class regarding the side length ratios of 454590 degree and 306090 degree triangles. I would really appreciate any assistance in answering the following questions, or even direction to an appropriate web site or resource on the matter. Answered by Harley Weston. 





Divisibility by 3 
20000324 

From Pat Walsh: W hy does it work when you add the digits of a number then divid by three to see if the number is divisible by three Answered by Penny Nom. 





Nines and ones 
19991105 

From Greg Miller: Using the numbers 1, 1, 9, 9, only once each, how can I create an expression that equals 10 using only the basic functions of addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, and/or parentheses? Answered by Claude Tardif. 





111...1222...2 
19990811 

From Brad Goorman: Let N = 111...1222...2, where there are 1999 digits of 1 followed by 1999 digits of 2. Express N as the product of four integers, each of them greater than 1. Answered by Penny Nom. 





Repeating decimals 
19990521 

From Stan: Hi, I am in Honors Math, and have confronted everyone, including teachers, about repeating decimals. What interests me is the number 0.9... and 1. Everyone says that since there is no number between 0.9...(repeating) and 1, that 0.9... = 1. However, isn't a repeating number a representation of a number, and not a real number? Let's look at it this way. 0.9 is close to 1. 0.99 is closer. 0.99999999999999 is even closer. so, 0.9... is a representation of it's closeness to 1. it's an active number... I don't understand how 0.9... is equal to 1. Please help me prove that 0.9... does NOT = 1. Answered by Penny Nom. 





Divisibility by 9 
19990221 

From Razzi: I've been having a hard time trying to solve the following problem and I was wondering if you could help me. For any positive integer a let S(a) be the sum of its digits. Prove that a is divisible by 9 if and only if there exist a positive integer b such that S(a)=S(b)=S(a+b). Answered by Chris Fisher and Harley Weston. 





6.99999... = ? 
19981205 

From Tom: I have had a rather heated arguement with my students. Please settle this for me. Solve <,>, = 6.99999... __ 7 Thank you. Answered by Penny Nom. 





3 to the power of 1994 
19980905 

From Kim Tangney: What are the last two digits of:  3 to the power of 1994
 7 to the power of 1994
 3 to the power of 1994 + 7 to the power of 1994
 7 to the power of 1994  3 to the power of 1994
Answered by Penny Nom. 





A Place Value Curiosity 
19980525 

From Ed: I was visiting with an elderly gentleman this afternoon. He showed me this curiosity and then asked if I could explain it to him. Can you provide an explanation of why the 9 or multiple of 9 keeps occurring in this procedure? Choose any number, say 125 and add the digits to get 8. subtract the 8 from the 125 and the result is 117. Add the digits in 117 to get 9. Subtract the 9 from the 117 to get 108. Add the digits in 108 to get 9. If this procedure continues a 9 or a multiple of 9 reoccurs. What is the mathematical explanation behind this happening? Answered by Denis Hanson. 





preuve par 9 
20010404 

From Michel: Pourriezvous m'expliquer en détail comment fonctionne la preuve par 9 (pour une division et une multiplication). Je sais l'appliquer mais je ne sais pas pourquoi ça marche. Je ne retrouve pas la démonstration. Merci de m'aider. Exemple . 17x2=34 ; preuve par neuf : 1+7=8 ; 8x2= 16 ; 1+6=7 et 3+4=7, on peut donc supposer (sans affirmer) que cette multiplication a un résultat juste car la preuve par 9 est bonne, 7=7. Comment fonctionne cette preuve par 9??? Answered by Claude Tardif. 





Combien y aura t il de 9 dans la réponse? 
20000617 

From Marie: J'ai lu une énigme mais je n'ai pas la réponse."si l'on divise 123 456 789 par 999 999 999, combien y aura t il de 9 dans la réponse?" Answered by Claude Tardif. 

