







Sigma notation 
20191204 

From Kenneth:
What would be used for the top and bottom indices for the sigma sign in my example shown below?
If the amounts were 1 + 2 + 3, the top index would be 3 and the bottom would be i = 1, but if the amounts are 1 + 2 + 4, or 1 + 0.05 + 1/3, what would the indices be since these amounts are in an uneven pattern.
I thank you for your reply and explanation Answered by Harley Weston. 





(3d) Whether line segment intersects triangle 
20190413 

From rj: Well hello,
Lets say I have a triangle,
Not any ordinary triangle, but a triangle that is represented in 3 dimensions. I also have a line segment.
Lets say that this triangle has points A(0,0,0), B(1,0,0), C(0,1,1)
And the line segment has points D(0,1/2,0), E(1,1/2,1)
In what way can I find if the line segment and triangle intersect? Their intersection point?
I don't prefer matrices, because they don't make any sense, but ... if that's the only way to solve this, then do what's necessary.
Thank you in advance. Answered by Penny Nom. 





The volume of a slab 
20170121 

From Russell: Working with a segment of a circle. The O.D. is 3.440" the length of the chord is 3.130 I need information on the volume of the largest area. I would like to know (in thousands of an inch) how tall would the largest area need to be to equal .1143 cubic inches If you need more info I can send it Thanks in advance Answered by p. 





A line segment of length root 5 
20141215 

From angela: On the dot grid below, draw and label a line segment with length square root 5
the dot grid is 8 by 10 Answered by Penny Nom. 





Forming a triangle from 3 line segments 
20120315 

From rustom: A point X is selected at random from a line segment AB with midpoint 0. Find the probability that the line segments AX, XB, and A0 can form a triangle. Answered by Penny Nom. 





Augmented matrix 
20111214 

From Britney: Write Augmented matrix and use row reduction to solve.
I need major help with this problem! Tomorrow is my semester test and I have no idea how to do this.
2x+5y=8
yx=10 Answered by Robert Dawson. 





Two line segments in the plane 
20110815 

From Tim: For this problem I actually have tried to visualise the image in my head many times. This question makes my head spin.
Four points lie in a plane. They are partitioned into two pairs so that the sum of the lengths of the segments joining the points of each pair has the minimal possible value.
Prove that these segments have no common points. Answered by Chris Fisher. 





Line segments 
20110104 

From Izsak: What is the formula to find the number of segments that can be named by a given number of points on a line? Answered by Penny Nom. 





Can a line segment curve over two planes? 
20100214 

From Graham: I am working on a math fair project.
Can a line segment curve over two planes?
Such as, if I had a three dimensional L bracket and I drew a line segment
on it with a marker starting on the bottom of the L and had it curve
around the corner and up the top, would it still be considered one line
segment? Or is that two line segments?
Is there a rule that a line segment can only occupy one plane?
Thank you.
Graham Answered by Chris Fisher. 





Segments of a ring gasket 
20090920 

From Robert: I am in the process of making an Excel spreadsheet in which our sales
team just needs to enter the outside diameter, inside diameter, and
number of segments to price ring gaskets that are too big to fit on a
sheet of material and need to be cut into segments. With your help I
was able to create a spread sheet that can calculate the Chord lengths,
and Segment height on a single gasket segment. I am now stuck trying to
come up with a formula to figure out the height of the second segment
when it is stacked on the first segment, then use it to add more
depending on the quantity of segments needed. I have an illustration
below showing 2 segments (of a gasket that was segmented into 4 pieces)
stacked together. I need to find a formula to get the dimension from
"A" to "B". Answered by Harley Weston. 





2+6+12+20+30+42 
20090424 

From fredy: what is the sigma notation for the series 2+6+12+20+30+42? Answered by Stephen La Rocque. 





A plane cuts a line segment 
20090317 

From Manis: Find the ratio in which the line joining (2,4,16) and (3,5,4) is divided by the plane 2x3y+z+6=0. Answered by Robert Dawson. 





A linear system 
20090313 

From Rasanga: Use the row echelon form of the augmented matrix to solve the following linear system.
X1+2X2+X4=6
X3+6X4=7
X5=1 Answered by Harley Weston. 





Augmented matrix: independent, dependent, or inconsistent? 
20090223 

From Anna: Perform row operations on the augmented matrix as far as necessary to determine whether the system is independent, dependent, or inconsistent.
x + y + z = 11
x  y + 3z = 5
2x + 2y + 2z = 15 Answered by Harley Weston. 





Congruent line segments 
20090205 

From casie: marica drew oneline segment on a graph with endpoint of (0,9) and (0,4). she drew another line segment with endpoints (1,1) and (6,1). are the line segment congruent?explain Answered by Penny Nom. 





Segments of a sphere 
20090116 

From Herman: How do I solve for a segment of a sphere so that the orange peel or pie shaped section is converted to a flat surface with dimensions. I form large diameter domes, elliptical and sphere heads on a press. I enter the diameter say 30 feet with two segments above and below the equator and the total number of segment around the circumference at say 18 so the widest part of the pie shaped section will fit my press. How do I take the upper or lower course above or below the equator and figure the height of the orange peel shape, the chord length at top and bottom, and solve for the right angle at 2 degree increments down the arc length of the pieces so I can layout the flat plates prior to pressing. Thanks for your help. Answered by Robert Dawson. 





Converting grams to milliliters 
20090104 

From Faiza: I was looking for how to convert grams into mL and I read on this site
to convert one to the other you need to know what substance you are measuring.
so if I am measuring sugar or any of the baking ingredient like flour how do
I convert them from grams to mL is there a simple method I can use to do that? Answered by Penny Nom. 





The midpoint o a line segment 
20081115 

From Jane: The vertices of a triangle are at (1,7), (6,1) and (0,3). Find the coordinates of the midpoints of the sides. Answered by Penny Nom. 





Using the augmented matrix 
20081017 

From Karlena: I am supposed to write the augmented matrix of the system and use the matrix method to solve the system. I must show my work algebraically
x+y+2z=30
2x+3y+2z=53
x+2y+3z=47 Answered by Harley Weston. 





A linear system 
20080823 

From dipesh: consider the system of equations
x6y+2z=5
2x9yz=14
4x+12y3z=19 by reducing the augm matrix to row echelon form, find
the solution to the equation.
leaving the first two equations the third is changed to 3x+6y+14z=31
show the equations have infinitely many solutions and give a general
formula for them Answered by Penny Nom. 





The midpoints of the sides of a quadrilateral 
20080722 

From JOEL: A QUADRILATERAL A,B,C,D HAS THE CO ORDINATE [2,5],[8,7],[10,3]&[0,1] RESPECTIVLY [B,E,G,H] ARE THE MID POINTS OF THE SIDES AB,BC,CD&DA RESPECTIVLY FIND THE MID POINTS OF [FG]&[FH] Answered by Penny Nom. 





A reflected line segment 
20080714 

From Peter: Segment AB has endpoints A(1,2) and (3,1). Segment AB is reflected over the yaxis such that A becomes A' and B becomes B'. What is the positive difference between the lengths of segment AA' and segment BB'? Answered by Janice Cotcher. 





A large concrete shape 
20080116 

From Keith: what is the cubic yards of an area that is not a perfect 1/4 circle?
The dimensions are 100ft. x 60ft. x 125ft. curcumferal arch x 3ft. depth? Answered by Stephen La Rocque. 





Sigma notation 
20080106 

From jamelia: what is this word problem in sigma style i am so lost at this point my first time ever attempting this subject
1+2+3+4+5 Answered by Penny Nom. 





Animals for sale 
20071209 

From Marion: This question has come up and I know the answer and the equation, but how do you solve this?
Please share the proof. cows=$10, pigs=$3, chickens=$.50
In any combination buy 100 animals with $100. Answered by Leeanne Boehm. 





An augmented matrix 
20071129 

From Beth: I am having troubles fiinding this augnmented matrix. I know how to do it
but everytime i do it it get a different answer and its not the right answer.
Could you help me to make sure I do it right?
Here is the problem:
4x  3y = 5
2x +9y = 6 Answered by Harley Weston. 





Dividing a segment into 3 congruent parts 
20071030 

From Carolyn: I am doing construction. I have a line segment drawn. I need to divide a segment into 3 congruent part. How do I do that? Answered by Penny Nom. 





Segments on a line 
20070910 

From Cathy: This question was on my daughter's geometry assignment. Write a general rule of formula for finding the number of segments that can be named by a given number of points on a line. For example, 2 points on a line = 1 line segment; 3 points on a line = 3 segments; 5 points on a line = 10 segments. Answered by Penny Nom. 





Standard Deviation 
20070613 

From Adrian: If you are told that the mean salary of a certain group of workers is $30,000 with a standard deviation of $4000, what proportion of workers earn over $38,000? What proportion of workers earn less than $18,000? Assume the distribution of wages is normal. Answered by Stephen La Rocque. 





Water tank volume 
20070529 

From Cecelia: I HAVE A SEMI CIRCULAR TANK AGAINST A WALL MEASURING 6'10" ACROSS THE WIDEST PART AND 3' FROM THE WALL TO THE FRONT OF THE TANK. THE DEPTH IS 14". PLEASE HELP ME TO CALCULATE THE VOLUME OF WATER IN THE TANK. Answered by Stephen La Rocque. 





An augmented matrix 
20070213 

From Mary: I've been trying for quite some time now to figure this out. I have to solve this by using the GaussJordan Method: 3x  y = 15 2x + 3y = 10 Can anyone help me? Answered by Penny Nom and Gabriel Potter. 





Line segments on dot paper 
20070121 

From Khaori: The three line segments below are drawn on centimeter dot paper.
a. Find the length of each segment to the nearest tenthousandth of a centimeter. b. Could these line segments be arranged to form a triangle? If no, explain why or why not. If yes, answer this question: could they form a right triangle? Explain why or why not. Answered by Penny Nom. 





Sigma notation 
20061205 

From Marie: how do i get this in sigma notation...i only need an explanation 1^2 + (2+3)^2 + (4+5+6)^2 + (7+8+9+10)^2.... Answered by Penny Nom. 





How many line segments are necessary? 
20061004 

From Varun: If you place 35 points on a piece of paper so that no three are collinear, how many line segments are necessary to connect each point to all the others? Answered by Stephen La Rocque. 





The area of part of a circle 
20060529 

From Larry: need to find area of a circle between a given line (cord) to the circumference of the circle (see attachment). I often review blue prints of homes and many times have to know the area the home. Answered by Stephen La Rocque and Penny Nom. 





A line segment connecting two vertices of a polygon 
20050202 

From James: What is a line segment (not a side) connecting two vertices of a polygon called? Answered by Penny Nom. 





The radius of a circle 
20040824 

From Peter: If you slice any circle with a line, and call the distance of the line between intersections the "y" length and the perpendicular length to the shorter side of the curve the "x" length, what is the resulting equation for the radius? Answered by Penny Nom. 





Row echelon form 
20040724 

From Michael: My name is Michael and I'm in the 11th grade. I have a Math question that I can't solve. The problem is system of equations that I need to do in augmented matrix form, find the row echelon form, and solve it by using back substitution.
2x + 3y + 7z =13
3x + 2y  5z = 22
5x+ 7y  3z = 28 Answered by Penny Nom. 





Augmented matrix 
20021231 

From Michelle: I am trying to augment a matrix so that i can find the values of the variables a, b, and c. For the life of me i can't find a solution to the matrix: 3 5 2 ' 22 2 3 1 ' 9 4 3 3 ' 1 I thank you for your help, Michelle Answered by Penny Nom. 





An augmented matrix 
20020420 

From A student: Hi my math teacher asked us to solve an augmented matrix. I am in twelfth grade and need help. The book we are working on is college algebra. Here it is a+2b+c=0 2a+5b+4c=1 ab9c=5 Answered by Penny Nom. 





Sigma 
20010331 

From A student: What does the Sigma symbol mean in mathematics? Answered by Penny Nom. 





Partitioning of an arbitrary line segment 
20010208 

From David: Did Euclid's Geometry include a construction for the regular partitioning of an arbitrary line segment? Answered by Chris Fisher. 





A system of equations in five unknowns 
20000320 

From Will: I have been having some problem with the following question for some time. I would appreciate any help on solving the problem or a solution. Q: Assume that a system of equations in the unknowns x1, x2, x3, x4 and x5 when converted to row echelon form gives . . . Answered by Penny Nom. 





Énigme 
20080406 

From Frédérique: Tu es dans une pièce ou il y a 3 interrupteurs reliés a 3 lumières dans une autre pièce que tu ne vois pas.Comment faistu pour savoir a quelle lumière chacun des interrupteurs est relié si tu ne peux aller voir dans l'autre pièce qu'une seule fois!Merci a l'avance!!! Answered by Claude Tardif. 





Le terme suivants 
20080330 

From jacques: voici 2 suites. Explique la logique qui permet de passer d'un terme a l'autre dans chacune des suites et trouve le terme suivants. 1)douze,5,trente,6,neuf,4,seize,... no.2) 26,vx,18,dt,36,tx,51,... Answered by Maxime Fortier Bourque. 





La longueur des segments formant un triangle 
19991005 

From Michel Provencher: Connaissant la longueur des segments formant un triangle,comment détermineton chacun de ses angles si:  il S'agit d'un triangle rectangle
Sachant que la somme des angles d'un triangle est de 180 degrés et sachant par conséquant qu'un des angle est de 90 degrés (triangle rectangle) il reste donc, 90 degrés à partager entre les 2 angles restant. Si les 2 segments formant l'angle droit sont de même longueur on obtient un angle de 45 degrés pour les angles restant soit 1/2 angle droit ce qui ne me pose évidement aucun problème. Quel relation, S'il y en a une, y a til entre la longueur de ces 2 segments et les angles restants.  il S'agit d'un triangle quelconque
Answered by Claude Tardif. 

