







Shooting a ball at a target 
20160216 

From Thys: Hi
I have a problem with the formula that i use .(for programming)
I have looked all over the web to find a solution but no luck.
I have a cannon that shoots a ball at a target
I use this formula to calculate what my initial velocity must be to hit the target
at a angle of 30 degrees and a distance of 15m (the cannon and target position is known)
It works perfectly if both is at same height but if one is higher or lower it miss.
In an example I am working with the range is 30m, the angle is 45 degrees and the target is 10m higher than my position.
Please help
Formula = V0 = √RG / Sin(2α) Answered by Harley Weston. 





The diameter and circumference of a circle 
20150901 

From Tracey: Hello,
I own a custom workroom, I am figuring out fabric quantities or an estimate. When
at the job site, I forgot to measure the diameter of the semi circle shape that I have to
make a cushion for!!!
If the circumference of the semi circle is 165" what would the diameter be, maybe half
this measurement????
I appreciate any help...I basically need the width from left to right to see if I can fit
the cushion on one width of fabric that is 52" wide! Answered by Penny Nom. 





Stopping distance 
20150211 

From Audrey: A Harley Davidson motor cycle weighing 650 lbs with a rider weighing 175 bs
was going 40 miles per hour. He had to make a sudden stop . Slammed on brakes. How long a distance for him to stop? Answered by Penny Nom. 





The cost before the sales tax 
20140413 

From Juanda: Hello,
I know the customer cost with tax and I know the sales tax.
How do I find out the customer cost prior to the added sales tax?
Thank you Answered by Penny Nom. 





Rolls of window film 
20140214 

From Travis: This question is probably close to the same question as "roll of paper"
We have Rolls of Window Film that we are trying to figure out an equation for a spreadsheet that we can use to "inventory" our window film.
We use a caliper tool to measure the thickness of the roll in millimeters.
the core thickness = 1.90mm
Full Roll thickness(including core) = 9.08mm to 9.12mm
Film thickness = 0.06
Full Roll of Film is supposed to average 1200" of film
What equation could we use to get the approximate inches left remaining on the roll if we measured the roll including the core with the Caliper tool in Millimeters? Answered by Harley Weston. 





conical lamp stand/staved wood 
20131207 

From Henry: need to make lamp stand that is wooden staved; need it to be 25 inches at bottom and 10 inches at top; need to know angles for staves to be cut; the lamp stand will be rounded on a lathe and will be 40 inches tall John Lucas built one and it is pictured on his web page. thank you for any help/direction; I checked out the answered for cone shaped objects on your page but didn't find what I could use. thanks again. Henrywoodturner, parent teacher student . . . . . Answered by Harley Weston. 





GST and PST 
20130722 

From Bev: Total sales revenues are 116391.38 this amount includes 5% GST and 80% of this amount includes a 7% provincial tax. The other 20% is PST exempt. GST is included in all. How do I figure the PST I owe? Answered by Penny Nom. 





How do i reverse this formula? 
20130420 

From MK: I have 22,000,000 worth of gold and wants to want to resell the gold back with a profit.
Each transaction of gold will have a transaction fee of 15%, so if i resell the gold back at 22,000,000, I will only get back 18,700,000 after 15% transaction cut.
The current formula is X15%X = Y where X = 22,000,000 and Y = 18,700,000
Will u be able to come up with a new formula if we don't know the value of X but we know the value of Y
Something like this X15%X = 22,000,000.
How do i reverse this formula to find the value of X
Thanks Answered by Penny Nom. 





What is the subtotal & GST? 
20130304 

From REBECCA: Hi, I have a total of $300.
What is the subtotal & GST?
How do I work backwards? Answered by Penny Nom. 





A label to cover a plastic cup 
20121023 

From Kevin: I'm trying to make a label to cover the entire outer area or a plastic cup. I know there must be a way to figure out the dimensions needed, but I can't seem to figure it out. The circumference of the bottom of the cup is 21.4cm and the circumference at the top of the cup is 29.8cm. The cup is 14.5cm tall. What should the height of the arc from the plane connecting the two ends of the 21.4cm arc. I attached a diagram where x is the value I'm looking for. I'm guessing there is some simple relationship between the length of a line and the arc needed to turn that line into a perfect circle, but I don't know what it is. Can you figure this out and share it with me? Thanks.
Kevin Answered by Penny Nom. 





A tank with an inner walled compartment 
20121012 

From don: I have a tank 20 feet diameter, 19' 8" tall with an inner walled compartment that has a 7' 6" radius arc with in the tank. I need to figure out the volume of the inner area and the volume of the larger area. Answered by Harley Weston. 





Making a wind sock 
20120828 

From John: I am trying to build a wind sock and need to be able to lay the shape
out on cloth. I need the wind sock front opening (diameter) to be
3 1/2" and the rear opening diameter to be 1". The windsock needs
to be 9 1/2" long. I tried using the example of the person trying to
make a crayfish trap but got confused and could not figure out my
numbers. Any help would be greatly appreciated.
Thanks
John Answered by Penny Nom. 





A tapestry rod on a curved wall 
20120814 

From Marlyn: I have a curved wall with a radius of 6'. I am trying to have a 36" rod made to hang a tapestry and need to figure out the degree measure of the arc.
Can you help me please? Answered by Penny Nom. 





A 10 inch circle using 2x4s 
20120519 

From Ralph: I want to form a 10" circle with 4"high pieces of 2 x4's. If each 2x4 piece sit next to each other,What degree would I have to cut
each side of the 2x4's, and how many would I need to form a 10 inch circle. I know there is a formula for this out there somewhere. Answered by Harley Weston. 





Measuring the liquid in a horizontal tank 
20120228 

From Philip: I have a steel gas tank that is 3' dia X 5' length. The total volume is 1000 litres.
But how much is left when I use a stick and measure 6" from the bottom or 12" or 24" ??
Is there a formula to use for this task?
Thanks. Answered by Harley Weston. 





A stained glass lamp 
20110725 

From Guy: Like Kay, I also work in stained glass, but in 3dimensions. I am
frequently asked to replicate lamp shades in stained glass where the
diameter of the top is different (narrower) from the diameter of the
bottom (which is wider). Some people want 5, 6, 7, 8, 10, 12, 16, ,,,
nsided shades. Is there a formula I can use to determine the width
of the sides using the angle, if I remember correctly, I think it's
called theta. In other words, is there a formula where I can plug
in the angle which describes the arc of the circle. For instance, if
someone asks for a 7 sided shade, plugging in 51.43 (360/7). I
could then use that to determine the width at the top and bottom
rings to create the appropriate trapezoids. I've visited a few sites
so the formula looks like its a function of sin & cos but they are
presented like proofs for teaching. Your site appears to want to
actually answer questions without making the inquirer feel stupid. Answered by Harley Weston. 





The height of a fluid in a horizontal tank 
20110724 

From jason: Same set up as many others, cylindrical tank on its side, but I am interested in defining the change in volume and/or fluid level as a function of time at a constant volumetric outflow. I plan on hooking a pump to the tank so "gpms' will be constant. I have a couple different sized tanks and pumps so I want a general equation. Thanks for your help. Answered by Harley Weston. 





The length of a belt around three pulleys 
20110518 

From Grant: I need to calculate the belt length around these pulleys, please can you
help or refer me?
Known variables
D  Large Pulley Diameter
d  Small Pulley Diameter
c  Center Distance between D and d
T  Tension Pulley Diameter
x  Horizontal Distance between T and d' Centers
y  Vertical Distance between T and d's Centers
I need to calculate the belt length around these pulleys.
Kind Regards,
Grant Answered by Harley Weston. 





Calibrating a conical tank 
20110205 

From Bill: Hi, I have a round tank with tapered sides where I know the diameter at the top and bottom. Is there a formula I can use to calculate the volume by measuring from the bottom up the side (at the angle of the side) to any given point? Thanks, Bill Answered by Stephen La Rocque and Penny Nom. 





A fence around a water tank 
20110201 

From Heath: I am building a fence around a water tank. the fence is to be in the shape of a normal octagon. The tank has a circumference of 57 ' 6''. I would like the fence to be 3 ft from the tank at the skinny point . How would I calculate(for the simple guy) where to set each of my 4x4 posts at the 8 corners. Any help would be greatly appreciated. Answered by Harley Weston. 





An octagon shaped bench 
20100709 

From rob: i am trying to build a octagon shaped bench to fit inside a 69 inch round hot tub so that the tip of each point touches the edge of the circle where it will be fastened. Answered by Stephen La Rocque. 

