







Ratios and proportions 
20170801 

From khurram: what is ratio and proportion? please give a detailed note on this topic, i am really panic of these calculations Answered by Penny Nom. 





4 carpenters can build 8 houses in 10 days. 
20160405 

From Kenneth: Hello:
Here is my question:
4 carpenters can build 8 houses in 10 days. 2 carpenters can build how many houses in 15 days?
Here is one solution:
The number of houses built is jointly proportional to the number of carpenters and the number of days. So h = kcd where k is a constant. Substituting the given: 8 = k*40, so k = 1/5. Our formula is then h = cd/5. I'm not sure how to determine whether or not one unit is jointly proportional to any other unit.
However, if 2 carpenters are unknown as in 4 carpenters can build 8 houses in 10 days. How many carpenters can build 6 houses in 15 days? What is the solution using this method? And likewise, if days are unknown, as in 4 carpenters can build 8 houses in 10 days. 2 carpenters can build 6 houses in how many days?
I thank you for your assistance. Answered by Penny Nom. 





The train fares are proportional to the square root of distance traveled 
20140111 

From manish: train fares are proportional to the sq .root of distance traveled. the train fare is Rs. 24.4 for a distance of 140 kms. by how much % does the total fare increase if the same distance is covered by breaking the journey after every 35 kms. Answered by Penny Nom. 





Proportional rates 
20131010 

From Varsha: A province's Ministry of Social services has found that both the number of people needing social assistance and the province's total expenditures on social assistance are proportional to the rate of unemployment. Last August when the provincial unemployment rate was 8.4 %, the province provided assistance to 89,300 individuals at a total cost of 4107.4 million. The forecast unemployment rate for next August is 7.9%. How many people can the province expect to need social assistance next August? What amount should the province budget for social assistance in August? Answered by Penny Nom. 





18/y=30/25 what number does y represent 
20130720 

From celeste: 18/y=30/25 what number does y represent Answered by Penny Nom. 





A silver figurine 
20130503 

From Renee: I have a silver figurine, the density of silver is 10.5g/cm3. if the figurine weighed 149 g. to determine the volume, he dropped it into a cylindrical glas of water. the diameter of the glass is 6 cm and the figurine was pure silver, by how much should the water level in the glass rise? Answered by Penny Nom. 





Sharing in a car rental 
20130409 

From Marilyn: 8 persons are planning to share equally the cost of a rental car.
If 1 person withdraws from the arrangement and the others share
equally the entire cost of the car, then the share of each of the
remaining persons is increased by? Answered by Penny Nom. 





If 4 cooks can bake 8 pies in 6 hours????? 
20130318 

From Kenneth: Hello:
I want to determine which quantities are directly and inversely proportional in order to determine the answer for the following:.
If 4 cooks can bake 8 pies in 6 hours, 2 cooks can bake how many pies in 4 hours?
Answer: 2 2/3 pies
Can someone fully explain what I need to know in order to determine what is directly and inversely proportional in the example above?
I thank you for your reply. Answered by Robert Dawson. 





The dimensions of a rectangle are in the ratio 5:3 
20130308 

From SM: 4. The dimensions of a rectangle are in the ratio 5:3. If the longer side is 18 cm,
a) What is the length of the shorter side?
b) What is the area of the rectangle? Answered by Penny Nom. 





Sharing the profit 
20120514 

From Mafiza: A and B started a business by investing $6000 and $8000 respectively. At the end of the year, a profit of $2100 is made. How much amount will A get as his share of profit? Answered by Penny Nom. 





The length is inversely proportional to the width 
20120318 

From David: For a given set of rectangles, the length is inversely proportional to the width. In one of these rectangles, the length is12 and the width is 6. For this set of rectangles, calculate the width of a rectangle whose length is 9 Answered by Penny Nom. 





If x ix directly proportional to y then ... 
20120219 

From Crystal: I understand that we say x and y are proportional, then y = kx.
Generally when we say x is proportional to y, we think that when x increases y increases.
Now I am questioning whether that is actually true.
If k is negative, then when x increases, y DECREASES.
My question is does this mean this statement is incorrect:
If x is proportional to y, when x increases, y increases proportionally.
Is it more correct to say:
If x is proportional to y, when x increases, y either increases proportionally or decreases proportionally.
Along the same line of reasoning, when x is inversely proportional to y,
we think that when x increases y decreases, but that is true only if k is positive.
Is that correct? Answered by Harley Weston. 





Fractions and proportions 
20120216 

From Kenneth: Hello:
I read the following in an old textbook:
Display the numbers 27, 18, 26, and 39 so as to form a proportion.
Which set of equal fractions is correct?
18/27 = 26/39
18/26 = 27/39
I thank you for your reply. Answered by Penny Nom. 





Four carpenters can build eight houses in 10 days. 
20111123 

From Kenneth: Four carpenters can build eight houses in 10 days.
Two carpenters can build how many houses in 15 days? Answered by Penny Nom. 





Dividing the profits 
20110419 

From Tracy: I need to know how to come up with the answers to the following problems. I need to be able to show my work. So can you help me on how to come up with the answers to questions like these. Thanks.
Three individuals form a partnership and agree to divide the profits equally. X invests
$9,000, Y invests $7,000, Z invests $4,000. If the profits are $4,800, how much less
does x receive compared to having the profits divided in proportion to the amounts
invested by X, Y, and Z?
In printing an article of 48,000 words, a printer decides to use two sizes of type. Using the
larger type, a printed page contains 1,800 words. Using a smaller type, a page contains
2,400 words. The article is allotted 21 full pages in a magazine. How many pages must be
in smaller type? ___________
thank you Answered by Penny Nom. 





Standard Deviation from a Proportion 
20100608 

From silvestre: A large company finds that approximately 17% of all purchases are returned for credit. If the company sells 100,000 different items this year, about how many items will be returned. Find the Standard Deviation. Answered by Janice Cotcher. 





Who is more extravagant? 
20100601 

From likhitha: kunal and ramit have Rs.40 and Rs.50 respectively. Kunal spends
Rs.18 and ramit spends Rs.21.Who is more extravagant ? Answered by Penny Nom. 





Ratios and proportions with mixed units 
20100513 

From Kenneth: Is it incorrect to have a proportion with numbers containing units that are not the same on both sides of the equal sign?
Here is an example: $0.07/$1.00 = ?/$0.89 is okay, but if I add a different unit (20 ounces) to one side of the equal sign but not the same unit to the other, is the proportion incorrect?
$0.07/$1.00 = ?/$0.89/20 ounces.
In order to determine the missing amount, the calculation becomes ($0.07/$1.00)/$0.89/20 ounces = $?, but is this proportion correct with the units as they are?
Two dollarunits cancel leaving dollar/ounces equals $?/ounces, but is this correct? Answered by Robert Dawson. 





Splitting the mortgage payment 
20100409 

From Jodi: What percentage of $2,500.00 (monthly mortgage payment)would I pay per month  if I make $2,200.00 per month and my partner makes $6000.00 per month?
Thank you. Answered by Tyler Wood. 





If 2 is to 55, then 6 is to ? 
20100304 

From patty: Example,
If 2 is to 55, then 6 is to ? How do I begin to figure this out, is is an algebra formula? Answered by Penny Nom. 





Proportionality 
20100227 

From Nazrul: If a is proportional to b then how can I prove that (a^2b^2) is proportional to ab. Please show me the process in details. Answered by ms. Dame and Tyler Wood. 





Proportionality 
20091103 

From Nazrul: If x is proportional to y , how can I prove that (x^2y^2) is proportional to xy.
Please explain the process. Answered by Penny Nom. 





Proportionality 
20090629 

From Nazrul: If x is proportional to y and y is proportional to z , how can I prove that (x^2+y^2)^3/2 is proportional to z^3 Answered by Harley Weston. 





Direct, inverse and indirect proportionality 
20090304 

From Brian: My 14 year old is confused about indirectly proportional and inversely proportional. On searching on the internet we were directed to:
http://mathcentral.uregina.ca/QQ/database/QQ.09.00/ellis1.html
Here leanne starts explaining indirectly proportional and ends up describing inversely proportional. Has Leanne got it wrong ?
What is indirectly proportional.
Thanks
Brian Answered by Chris Fisher. 





Scaling a logo 
20081020 

From Carl: Hello!
I hope that you can help me out here. I've been trying to figure this out for awhile now and can't come up with the answer logically.
I am a graphic designer by trade and need to figure out how large my client's logo should be.
The logo will need to be sized proportionally with the surface area of the page.
The logo will always be sized at 1.2938(w) x .75(h) on a letter size page (8.5 x 11).
My question is...
When you increase the size of the page (not always proportionally sized  dimensionally) how do figure out the NEW size of the logo.
I could have a page 20" x 40" or 30' x 4'... or ANY size really.
I believe I have the new surface area of the logo but can't find the new dimensions. Answered by Harley Weston. 





Similar Triangles Given a Median 
20080817 

From RAM: Sides AB , AC and median AD of a triangle ABC are respectively proportional to
PQ PR and median PM of another triangle PQR. Show that ABC is similar to PQR Answered by Janice Cotcher. 





Fish in a pond 
20080628 

From Peter: At the beginning of a study 24 fish are caught, tagged, and released back into a large pond containing fish. A few days later, 19 fish are caught from the pond and three of them have tags. Using this ratio, how many total fish would you expect to be living in the pond?
The answer is 152. Why is that? Answered by Leeanne Boehm. 





Mathematics in cooking 
20080315 

From Emily: What forms of Mathematics are used in Cooking? Answered by Harley Weston. 





Arithmetic means and geometric means 
20070404 

From Dani: Hi!
I was just wondering why the arithmetic mean of sets of numbers is larger than the mean proportional of the same numbers?
Thanks!
Dani Answered by Haley Ess. 





Ratios, proportions and medicine 
20061025 

From Steven: I don't understand why we need to learn about ratios and proportions because i want to become a doctor and i don't know if i'll ever use this type of math. Answered by Penny Nom, Claude Tardif and Walter Whiteley. 





If a person who weighs 270 pounds on Earth 
20060510 

From Chloe: If a person who weighs 270 pounds on Earth weighs 45 pounds in space, how much would a person weigh in space who weighs 132 pounds on Earth? Answered by Stephen La Rocque and Penny Nom. 





Cutting off the top of a triangle 
20060222 

From Ken: I'm a creative type who needs to find how you can determine the horizontal, relative percentages within a triangle. Attached is a pdf showing approximately the
50% line, but I'd like to know how to determine any percentage (horizontally) within a triangle . I know that if I put a horizontal line though the height of the triangle I won't be showing 50% above and 50% below. The bottom part has to be larger (correct me if I'm wrong).
I'm not concerned about height as I am wanting to break down the percentages into 60% at the bottom, 25% in the middle and 15% at the top.
Answered by Penny Nom. 





Jobs relating to the topics of ratios and proportions 
20050517 

From Alexa: What are some jobs relating to the topics of ratios and proportions other than architects and map makers? Answered by Walter Whiteley. 





Ratios and rates 
20041027 

From Kenneth: What is the difference between a ratio and a rate? Answered by Penny Nom. 





Ratio and proportion 
20040402 

From Kenneth: The terms of a ratio in a proportion are often expressed as a is to b as c is to d.
Example: 2/4 = 6/12 this proportion represents that 2 is to 4 as 6 is to 12.
What does the "a is to b as c is to d" really represent or indicate in ratios? Answered by Claude Tardif. 





Some ratio problems 
20040313 

From Hossen:
1) After James spent 2/5 of his pocket money on magazines, and 1/4 of his pocket money at a football match, he had £1.75 left. How much pcket money did he have in the beginning?
2) A joint of Lamb costs £5.95 per/kg. The price per kilogram is reduced. A joint weighing 1.2kg is reduced by 50p.
A) What is the reduced price per kilogram?
c Answered by Penny Nom. 





Ratios and proportions 
20031231 

From Frank: I would like to know how you use 'ratios and proportions' in everyday life. Answered by Penny Nom. 





Knitting gauge and felting 
20031027 

From Sara:
I wish to create a pattern to knit an item that will then be felted, thus, shrink as a result. In order to determine the proper gauge to use in creating the item, I produced a gauge swatch, noted the original properties and then the postfelting properties. They are as follow: Before Felting: 20 stitches(width) x 20 rows(height)yielded: Gauge: 3.2 stitches(width) and 4 rows(height) = 1" Dimensions: 6.25"(width) x 5.25"(height) After Felting: 20 stitches(width) x 20 rows(height) Dimensions: 4"(width) x 3"(height) How do I calculate the percentage change in size to accurately determine the number of stitches and rows needed to produce the desired dimensions for the finished (felted) item? Answered by Penny Nom. 





Two numbers have a ratio of 5:3 
20030101 

From Patricia: Two numbers have a ratio of 5:3. The larger number is 36 more than half the difference of the two numbers. What are the two numbers? Answered by Penny Nom. 





Monthly rent 
20020904 

From Al: How do you figure monthly rent if the charge is 11.00 per sq. ft. and there are 1,000 sq. feet? Answered by Leeanne Boehm. 





20 men dig 40 holes in 60 days 
20020724 

From Lindsey: 20 men dig 40 holes in 60 days. So, 10 men can dig 10 holes in how many days? Answered by Penny Nom. 





Ratios 
20020417 

From A student:
 Medication is givin at 1cc. per 20 pounds of body weight. A dog weighs 16 pounds how many ccs. of medication does the dog get?
 Dr. Lee wants you to prepare 1000 ml. of a 10% dextrose solution in lactaed ringers for diuresis or a patient you have a 1 L bag of lactated ringers and 500 ml of 50% dextrose for injection. How would you prpare the solution?
Answered by Penny Nom. 





Ratios and proportions 
20011126 

From Adam: I am doing a project where I come to this website and ask a math expert about a certain topic. My topic is ratios and proportions. Can you please tell me what your job is and how you use ratio's and proportions in your job. Can you also please explain what ratios and proportions are. Answered by Harley Weston. 





A sample size problem 
20011028 

From Charles: The U.S Transportation Dept. will randomly sample traffic reports to estimate the proportion of accidents involving people over the age of 70. The Dept. has no advance estimate of this proportion. how many reports should the dept select to be atleast 97% confident that the estimate is within .01 of the true proportion? Answered by Harley Weston. 





Ratio and proportion 
20011010 

From Steve: Where would you use a proportion and/or a ratio in a real life job or problem. Answered by Leeanne Boehm and Walter Whiteley. 





Logs for the fire 
20010502 

From Tom: Three girls named Amanda, Beatrice, and Cleo visit a summer cottage. Amanda brings 5 logs for the fire, Beatrice brings 3 logs and Cleo contributes 80 cents. How should the money be divided among the other two girls so that each of the three is felt to have contributed equally to the cost of the fire. Answered by Penny Nom. 





A confidence interval 
20010426 

From Kim: A poll asked 1528 adults if they were in favor of the death penalty, 1238 said yes, find 99% confidence level for percent of all adult who are in favor of the death penalty. Answered by Andrei Volodin. 





Ratios 
20010220 

From Louise: there are 3 people and they decide to share their tips (working in a restaurant) ann gets £180 tony £130 peter £90 total amount is £36 what share should they get. Answered by Penny Nom. 





Proportionality: direct and indirect 
20010118 

From Nancy Ellis: What is the difference between directly proportional and indirectly proportional? Answered by Leeanne Boehm. 





When did the man go out? 
20001214 

From Rajesh: A man goes out in time between 5 and 6 and when he comes back he observes that two hands have interchanged position. Find when the man did go out? Answered by Penny Nom. 





Three problems 
20001214 

From Sarah: Hi, my name is Sarah, and I'm asking this question on behalf of niece who is in secondary two. Thank you. Q1. What is the angle formed by the hour hand and the minute hand of a 12 hour clock at 5.50pm. . . . Answered by Penny Nom. 





Direct and inverse variation 
20001212 

From Ashley: I'm stuck on this unit of direct and inverse variation..please and my problems and show me how to do each PLEASE!!! Assume that y varies directly as x If y= 4 when x = 2, find y when x= 6 Assume that y varies inversely as x If y =4 when x=2, find y when x =6 Answered by Penny Nom. 





Cutting the lawn 
20001026 

From Kacie: Ellen can mow a lawn in 2 hours. Mary can mow the same lawn in 1.5 hours. How long would it take them to mow the lawn together? Answered by Penny Nom. 





Working together on a job 
20001023 

From Nicole: WORKING TOGETHER ON A JOB: Patrice, by himself can paint 4 rooms in 10 hours. If he hires April to help they can do the same job together in 6 hours. If he lets April work alone , how long will it take her to paint 4 rooms? Answered by Claude Tardif. 





The scale on a map 
20001021 

From Caroline: On a map scale of 1:15000 the distance between two buildings is 31.4cm what is the actual distance in km. Answered by Penny Nom. 





Sunflower seeds 
20001009 

From A parent: Find the number of 3/4 pound of sunflower seeds that can be filled with 225 pounds of sunflower seeds Answered by Penny Nom. 





Making milkshakes 
20000904 

From Linda: To make a chocolate milkshake, 3 parts chocolate syrup are mixed with 2 parts malt. To make a vanilla milkshake, 2 parts vanilla syrup are mixed with 1 part malt. If equal parts chocolate and vanilla milkshakes are mixed, what is the proportion of malt to milkshake? Answered by Penny Nom. 





Six typists 
20000819 

From Paula Duncan: If it takes a typist 4.5 hours to type 860 words, how many hours would it take 6 typist to do 16800 words? Answered by Penny Nom. 





Ratios 
20000111 

From Cyndi:
My name is Cyndi and i am in middle school in the 8th grade. The questions i am about to ask come from my book. My return address is PR_Angel1@yahoo.com The directions on a can of lemonade mix say to use 8 tablespoons of mix to make 2 quarts of lemonade. Heathcliff wants to make 7 quarts of lemonade. How many tablespoons of mix should he use? and In a recent year, the ratio of men to women in the United States armed forces were about 9 to 1  if there are 90 men in a random group of military personnel, how many women would you expect to find in the group?
 in a group of 90 military personnel, how many of them would you expect to be women?
 what percent of armed forces personnel were women in that year?
Answered by Penny Nom. 





Ratios and proportions 
19991119 

From Rebecca: I'm not that good of a student and I was woundering if there is a shortcut to ratios and proportion. My 6th grade teach tought all we needed to know. I was just wounder if there was an easier way. Answered by Claude Tardif and Harley Weston. 





Percentages 
19990923 

From Pete Cornejo: Hello, I was wondering if you could help me with a question? Yesterday my daughter came to me and asked if I could help her solve these three problems.  18 percent of 25 is what?
 18 percent is what of 25?
 25 is what percent of 18?
Answered by Walter Whiteley. 





Rolling a seven 
19980611 

From Bruce Thompson: What is the probablity of rolling two dice and it coming out as seven? a) 1/6 b) 1/36 please give me the correct awnser and explain please. Answered by Harley Weston. 





Ratios. 
19971126 

From Jennifer Kim: I am a grade 12 math student who would like to know if there is an easy way to solve In a school the ratio of the number of Grade 11 students to the number of grade 12 students is 4:3. If there were 5 fewer students in grade 11 and 3 more students in grade 12, the ratio would be 7:6. How many students in each grade? Answered by Penny Nom. 





Problème avec rapport point, prix... 
20050908 

From Nico:
Le prix d'un diamant est proportionnel au carré de son poinds. Un diamant de 0.45 g vaut 7500euros.
1. Combie coute un diamant de 0.693 g ?
2. Quel est le poids d'une diamant valant 45000 euros ?
Je vous demande pas de le raisoudre à ma place mais j'aimeré comprendre comment je peut calculé le rapport entre le point et le prix.
Answered by Claude Tardif. 





Le prix d'un diamant est proportionnel au carré de son poinds 
20050907 

From Nico:
Le prix d'un diamant est proportionnel au carré de son poinds. Un diamant de 0.45 g vaut 7500euros.
1. Combie coute un diamant de 0.693 g ?
2. Quel est le poids d'une diamant valant 45000 euros ?
Je vous demande pas de le raisoudre à ma place mais j'aimeré comprendre comment je peut calculé le rapport entre le point et le prix.
Answered by Claude Tardif. 

