







Pre tax and post tax percentages 
20180522 

From Tom: Hi,
I work in a clothes shop which can also do mailorders. My Head Office
has sent a report with which we can check the records we keep in store
tally with those at HO.
According to that report we have taken £2578.25 in orders, excluding VAT (20%),
which would therefore be £3093.91 including VAT (2578.25+20%=3093.91).
According to my records, we have taken £3179.32 including VAT, which would be
£2543.45 excluding VAT (3179.3220%=2543.45).
Why is it that the difference between the VAT inclusive figures (3179.323093.91) is +£85.41, but
the difference between the VAT exclusive figures (2543.452578.26) is £34.81?
Now, I can see from the report that 1 order has not been recorded by HO, and I
know that our average order value is around £30, so the £34.81 makes sense.
But surely both figures should be a minus, regardless of whether they include VAT?
I'm sure there is an obvious answer, but I just cannot see it! Any help would be gratefully
received.
Thanks,
Tom Answered by Penny Nom. 





Two expressions for the perimeter of a a rectangle 
20180513 

From Slayde: A rectangular house has one side 4 metres longer than the other. Create two different expressions for its perimeter. The expressions should be given in factorised and expanded form. Answered by Penny Nom. 





Simplify 1/2^i 
20180128 

From Deepak: How do I simplify this complex equation:
z=1/(2^i) Answered by Penny Nom. 





y as an expression in terms of x 
20180120 

From Mark: What is y as an expression in terms of x ? Answered by pennt. 





8^3/2(2+2) 
20170113 

From Mary: 8^3/2(2+2) Answered by Penny Nom. 





The amount of material remaining on a roll 
20161111 

From Yoh:
Question from Yoh:
Hello,
I am trying to find impressions on a roll (either full roll or partial).
Let's say I have the following information.
 Outer Diameter of roll
 Inner Diameter of roll (cardboard core)
 thickness per layer
 Each cut off length (impression length)
Now let's say a roll has a 40in outer diameter, the cardboard core has a 3.75in diameter and a thickness of .002. Each impression has a cut off of 14inches.
With this the roll will have approximately 2,700 impressions. How would I find the remaining impressions if the outer diameter of the roll is only 6.5inches?
Thank you. Answered by Penny Nom. 





A mixed number as a percent 
20161018 

From Jayda: how go you change a mixed number into a percent
Ex. 3 3/4 Answered by Penny Nom. 





Compressed Earth blocks 
20160302 

From John: how many 14"x10"x4" blocks do I need for a 1300sq foot house 8 foot high Answered by Penny Nom. 





The uniqueness of the lub 
20151025 

From Aishwarya: Prove that if the lub and glb of a set exist then they are unique Answered by Penny Nom. 





Why is the area of square not conserved when it changes to a rhombus? 
20150628 

From shubham: Why is the area of square not conserved when it changes to a rhombus, both have equal sides still rhombus have less area than square.?? Answered by Penny Nom. 





1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 x 0 + 1 = ? 
20150618 

From Sharon: 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 x 0 + 1 = ?
I got 1 as my answer despite BODMAS making it 12 because logic tells
me I ought to place brackets around the first set of repeated addition. Could you
please clarify this for me? Thank you 😊 Answered by Harley Weston. 





An angle of depression problem 
20150514 

From haxir: find the height of the balloon directly above a town if the measure of angle of depression of another town 5km from the first town is 20°!6` Answered by Penny Nom. 





Angles of elevation and depression 
20150308 

From Timmy: Joel is walking down a street and sees a 115 ft tall building in front of him. He stops 190 feet from the base of the building at the tip of the building's shadow. Round answers to three decimal places.
A. If there was a piece of rope from the top of the building to Joel, how long would it be?
B. What is the angle of elevation from Joel to the top of the building?
C. Margaret says that she could find the angle of depression from the top of the building to Joel by subtracting the angle of elevation from 90°. Is she correct? Explain. Answered by Penny Nom. 





A man is standing on top of a building 
20150306 

From kiki: a man of height 1.5m standing on top of a building of height 48.5m views another building across the square. he observe that the angle of depression of the bottom of the building is 40 degrees and the angle of depression of the top of the building is 5 degrees. Both buildings stand on the same level
a) calculate the distance of the man from the base of the building across the square measured along the line of sight Answered by Penny Nom. 





3 over "x" plus 5 
20150223 

From Kenny: 3 over "x" plus 5. I don't know this is either a polynomial and if so how would you define it. Answered by Harley Weston. 





128/(16)/(2) 
20150128 

From jackie: 128/(16)/(2) I was wondering if you can show me how to work this question out Answered by Harley Weston. 





The height of a building 
20150120 

From Emily: A man 2m high observes the angle of elevation to the top of the building to be 70 degrees. And the angle of depression to the bottom of the building to be 19 degrees. How tall is the building? Answered by Robert Dawson. 





What is 20 and 3/5 of 10? 
20141126 

From Jeannine: What is 20 and 3/5 of 10? Question is written exactly this way.
Is this 20 3/5 times 10 (103/5 times 10), or is it 20 and (3/5 times 10)? Answered by Penny Nom. 





Pre algebra 
20141012 

From mohamed: i want to know the meaning of pre algebra Answered by Penny Nom. 





The angle of depression 
20140308 

From Ranger_minor: A woman of height 1.4 metres standing
on the top of a building 34.6 metres high
views a tree some distance away.
she observes that the angle of depression of the bottom of the tree
is 35 degrees and the angle of depression of the top of the tree
is 29 degrees.
assume that the building and the tree are on level ground :
1). calculate the distance of the woman
from the top of the tree measured along her line of sight. Answered by Penny Nom. 





Using trig to find the height of a hill 
20130814 

From Anna: From the top of a hill, the angles of depression of two successive milestones on a level road, which leads straight away from the hill, are 5degrees and 15degrees respectively. Fine the height of the hill.
Suggestion: BE is drawn perpendicular to AD. Find BE, then BD, finally CD.
Thanks :) Answered by Penny Nom. 





Bags of premixed concrete 
20130412 

From Bruce: Hello there,
I need two cubic yards of concrete for a playgound I am
installing for my kids. That much i have figured out. I am stumped
over the number of 25kg bags of premixed concrete i will need
to accomplish my goal.
Your help would be greatly appreciated.
Thanks
Bruce Answered by Harley Weston. 





An algebraic exercise 
20130318 

From autumn: given: f(x)=x/(x^2+2) determine: [f(xh)f(x)]/h Answered by Penny Nom. 





A messy arithmetic expression 
20130224 

From niiaryee: (((((5^2*4^3)1/5+9^3/3)+(25+(4*5)/15)^210)/10/2)3))))) Answered by Penny Nom. 





The angles of elevation and depression 
20121203 

From Chelsey: a person on a balcony of one building looks towards a second building. if the angle of elevation to the top of the second building is 25 degrees, the angle of depression to the bottom of the second building is 17 degrees, and the balcony of the first building is 22 feet above the ground, what is the height of the second building? Answered by Penny Nom. 





A mathematical expression with the answer 7 
20121110 

From emily: hey um i need to find and problem that fallows bedmas that has one division one multiplication and one sub and one add and one brackets and one exponents that has the answer of number 7 Answered by Penny Nom. 





Forming an algebraic expression 
20121027 

From ashley: A sidewalk has a constant width W and comprises several short sections having lengths
12, 14,and 10 feet. How do I find the simplified expression that gives the number of square feet of sidewalk? Answered by Penny Nom. 





Find an algebraic expression 
20121003 

From Karen:
Question from Karen, a parent:
Find an algebraic expression relating the input and output.
input 
output 


3 
1 
9 
3 
15 
5 
21 
7 
27 
9 
Answered by Penny Nom. 





The spread of a rumor 
20120409 

From Roohi: The function f(t) = a/(1+3e^(bt)) has also been used to model the spread of a rumor. Suppose that a= 70 and b=3 0.2. Compute f(2), the percentage of the population that has heard the rumor after 2 hours. Compute f'(2) and describe what it represents. Compute lim t approaches infinity and describe what it represents. Answered by Penny Nom. 





An arithmetic expression 
20111128 

From Muhmmad: 2/5*3/71/6*3/2+1/14*2/5 Answered by Penny Nom. 





The value after 30 years 
20101215 

From Abeth: At the end of every year, the owners of a building which costs 2, 500, 000 pesos deducts 15% from its carrying value as estimated at the beginning of the year. find the estimated value at the end of 30 years. Answered by Penny Nom. 





How many cubic metres of water can safely be stored in the tank? 
20100910 

From susanna: This water tank is a perfect sphere with an inner radius of 12 metres. However, they used inferior materials to build the water tank, and the tank can only withstand a water pressure of 185 kiloPascals. Assume the density of water is exactly 1000 kg/m3, gravity is 9.8 metres/s2, and disregard atmospheric pressure.
How many cubic metres of water can safely be stored in the tank? Round DOWN to the nearest whole number (since rounding up could be catastrophic in this instance!), and please submit only a number with no other information. Answered by Robert Dawson. 





Four less than three times a number is 14 
20100416 

From David: My daughter has two questions that we could use some help with.
First ?
Four less than three times a number is 14
Secound?
The quotient of 15 and w Answered by Penny Nom. 





Metric prefixes 
20100316 

From ali: How do you convert zectometres to yoctometres Answered by Robert Dawson. 





Eye Height Level Found from Visual Angle 
20090807 

From Jolie: Hello,
I am trying to figure out what height from the ground a person's eyes are if they have a 12 degree visual angle to a screen that is 58cm away from their eyes?
Thank you. Answered by Janice Cotcher. 





PreAlgebra Resources 
20090716 

From M: What is the best pre algebra book that is inexpensive and will really help
me to understand pre algebra? Answered by Janice Cotcher. 





x^3+1/x^3=18*sqrt(3) 
20090708 

From Nazrul: If x^3+1/x^3=18*sqrt(3) then how can I evaluate the value of x+1/x?
Thank you for your help. Answered by Robert Dawson. 





Finding Force When Pressure and Area Are Known 
20090625 

From chris: i need to calculate the force for a tube. given the follwing data.
pressure is 900 PSI
Tube is 6 m long by 1.5m Outside Diameter Answered by Janice Cotcher. 





Pressure at Given Depth 
20090222 

From Tamara: A sea is 3km deep. The average density of sea water there is 1020 kg/m^3. What is the water pressure at the bottom? Answered by Janice Cotcher. 





Angle of depression 
20090218 

From Meeka: An aircraft flying at an altitude of 2000m is approaching an airport.
If the angle of depression of the airport is 5 degrees, what is the distance from the plane to the airport measured along the ground?
Round your answer to the nearest tenth of a kilometer. Answered by Robert Dawson. 





The whole number that precedes a number w+3 
20090117 

From Morgan: write a variable expression for
"The whole number that precedes a number w+3" Answered by Penny Nom. 





An expression for q quarters and n nickles 
20090116 

From Morgan: a variable expression for:
"The value in cents of q quarters and n nickels" Answered by Penny Nom. 





Algebraic fractions 
20081006 

From Kayla: (x^29)/x times (x^34x)/(x^2+5x+6) Answered by Harley Weston. 





A security camera 
20080907 

From Rita: A security camera in a neighborhhod carnival is mounted on a wall 9 feet above the floor inside a video gallery. What angle of depression should be used if the camera is to be directed to a spot 6 feet above the floor and 12 feet from the wall? Answered by Stephen La Rocque and Harley Weston. 





An algebraic expression 
20080829 

From Antonio: write a variable expression for 9 less than k Answered by Penny Nom. 





The square root of a fraction 
20080824 

From Lauren: How do you solve square roots of fractions? Does the format change if it is either a proper or an improper fraction?
Ex. the square root of 1/4 or the square roots of 80/25 Answered by Penny Nom. 





How many decimeters are in a meter? 
20080811 

From Julia: How many decimeters are in a meter? Answered by Penny Nom. 





Express as a function of x 
20080714 

From Rita: Express the area A of an isosceles right triangle as a function of x of one of the two equal sides.
NOTE: I always see the phrase "Express as a function of x" in math textbooks.
What exactly does that phrase mean?
I also have seen it written as "Express in terms of x." Answered by Penny Nom. 





1/35/6=1/x, solve for x 
20080501 

From Lavada: 1/35/6=1/x How do I solve this problem. Answered by Penny Nom. 





Simplify 5x^5/8 / 15x^2/12 
20080418 

From Kyler: 5x^5/8 / 15x^2/12 Divide the rational expressions. Simplify the results. Answered by Penny Nom. 





How would I graph: x  2 divided by x^2  4? 
20080319 

From Sean: How would I graph: x  2 divided by x^2  4 using a method in extreme values of
functions or completing the square
x  2/ x^24 Answered by Stephen La Rocque. 





An arithmetic expression 
20080305 

From Kasani: evaluate the expression: 2^1[14  4(6)]  (7  3) Answered by Penny Nom. 





How do I convert mcg to ml? 
20080127 

From David: How do I convert mcg to ml? Answered by Stephen La Rocque. 





Simplifying square roots 
20071219 

From Ciara: How would you calculate 2 to the square root of 8 plus 4 to the square root of 2 minus 5 to the square root of 2? Answered by Stephen La Rocque. 





Imprecise measurements 
20071209 

From Sara: Hi!
A water tank, in the shape of a cuboid (length 1.6 m, height 1.2 m, breadth 0.8 m), is full of water.
Water is drained from the tank at a rate of 8 litres per minute. The dimensions of the tank are given to the nearest 10 cm.
The rate at which the water is drained from the tank is given to the nearest 0.5 litres per minute.
(a) Calculate the smallest possible time to drain the tank.
(b) Calculate the greatest possible time to drain the tank.
Many thanks!!! Answered by Stephen La Rocque. 





Order of operations 
20071017 

From Devon: What function precedes the other? ie; 18  4 x2 = Answered by Penny Nom. 





Subtracting rational expressions 
20071009 

From Pamela: Subtract:
6p – w __ 4c + p
w – 4 w – 4
Answered by Stephen La Rocque. 





Variable expressions  part 2 
20070904 

From lisa: how do I write a variable expression for word phrase example x less than =
2 or 2 less than p
4 fewer than job please help Answered by Penny Nom. 





Variable expressions 
20070904 

From Eric: how so i write a numerical or variable expression for each quantity.
example two dozen eggs or d dozen eggs
number of quarts ub a 3 gallons Answered by Penny Nom. 





The quotient of thirty and ten times a number. 
20070902 

From Jenna: I need help on How to translate a phrase into an algebraic expression:
The quotient of thirty and ten times a number. Answered by Penny Nom. 





george, thomas, abe, alexander... 
20070901 

From lori: george, thomas, abe, alexander...
come up with the next few
im confused and need help!! Answered by Stephen la Rocque and Harley Weston. 





Angle of depression to a football 
20070815 

From Tosin: The angle of depression to a football from the top of building 10m high
is 17 degrees. Find the distance of the ball from the foot of the building. Answered by Stephen La Rocque. 





Angle of depression 
20070723 

From joyce: hello,
here is my problem......
As you stand on a bridge w/c is 100 ft. above the water
you are looking @ an approaching barge.
If the A of top of the front of the bridge is 29.04 degrees
and the angle of depression of the rear is 17.36 degrees .
Find the length of the barge? Answered by Harley Weston. 





Angle of depression (declination) between sailboat observations 
20070718 

From Joyce: From a cliff 150 ft above a lake, we see a boat sailing directly towards us.
The angle of depression of the boat is seen to be 5 degrees and 7 inches and
11 degrees and 18 inches. Find the distance sailed between observations. Answered by Stephen La Rocque. 





The two towers (angles of elevation trigonometry) 
20070714 

From joyce: The angle of elevation of tower B from the top of tower A is 28 degrees
and the angle of elevation of the top of tower A from the base is 46 degrees
Find the height of tower A if tower B is 120 m high? Answered by Stephen La Rocque. 





Simplifying a quartic rational expression using long division 
20070614 

From Megan: x+2/12x^4+17x^3+0x^2+8x40= Answered by Stephen La Rocque and Penny Nom. 





Angles of depression 
20070613 

From Phonda: The pilot of a small private plane can look forward and see the control tower for a small airstrip. Beyond that is a large factory that is 3 milies from the airstrip. The angles of depression are 12.5 degrees and 4.8 degrees respectively.
Find the airplane's altitude, to the nearest ten feet. Answered by Stephen La Rocque. 





Express a certain variable as a function of another variable 
20070612 

From Gilligan: The volume V of a right circular cone is V = (1/3)pi(r^2)(h). If the height is TWICE the radius, express the volume V as a function of r.
I see the phrase "express a certain variable as a function of another variable" a lot in math books.
What exactly does that mean?
Is there another way to say the same thing? Answered by Stephen La Rocque. 





Rational polynomial expressions 
20070609 

From a student: I have a question that continues to lead me to the answer x/(x  1) but according to my math book, the answer should be 1/(x  1).
Who is right? Who is wrong?
Here is the question:
(x^2  6x  27)/(x^2  11x + 18) DIVIDED by (x^3 + 2x^2  3x)/(x^2  2x) Answered by Stephen La Rocque. 





A pipe full of water 
20070607 

From paul: What is the volume of water in a 100mm inside diameter pipe that is 12.5 meters long
What would be the pressure at the bottom if the pipe was installed in the vertical plain Answered by Steve La Rocque, Penny Nom and Gabriel Potter. 





A machine depreciates by 20% each year 
20070603 

From katie: the value of a machine depreciates by 20% each year.
How would i find what single decimal number to multiple the original value by to find its value after 2 years? Answered by Penny Nom. 





Angle of Elevation 
20070510 

From Micky: Two Buildings are on opposite sides of a street 40 feet wide.
The taller of the two buildings is 580 feet tall. The angle of depression
from the top of the tallest building to the shorter building across the
street is 57 degrees. Find the height of the shorter building. Answered by Stephen La Rocque. 





Prealgebra volume of a prism 
20070510 

From Brenda: Find the volume of a triangular prism with a base of 5 cm by 5 cm and a height of 12.5 cm. Round to the nearest tenth. Answered by Stephen La Rocque. 





Converting from mm to cm 
20070508 

From Amanda: How do you convert mm into centimeters? Answered by Gabriel Potter and Steve La Rocque. 





Simplifying a rational expression 
20070429 

From Tamika: X^2 + 10X + 24
______________
X + 6
SIMPLIFY EACH RATIONAL EXPRESSION (IF YOU CAN'T SIMPLIFY IT, WRITE ALREADY SIMPLIFIED) Answered by Stephen La Rocque. 





The angle of depression 
20070414 

From MaryBeth: Two towers are 30 m apart. From the 15th floor, 40 m up, find the angle of depression to the base of the taller tower? I think the answer is 53, but the answer book says 37. Answered by Penny Nom. 





Adding and Subtracting Rational Expressions 
20070321 

From Pricilla: Pricilla
I do not know how to do this problem. Don't know where to start.
[(5)/(2x8)]+[(3x^2+15)/(x^34x^2+5x20)] Answered by Stephen La Rocque. 





Angles of depression 
20070321 

From romaine: a woman of height 1.4m standing on top of a building of height 34.6m veiws a tree some distance away.
she observes that the angle of depression of the bottom of the tree is 35 degrees, and the angle of depression of the top
of the tree is 29 degrees. assume that the building and the tree is on level ground.
(a) calculate the distance of the woman from the top of the tree measured along her line of sight.
(b) determine the height of the tree. Answered by Stephen La Rocque. 





Simplifying exprressions 
20061106 

From Jessica: 21(a+2b)+14a9b Answered by Stephen La Rocque. 





The real numbers with decimal representations consisting of all 1s. 
20061029 

From Ivessa: Determine if the following set is countable or uncountable : the real numbers with decimal representations consisting of all 1s. Answered by Steve La Rocque and Walter Whiteley. 





How do you write a variable expression 
20061011 

From Josh: How do you write a variable expression for the following:
The amount of money Waldo has if he has $10 more than Joe and
How much weight Kirk can lift if he lifts 30 lbs more than his brother. Answered by Stephen La Rocque. 





Metric Conversions 
20060902 

From Patricia: I have a new difficulty, metric conversion when it involves the prefixes. Some problems I need help with are: Answered by Stephen La Rocque. 





My wife's recent pregnancy, 
20060724 

From Tom: During my wife's recent pregnancy, it so happened that my wife's 29th birthday fell on the exact same day that her unborn child was 29 weeks old (i.e. it was 29 x 7 days from the date of conception as advised by the doctor)
I would like to know what the probability is of the above event occurring for a randomly chosen pregnant woman i.e. that the pregnant mum's x'th birthday falls on the same day that the unborn child is x weeks old EXACTLY.
Answered by Stephen La Rocque. 





Simplify the variable expression: 3g^2h over 12gh 
20060209 

From Andrew: okay the question says simplify the variable expression: 3g^{2}h over 12gh
how would u do this? Answered by Penny Nom. 





preuve par neuf 
20060208 

From Thonet:
Je suis enseignante en primaire en Belgique et j'aii actuellement une stagiaire étudiante qui va devoir apprendre à mes élèves comment fonctionne la preuve par 9. Elle sait expliciter concrètement celleci et a trouvé l'explication du pourquoi de sa fonction mais nous ne savons pas l'origine de cette application mathématique...
Qui l'a inventée ? Pourquoi ? ...
Pourriezvous nous éclairer ?
Answered by Claude Tardif. 





Rational expressions 
20051115 

From Zach: I can solve easy problems such as (x/2)+3=2+(3x/4). That is easy because the Lowest Common Denominator is 4. But what really gets me stuck is a problem like this one.
(6/x2) = ( 21/(x2)(x+2) )+ 1. Answered by Penny Nom. 





Coefficients, constants and like terms 
20051005 

From Elizabeth: In the equation 8y+6ab+73ab what are the coefficients; the like terms and constants? Answered by Penny. 





2x/x^29  6/x^2+x12 
20050927 

From Emily Ann: 2x/x^{2}9  6/x^{2}+x12 Answered by Penny Nom. 





A rational arithmetic expression 
20050914 

From Vijay: How to simplify following Grade 9 math problem:
(4/9) X (21/32) X (3/14) Answered by Penny Nom. 





Rational expressions 
20040924 

From A student: In general, I understand rational expressions except when it comes to solving problems such as:
x+y/2xy  2x/y2x or m4/3m4 + 3m+2/43m
I am confounded by the issue of having to find a common denominator. For example, if I tried to solve these problems by multiplying both denominators they would still be uncommon. Answered by Claude Tardif. 





An equation with rational terms 
20040617 

From Louise: simplify the expression
(a^{2}+n^{2})/2n = a^{2} + (a^{2}n2)/2n Answered by Penny Nom. 





Angles of elevation and depression 
20040518 

From Anjum: what is the difference between an angle of elevation and angle of depression? Answered by Penny Nom. 





Rational expressions 
20040406 

From Shivani: I am in 11th grade Honors Algebra II. We are currently learning about adding and subtracting rational expressions. I looked at the other questions that were similar to that of mine, but they weren't quite answering my question. I have been working on many problems to practice and see if I can come up with the correct answer, but I can't, I got like 2 out of every 7 right on my school homework. I get the easy ones, where when you have to find the LCD, it's just the other denominator. But, on others you have to really think about it. Those are hard. Here are some of the problems that I cannot get at all: (x2  3x + 1)/(x2  4)  (x2 + 2x +4)/(2  x)  (x  4) /(x  2)
The correct answer is:
(x3 + 4x2 + 7x + 17)/(x2  4) Answered by Penny Nom. 





A metric prefix table 
20040307 

From April: Can you tell me what the scale is for nano, micro, mega, kilo, etc.... I know that mega is 10 to the sixth power but I can't remember the other ones. Answered by Penny Nom. 





Rearranging an expression 
20040224 

From Corey:
use the following formula to answer the question
F=9c divided by 5 plus 32
rearange the formula to solve for c
how many degrees fahrenheit would it be it it was:
0 degrees celcius
10 degrees celcius
46 degrees celcius
Answered by Penny Nom. 





Some trig problems 
20040118 

From Weisu:
I have some questions about precalculus.
(1) (2(cos(x))^2)+3sin(x)1=0
(2) sin(x)cos(x)=(1/2)
(3) 3sin(x)=1+cos(2x)
(4) tan(x)*csc(x)=csc(x)+1
(5) sin(arccsc(8/5))
(6) tan(arcsin(24/25))
(7) arccos(cos(11pi/6))
the last problem uses radian measure.
Answered by Penny Nom. 





Prescription drug coverage 
20031204 

From Khadijah: Last week congressional approval was given to legislation involving prescription drug coverage for seniors. One summary of the legislation explains that it is estimated that in 2006 a senior will pay a premium of $35 per month, then pay their first $250 in pharmacy bills. After the bills reach $250, the coverage would pick up 75% of their bills that bring their total bills between the $250 and $2250 mark. After their bills reached a total of $2250, the senior would be responsible for all bills bringing their total annual bills between $2250 to $5100. Then any bills after the $5100 mark has been reached will be 95% covered by the insurance. Using this information, letís analyze the situation of a senior who accumulates $6000 in pharmacy bills over one year and has the insurance coverage. Over the course of this year, how many dollars will the senior pay? Answered by Penny Nom. 





root24 = 2 root6 
20031113 

From Burke: I know that all algerbra can be represented visually, for example: Y=9x+3 is a line on a two dimentional plane. Could Math Central please send me a visual representation of the proccess of simplifying square root like root24 equals 2root6 Answered by Penny Nom. 





Two precalculus problems 
20030804 

From Kate:
Please help me verify the identity: cos2x(sec2x1)=sin2x Also I am having trouble withdetermining whether f(x) is odd, even, or neither f(x)=x3x Answered by Penny Nom. 





Contradiction in the Procedural Precedence and the Distributive property 
20030703 

From Arthur: When complicated expressions exist on both sides of a fraction, and both these expressions contain like and unlike terms with "literal" coefficients, the procedural precedence suddenly gets extremely confusing and seems impossible to simplify. This seems confusing and impossible to simplify because there is a HUGE contradiction in the way Procedural Precedence and the Distributive property deal with Parentheses. The Procedure says you MUST deal with what's INSIDE the parenthesis FIRST, BEFORE dealing with ANYTHING on the outside where as the Distributive property contradicts that by saying to go ahead and ignore the Precedence and use a factor on the outside of the Parenthesis. Answered by Claude Tardif. 





Subtracting rational expressions 
20030510 

From Simone: hi, i'm totally lost. i understand that you need to find a lowest common denominator to subtract two fractions (rational expressions) with different denominators. but what if the denominators are "x1" and "x". is x the common denominator? if so what happens to the "1"? do you know of any live online help i can get with the following: 3/(x1)  (12x)/x i've looked through my notes and have no examples that quite match that i can follow to get through it. please help! Answered by Penny Nom. 





Excluded values 
20030222 

From Josh: Why do you think it is necessary to include the "excluded values" when you write your answers to rational expressions? Answered by Penny Nom. 





Rational expressions 
20030122 

From A student:
// = the main fraction line 1.) a+1/a1 + a1/a+1 // a+1/a1  a1/a+1 2.) 2/a(squared)3a+2 + 2/a(squared)a2 // 2/a(squared)1 + 2/ a(squared)+4a+3 Answered by Penny Nom. 





Clown has eight steps to climb 
20021105 

From A mom: I'm a parent of a grade two student. What is the best way to help my son figure out a math comprehension problem? Clown has eight steps to climb, is shown in a picture with front foot on third step and behind foot on first step. Each time he climbs three steps, he falls back two. How many times did he have to climb up to reach the top. Should I get him to do a line graph or math equations. On his own he came up with the answer seven. I think the answer is six. I did 0+3=3, 32=1, 1+3=4 and so on, In think my why is alittle confusing to him. Is there a simplier why to explain it to him. Answered by Diane Hanson. 





Simplifying Variable Expressions 
20021028 

From Erika: i would like to ask you a mathematical question on Simplifying Variable Expressions. The question is 2(n4)+3. Answered by Penny Nom. 





Nixon, Jefferson, and Madison 
20021008 

From Lisa: The longestlived US presidents are John Adams(age90), Herbert Hoover (also90), and Harry Truman (88). Behind them are James Madison, Thomas Jefferson, and Richard Nixon. The lattter three men lived a total of 249 years, and their ages at the time of death form consecutive odd integers. For how long did Nixon, Jefferson, and Madison live? Answered by Penny Nom. 





Rational expressions 
20021003 

From Ashley: 1/x(squared) + 5/xy Answered by Penny Nom. 





Variable expressions 
20020815 

From Brittany: I am just learning variable expressions. My homework is to write a variable expression for each word phrase;
example :
the number of minutes in s seconds the cost of x cartons of juice at $.75 each And etc.
I don't understand it Answered by Penny Nom. 





Simplify this expression 
20020226 

From Francine: 2X power 5 Y power 3 times 18 X power 5 Y power 3 divided by X power 1/3 Y power 1/4.
I came up with 36  X 1/3 Y 1/4 The book says 36 x1/3 y1/4. I don't get it. Answered by Penny Nom. 





Simplifying algebraic expressions 
20010512 

From A student: How do you simplify algebra expressions? Answered by Penny Nom. 





Adding and subtracting rational expressions 
20010503 

From Donna: Adding and subtracting Rational expressions. I am in grade 10 and I am a student here is an example of the questions: 1/(x+1)  1/(x1) = ? Answered by Penny Nom. 





Compression by a factor of ? 
20010112 

From Wayne: Given an equation like y = (1/2) (x3)^{2} + 6, when describing the distortion from the base curve y = x^{2} is it correct to say there is a vertical compression by a factor of 2, or by a factor of 1/2 ? Which is more correct? I have seen both versions in different high school texts, and I am now unsure which is more correct. Answered by Harley Weston. 





Some trigonometry 
20000811 

From Angela: I have some PreCal questions. I am a student at the secondary level. I would be very grateful for your help. Solve the equation for theta (0 <= theta < 2pi). tan^{2}(theta) = 3 I know sec^{2}(theta) 1 = tan^{2}(theta) . . . Answered by Harley Weston. 





Eligibility in a contest 
20000314 

From Ken Rabley: Hi, hoping you can help. Dispute among coworkers. Tell me, what is the correct answer to the following question: 1936 + (2406/4812) x (4756  3256) + 1250 Seems this is the question for eligibility in a contest...We have come up with various solutions, all which may be correct. Answered by Penny Nom. 





(5)^2, 5^2 and (5)^2 
19991013 

From Jennifer Brown: What is the difference between the following problems: (5)^{2}, 5^{2} and (5)^{2} Our text book (Beginning Algebra, fourth edition, published by McGraw Hill, by Streeter, Huthison and Hoetzle) says the second and third problem are exactly the same. I don't see how that can be. Is there a mathematical rule that explains this? Answered by Penny Nom. 





Predictions 
19990922 

From Joesph Dana: How do u find the results of an unbiased sample of 100 students that are shown on the table. For example the school has a total of 1,150 students prdict how many students would chose cereal(46) pancakes(15) eggs(20) and sandwich(19) Answered by Haeley Weston. 





Even and Odd Function 
19990617 

From Kent: There is one function with the domain of all real numbers that is both even and odd. Please give me the answer to this question before I go insane. Answered by Penny Nom. 





Shapepreserving transformations 
19990504 

From J McAndrew: A shape preserves its shape if a rotation, translation or scaling is performed on it. Are these the only continuous transformations which have this property? These transformations if performed on the parts and then summed have the same effect as the transformation being applied to the whole; are these linear transformations? Who, and what area of mathematics has classified all transformations of this type completely? Answered by Chris Fisher. 





A Presidential Proof 
19970318 

From Greg Smith: Which US president developed a proof for the Pythagorean Theorem? Where can a copy of the proof be located? Answered by Chris Fisher and Harley Weston. 





Equivalent Expressions 
19970226 

From Karyn Jones: Josie says that s=n/(n+1) and s/(1s)=n are two ways to write the same formula. Describe whether or not you agree with Joise. Explain how you made your decision. Answered by Walter Whiteley and Penny Nom. 





La conjecture de Goldbach 
20110218 

From ahmedbenmoussa: montrez que tout nombre entier paire supérieur à 4 s'écrit somme de deux nombres premiers Answered by Claude Tardif. 





une écriture plus simple des expressions 
20110113 

From jessie:
trouver une écriture plus simple des expressions suivantes sachant que : x + y = 3 et x  y =2
A=x1+y+2 B=x1+y2
C=x+1+y+2 C=x+1+y2 Answered by Claude Tardif. 





Quel est le 6e nombre dans la serie suivante 
20100813 

From jeff: Quel est le 6e nombre dans la serie suivante: 1,2,6,42,1806,... Answered by Stephen La Rocque and Claude Tardif. 





Deux nombres consécutifs 
20100118 

From Janot: Bonjour
comment peut on faire pour démontrer
que si deux nombres sont consécutifs, leur produit et leur somme sont
premiers entre eux
Merci de me mettre sur la voie , j'ai échoué avec Bezout. Answered by Claude Tardif. 





2^(2^1954) estil premier? 
20051004 

From Un eleve: 2^{(21945)}+1 estil premier? Answered by Claude Tardif. 





Nombre premier 
20041101 

From Katia: Pouvezvous me dire comment savoir si un nombre est premier? Answered by Claude Tardif. 





Nombre Premier 
20030224 

From Un Etudiant: Montrer que si p est facteur premier de 2^{2n} + 1 alors (p1) est multiple de 2^{n+2} Answered by Claude Tardif. 





preuve par 9 
20010404 

From Michel: Pourriezvous m'expliquer en détail comment fonctionne la preuve par 9 (pour une division et une multiplication). Je sais l'appliquer mais je ne sais pas pourquoi ça marche. Je ne retrouve pas la démonstration. Merci de m'aider. Exemple . 17x2=34 ; preuve par neuf : 1+7=8 ; 8x2= 16 ; 1+6=7 et 3+4=7, on peut donc supposer (sans affirmer) que cette multiplication a un résultat juste car la preuve par 9 est bonne, 7=7. Comment fonctionne cette preuve par 9??? Answered by Claude Tardif. 

