







Why Mean? 
20190508 

From Jill: A group of teachers were trying to figure out why the”mean” is called mean  do you know?? Answered by Penny Nom. 





4^x=2^x+6 
20190405 

From Olivia: How do you find the (b,n) if the solution of the equation 4^x=2^x+6 can be expressed at logb(n) where b and n are both prime numbers? Answered by Penny Nom. 





Double the number of pennies each week 
20190228 

From Donald: If I save a penny a week,double it every week,How many weeks will it take to reach 1,000,000 dollars Answered by Penny Nom. 





y=lnx+(1+ln2)/2 and y=x^2 
20190128 

From Mike: Prove that y=lnx+(1+ln2)/2 and y=x^2 touch each other.
The course is about logarithm and root functions... how should I solve this problem? Answered by Penny Nom. 





Is a rectangle a parallelogram? 
20180228 

From ellie: is a rectangle a parallelogram? Answered by Penny Nom. 





A parallelogram, a rhombus and a rectangle 
20180207 

From Sambo: what do parallelogram, rhombus and rectangle have in common? Answered by Penny Nom. 





4444^4444 
20171210 

From Sashi: 4444 to power of 4444=?
Please share the result with simplification. Answered by Penny Nom. 





The derivative of f(x)=2^x/x 
20171128 

From Chhavi: f(x)=2^x/x.
Find f'(x). Answered by Penny Nom. 





Squares and rectangles 
20170715 

From Tront: So, there's a general rule that all squares are rectangles but not all rectangles are squares. Im trying to find a term that would describe this relationship. I've found that if all of A is B but not all B is A then I'd say that A is a subset of B, but is there a term that describes the relationship as a whole? I don't want to describe the components, I want to describe the relationship as a whole. Answered by Penny Nom. 





3^2x5=27 
20161214 

From danaja: solve for the following 3^2x5=27 Answered by Penny Nom. 





An open ball is an open set? 
20160623 

From Aqeel: Theorem: The open ball is an open set? Answered by Harley Weston. 





The midpoints of the sides of a quadrilateral 
20160205 

From Andrea: The segments, joining, in order the midpoints of consecutive sides of a quadrilateral form a parallelogram. Answered by Penny Nom. 





Consecutive angles of a parallelogram 
20160128 

From Hanna: The consecutive angles of a parallelogram measures Answered by Penny Nom. 





Find two values of x satisfying f(x)=1 where f(x)=sin(ln(x)) 
20160121 

From Ruth: I'm trying to find two values of x satisfying f(x)=1 where f(x)=sin(ln(x)) Answered by Penny Nom. 





Proof that an erroneous algebraic statement is false 
20151214 

From Berteanu: I need help with this proposition:
"It exists x a real number that for every y real number 5*x2*y*y=1
This is false.
Let x be from R.
And I need an y real number that 5*x2*y*y!=1
Please,could you help me? Answered by Penny Nom. 





Parallelogram area 
20150804 

From Nigel: To find the area of a parallelogram you multiply the base by the height of the parallogram, the height being determined by an imaginary line drawn at right angles to the base. However if I made a parallelogram with joints at each corner and maipulated it to an upright position where the base and sides were at 90 degrees to each other,, I could then simply multiply the base times the height to get the area. Since the sloping side of the parallelogram does not vary in my imaginary jointed model, why can I not simply multiply the base by the sloping side to get the area in the same way that I multiply the base times the height of a square to find its area ? I cannot find the answer to this on the internet although I have searched. Answered by Chris Fisher. 





Manipulating an expression using logarithms 
20150518 

From Katie: Solve x=At^be^ct for b in terms of c.
The e is Euler's number, not a letter or random placeholder. v
I've tried 2 methods on my calculator, and I am unsure as to why they give me different answers, and which one is correct.
For some reason, when placing a multiplication sign in between the A and the first t, I get a completely different answer. Why is this?
Also, which is the right answer for the question I have?
Thank you!
Katie :) Answered by Penny Nom. 





A parallelogram inscribed in a circle 
20150204 

From narendra: how can we prove that a circular parallelogram is a rectangle? Answered by Chris Fisher. 





logbase4 (sin x) = 0.5 
20141026 

From Susan: Solve for x: logbase4 (sin x) = 0.5 Answered by Penny Nom. 





Interior angles in a parallelogram 
20140830 

From xavier: so, one of my math homework questions requires me to know how to find out how to find the interior angles in a parallelogram, the question is, "how many interior angles does a parallelogram have?" Answered by Penny Nom. 





Logarithms 
20140828 

From effaryna: how logarithms is applied in everyday life? Answered by Penny Nom. 





Differentiate ln[x(2x4)^1/2] 
20140628 

From Igwe: If y=In[x(2x4)^1/2],find dy/dx at x=3 Answered by Penny Nom. 





How do we use logarithms in our daily life 
20140601 

From ss: how do we use logarithms in our dailylife Answered by Penny Nom. 





The inverse of y = 5^x 
20140307 

From Melody: how do you find the inverse of y = 5^x Answered by Penny Nom. 





The area of a parallelogram 
20131128 

From shivam: a parallelogram has sides 34 cm and 20 cm .one of its diagonal is 42 cm. calculate its area Answered by Harley Weston. 





Evaluate log3 14 
20131117 

From Tash: Use the Change of Base Formula and a calculator to evaluate the logarithm, correct to six decimal places. Use either natural or common logarithms.
log3 14 Answered by Penny Nom. 





n log n = 36 * 10 ^ 12 
20131112 

From shihab: How to find value of n in this equation :
n log n = 36 * 10 ^ 12 Answered by Penny Nom. 





2^x . 5^3 = x^4 
20130905 

From Zuhdina: Hi, I got a question, 2^x . 5^3 = x^4
I want to know the value of x without using calculator, I've already done some questions in logarithm and I always stuck in the same model equationI think if someone shows me the way, I can do the other 'stuck equations' Answered by Penny Nom. 





4=(1+.08)^x 
20130615 

From Samantha: I can't seem to understand how to solve for x when it is in power form, here is the equation:
4=(1+.08)^x Answered by Penny Nom. 





How do i write log_8(P) =7 in exponential form? 
20130414 

From nancy: How do i write this in exponential form log8P =7 Answered by Penny Nom. 





Solve 8 logx > x 
20130219 

From Fulvio: Hi, could you solve this equation in algebraic form:
8logx>x Answered by Harley Weston. 





What is the domain of f(x)=sin(ln(x))/ln(x)? 
20130206 

From Behrooz: Hi, the following problem may be interesting:
What is the domain of f(x)=sin(ln(x))/ln(x)?
Be careful, domain is not obvious.
Best regards
Behrooz Answered by Penny Nom. 





A question about a parallelogram 
20121014 

From Renu: Question from renu, a parent:
ABCD is a parallelogram. BP and DQ are two parallel lines cutting AC at P and Q respectively. prove that BPDQ is a parallelogram Answered by Harley Weston. 





The exponential form of log8=P 
20120425 

From Kristina: what is the exponential form of log8=P Answered by Penny Nom. 





How long will it take lee to catch up with jodie? 
20120321 

From kirsten: for example, if jodie is on the bus travelling at 10 m.p.h and lee is walking at 4 m.p.h how long will it take lee to catch up with jodie?? what is this mathematical name for this Answered by Harley Weston. 





If a parallelogram is a cyclic quadrilateral then it is a rectangle 
20120201 

From Kim: Show that if a parallelogram is a cyclic quadrilateral then it is a rectangle.
Hint: Observe that in a parallelogram ABCD we always have Triangle ABC is congruent to Triangle CDA. Answered by Robert Dawson and Chris Fisher. 





A problem in logic 
20120119 

From Ghader: The puzzle below I know the answer to; because someone told me! My question is: how could I answer it using logic, maths, etc. what field of inquiry does this kind of problem fall into?
Puzzle: You are in a room with two men: one is a compulsive liar and the other is a compulsive honest. There are two doors: one leading to heaven, the other to hell. The two men know which door leads to where. You want to go to heaven but are allowed only ONE question from one or the other of the two men. What would that question be?
[The question to ask, from either man, is: "if I asked the OTHER man which door leads to heaven, which door would he point?". You would then choose the other door.]
Has this answer got any basis in logic or maths at all? Answered by Robert Dawson. 





A log equation in exponential form 
20111111 

From Sarah: Express the equation in Exponential form
log2 to the 16th power=4 Answered by Penny Nom. 





Uses of logarithms 
20111109 

From BEA: what is the use of logarithmic functions in real life or daily life? Answered by Penny Nom. 





Infinite Logarithmic Series 
20110808 

From Sourik: Dear Expert,
In my Amithabha Mitra and Shambhunath Ganguly's "A Text Book of Mathematics" I found the formula of log (1+x) where the base is e and x lies in between 1 and +1.As I want to learn Mathematics,I am not satisfied with the mere statement of the formula.Please help giving me the full proof.
Thanking you,
Sourik Answered by Robert Dawson. 





Exponential form 
20110518 

From Kara: How do I write this in exponential form?
log 1/8 = 3 Answered by Penny Nom. 





The rate of change of the area of a parallelogram 
20110405 

From Gevork: Let a parallelogram have sides of 8 and 12 and let vertex angle A be decreasing at a rate of 2degrees per minute. Find the rate of change of the area of the parallelogram when angle A equals 30 degrees. Answered by Penny Nom. 





ln(12 x) = 6 
20110303 

From Carolyn: solve the equation
ln12x = 6
Thank you
Carolyn Answered by Penny Nom. 





The diagonals of a parallelogram 
20110217 

From ginger: Find the diagonals of parallelogram where the the side is 40 and the bottom side is 15. Answered by Penny Nom. 





Daily life example of logarithms 
20110204 

From owais: what are the application or daily life example of logarithms? Answered by Harley Weston. 





Simplify the logarithmic expression 
20101202 

From Adori: Use the properties of logarithms to simplify the logarithmic expression. Log(1/250) base 5 Answered by Penny Nom. 





A Taylor polynomial for (lnx)/x 
20100929 

From Dave: I have a series problem that I cannot solve. The problem asks for you to compute a Taylor polynomial Tn(x) for f(x) = (lnx)/x. I calculated this poly out to T5(x) and attempted to use this to identify a pattern and create a series in order to calculate Tn(x). However, the coefficients on the numerator out to F5prime(x) are as follows: 1, 3, 11, 50, 274... Ok, so the negative is an easy fix > (1)^n1. But the other coefficients are stumping me. I can't see any sort of pattern there and I've tried every trick I know. Is there another way to go about this?
Thanks! Answered by Chris Fisher. 





An equation involving logarithms 
20100927 

From mindy: Hi,
I am trying to find x, the equation is:
log_2(log x + 2 (log x)^(1/2) + 1)  2 log_4((log x)^(1/2) + 1) = 1
Thank you very much for your time. =) Answered by Harley Weston. 





A logarithmic equation 
20100908 

From Rohit: x^2 + k*ln(x)  c  k = 0
Where k and c are constants. Answered by Penny Nom. 





Converting kilograms to cubic metres 
20100716 

From Ilai: I want to convert kg to cubic metre Answered by Penny Nom. 





12 coins 
20100707 

From Eden: We have 12 coins same in size and shape and also weight.
But among these, one coin which has same size and shape, but not in weight
and we can't know that this coin was lighter or heavier.
We must decide which coin was lighter or heavier among these 12 coins in
4 times of weighting with scale. Answered by Stephen La Rocque and Tyler Wood. 





y =  log(x) 
20100428 

From Alex: y=  log(x), where y = 4.3
solve for x. Answered by Harley Weston. 





Pyramids and parallelograms 
20100401 

From Vivi: Hi, my name is Vivi, and math teacher is giving a geometry test. I tend to forget how to find the surface area and volume of triangular pyramids and parallelograms. Do you have a way of remembering how to find the surface area? Answered by Harley Weston. 





Log[f(x)] 
20100308 

From sourabh: What is the number of solutions of the equation
9 x 2  18 x + 5 = 0 for x, such that the expression
log10[(x+1)(x+2)] exists? Answered by Harley Weston. 





Growth rates 
20100126 

From Bhavya: Dear Sir/Ma'am,
I read in the text book that the growth rates of these 3 functions are as below
n^{2/3} < n/lg n < n^{0.99}
I tried the substitution method to check the correctness of this. But it gets really tough as n increase.
Is there any simpler way to understand the correctness of these growth rates?
Thanks and Regards,
Bhavya Answered by Robert Dawson. 





541.39(1 + i)^15 = 784.09 
20091014 

From Fitore: Hi, I noticed that this question was already posted up, however I was hoping I could solve it without having to use logs. Can you please help me? The equation is:
541.39(1 + i)^15 = 784.09 Answered by Penny Nom. 





Exponential form 
20090805 

From motaz: Let x = log_2 1/8 Write the exponential form of the equation and solve the equation for x Answered by Stephen La Rocque. 





Log_7 (4X) = Log_14 X 
20090708 

From Mukulu: Help me with this question because i tried my level best to get the right answer but i failed Log_7 (4X) = Log_14X Answered by Stephen La Rocque. 





Possible Values of a Base of a Logarithm 
20090605 

From nazrul: If log base x of 25=2 then what is the value of x?
I am confused if the result be 5 or 5.
Please explain.
Thank you. Answered by Robert J. Dawson. 





(logx)squared + log (xcubed ) +2 =0 
20090519 

From michael: Solve for x: (logx)squared + log (xcubed ) +2 =0 Answered by Penny Nom. 





The sides of a parallelogram 
20090317 

From Sami: If ABCD is a parallelogram, prove that line AB is congruent to line CD. Clearly state your reasons and conjectures. Answered by Penny Nom. 





A property that decreases in value every year by 10 percent 
20090307 

From PEter: there is a competition problem where a cottage is worth 25000 years, but it decreases in value every year by 10 percent. Without a calculator, is there a way to find after how many years, the cottage will be worth 2500? (besides multiplying it out and besides logs) Answered by Stephen La Rocque. 





An inequality with logs 
20090306 

From Indrajit: (x/10)^(logx  2)<100..........how to solve this one?? Answered by Stephen La Rocque. 





If 5 to the power of y = 625, what is y? 
20090302 

From Charlene: If 5 to the power of y = 625, what is y? Answered by Penny Nom. 





Frogs and kangaroos 
20090216 

From Jenny: Albert, Bernard, Charles, Daniel and Ellie play a game in which each is a frog or kangaroo. Frogs' statements are always false while Kangaroos' statements are alwas true. 1. Albert says that bernard is a kangaroo. 2. Charles says that Daniel is a frog. 3. Ellie says that Alvert is not a frog. 4. Bernard says that Charles is not a kangaroo. 5. Daniel says that Elie and Albert are different kinds of animals. How many frogs are there? Answered by Penny Nom. 





6^x = y 
20090212 

From Jamie: Find x:
6^x=y Answered by Harley Weston. 





The area of a triangle 
20090125 

From black: Explain how the formula for the area of a triangle can be determined by using the formula for the area of a parallelogram. Answered by Penny Nom. 





650g+2kg+195g=how many kg 
20081211 

From christian: 650g+2kg+195g=how many kg Answered by Penny. 





A quadrilateral with two pairs of congruent sides 
20081210 

From nicole: what is the name of a figure that has 2 sides that measure 25 feet each and 2 sides that measure 10 feet each? Answered by Robert Dawson. 





A quadrilateral with exactly 1 pair of parallel sides and no congruent sides 
20081210 

From alie: a quadrilateral with exactly 1 pair of parallel sides and no congruent sides is what? Answered by Robert Dawson. 





A log base 2 problem 
20081126 

From dave: solve for x
(log base 2 of x)  (log base 2 of (x2)) = 3 Answered by Penny Nom. 





Symmetries of a parallelogram 
20081124 

From anisha: how many lines of symmetry does a parallelogram have. A square and a rect are a
parallelogram too. so it is confusing?? pls help Answered by Walter Whiteley. 





How do you solve "logx^4=4? 
20081117 

From Scott: How do you solve "logx^4=4"? Answered by Penny Nom. 





Scaling a logo 
20081020 

From Carl: Hello!
I hope that you can help me out here. I've been trying to figure this out for awhile now and can't come up with the answer logically.
I am a graphic designer by trade and need to figure out how large my client's logo should be.
The logo will need to be sized proportionally with the surface area of the page.
The logo will always be sized at 1.2938(w) x .75(h) on a letter size page (8.5 x 11).
My question is...
When you increase the size of the page (not always proportionally sized  dimensionally) how do figure out the NEW size of the logo.
I could have a page 20" x 40" or 30' x 4'... or ANY size really.
I believe I have the new surface area of the logo but can't find the new dimensions. Answered by Harley Weston. 





Logs and exponentials 
20081006 

From Charles: I seem to remember you could solve exponential problems using natural logs quite simply without calculators, such as the fifth root of 400 or 33 to the 4th power. All you did was convert the number to its natural log and then just divide by 5 or multiply by 4 and then convert it back. I just remember how to do this. Thanks. Answered by Harley Weston. 





4^x = 2^x + 12 solve for x 
20081002 

From Dave: 4^x = 2^x + 12 solve for x. Answered by Harley Weston. 





An Euler diagram and a logic argument 
20080918 

From Regina: Use a Euler diagram to determine whether the following argument is valid or invalid.
No wizard can yodel
All lizards can yodel
No wizard is a lizard Answered by Penny Nom. 





What is the derivative of (2^sinx)/(logbase4(2x+1))? 
20080916 

From Jesse: What is the derivative of (2^sinx)/(logbase4(2x+1)) Answered by Harley Weston. 





Solving Exponential Equations Using Logarithms 
20080915 

From Todd: 7(6^x)=6e^2x Answered by Janice Cotcher. 





2^x = 1,000,000 
20080906 

From Peter: How do I solve for "x" in the following equation: "2 to the power of x = 1,000,000" ? Answered by Penny Nom. 





Solve e^x + e^(x+1) = 250 
20080825 

From Laura: "solve this equation correct to three decimals"
e^x + e^x+1= 250 Answered by Penny Nom. 





Solving with the Natural Log 
20080728 

From CB: I am trying to solve lnx +3ln2 = ln 2/x. Every way I've tried when I go to plug in the solution it doesn't come out right. Answered by Penny Nom. 





A hexagon has 3 parallelograms 
20080721 

From Stephanie: A hexagon has 3 parallelograms but I am unsure of how to cut a hexagon into 3 parallelograms. Can you show me what this would look like? Answered by Harley Weston. 





Write log_2 (1/8) = 3 in exponential form 
20080627 

From Jaime: how do you write log2 (1/8) = 3 in exponential form?
the 1/8 is a fraction and the 2 is a base of 2 Answered by Penny Nom. 





The angles of a parallelogram 
20080611 

From light: ABCD is a parallelogram. If angle A. = (4x=17)degrees and angle B. = (3x5)degrees , what is angle c? Answered by Penny Nom. 





limit x>0 (logxlog(x1)) 
20080522 

From kritica: lt x>0 (logxlog(x1)) Answered by Harley Weston. 





Which is larger, 727464^512693 or 624610^518548? 
20080518 

From Yahweh: Lets say I have two very large numbers in the form of a^b:
727464^512693 and 624610^518548
I want to calculate which number is larger, but its unreasonable to type these numbers into a spreadsheet to get an answer right away. How could I determine the larger or the two numbers efficiently? Answered by Stephen La Rocque. 





The inverse of a function 
20080503 

From keith: please help me find the inverse of this function:
h(t) = 2 + 4 ln(15t) Answered by Stephen La Rocque. 





Naming a figure 
20080424 

From P.: What is the name of a figure that has 2 sides that measure
25 feet each and 2 sides that measure 10 feet each? Answered by Penny Nom. 





log2x+log(x+4)=1 
20080412 

From ryan: solve the equation for x, log2x+log(x+4)=1 Answered by Penny Nom. 





1(1P)^75=0.05 
20080405 

From Amy: 1(1P)^75=0.05 Answered by Stephen La Rocque and Penny Nom. 





The distance between the sides of a parallelogram 
20080330 

From jhon: Calculate the perpendicular distance between AB and DC of a parallelogram. Note: AB and DC are the sides of the parallelogram. Answered by Penny Nom. 





A puzzle about hats 
20080303 

From Sylvia: There were 4 people sitting in a row, truing to win $50.00 from a riddle.
The one in front was wearing a red hat.
The second from the front was wearing a blue hat.
The third from the front was wearing a red hat.
The last was wearing a blue hat and is blindfolded.
Each of them were informed that they are all wearing a hat,
the last person is blindfolded and that there are 2 red and 2 blue hats. If they can guess the
colour of their hat, then they win the prize.
There was a long silence, then one of them guessed the color of his hat correctly. Who was it?
and explain why.
(note that they can only see the person in front of them and are not allowed to turn around and
see behind them.) Answered by Penny Nom. 





Prove (p & ~q) v p = p 
20080212 

From Tom: Prove (p & ~q) v p = p
Do I need to use the absorption law p v (p & q)=p? If yes,how do I cope with the NOT(~) in q?Thank you. Answered by Harley Weston. 





The interior angles of a parallelogram 
20080129 

From amber: the measure of one interior angle of a parallelogram is 42 degrees more than twice the measure of another angle. Find the measure of each angle. Answered by Penny Nom. 





Volume of a log 
20080129 

From Reji: i purchased a teak wood length 20feet and perimeter 60inch. How much cubic feet will be the wood. Answered by Stephen La Rocque. 





The interior angles of a parallelogram 
20080128 

From steffie: How do you calculate the interior angle sof a parallelogram? Answered by Penny Nom. 





A parallelogram and a rhombus 
20080122 

From miguel: i have a problem proving a parallelogram a rhombus.. if a diagonal of a parallelogram bisects an angle
of the parallelogram , then its a rhombus
prove Answered by Stephen La Rocque and Walter Whiteley. 





Two logic problems 
20071207 

From Grace: 1. You are an archaeologist that has just unearthed a longsought triplet
of ancient treasure chests. One chest is plated with silver, one with gold,
and one with bronze. According to legend, one of the three chests is filled with
great treasure, whereas the other two chests house a maneating python that
can rip your head off. Faced with a dilemma, you then notice that
there are inscriptions on the chests:
Silver Chest  Treasure is in this Chest.
Gold Chest  Treasure is not in this Chest.
Bronze Chest  Treasure is not in the Gold Chest
.
You know that at least one of the inscriptions is true,
and at least one of the inscriptions is false. Which chest do you open?
(a) Silver (b) Gold (c) Bronze Answered by Penny Nom. 





ln (x)  x = ln (2) 
20071118 

From James: How do you make x the subject of
ln (x)  x = ln (2) Answered by Stephen La Rocque. 





0 = (1/t)  [ln(1+r) ln(t)] 
20071018 

From Brandi: Objective: solve for t, where r = 0.05
0 = (1/t)  [ln(1+r) ln(t)] Answered by Penny Nom. 





Irrational functions 
20071001 

From alicia: i have a question about irrationals functions.
i have been using them quite some time now, but i wonder where they can be found in daily life?
i hope you can help me, Answered by Harley Weston. 





x= (y/z)ln((1+a^2)/(1a^2)) 
20070926 

From John: If
x= (y/z)ln((1+a^2)/(1a^2))
Please solve for 'a'
Thanks in advance! Answered by Penny Nom. 





Finding a geometric mean and taking its antilog 
20070827 

From Jack: Would like to know the basic geometric mean calculation. Also how would I take the antilog from this number? Answered by Stephen La Rocque. 





Logs and exponentials 
20070731 

From Marsia: Explain how the functions of exponents and logarithms relate to each other. Answered by Penny Nom. 





The graph of a log function 
20070730 

From Marsia: How would you describe to another student what the graph of a logarithmic function looks like? Answered by Penny Nom. 





Proving a quadrilateral is a rectangle 
20070714 

From Sonja: I was having this discussion with another teacher and we need a third opinion. When you are trying to prove a quadrilateral is a rectangle which method should you use:
 Prove the shape is a parallelogram by doing slope 4 times by stating that parallel lines have equal slopes. Then proving a right angle by stating that perpendicular lines have negative reciprocal slopes.
 Doing the slope 4 times and stating that the shape is a rectangle because opposite sides are parallel because of equal slopes and it contains a right angle because of negative reciprocal slopes.
I guess the real question is do you have to first state that the shape is a parallelogram? Answered by Stephen La Rocque. 





log_{a} b + log_{b} a < 0 
20070708 

From Claire: Suppose a, b are real numbers taking all positive values except 1, determine (without the use of calculators) whether there exists values of a and b such that log_{a} b + log_{b} a < 0 Answered by Penny Nom. 





log(0.81) 
20070628 

From Ade: If log 3 = 0.477 . The answer of log 0.81 Answered by Harley Weston. 





Log base 2 of log base 2 of x 
20070627 

From alex: y = log base 2 of lag base 2 of x
The slope of the tangent to the given curve at its xintercept is..? Answered by Harley Weston. 





Exponential form: x^y 
20070622 

From Kishor: whats the easy way to calculate X raised to Y where y is much greater than x. Answered by Stephen La Rocque. 





The law of sines 
20070609 

From Felicia: A parallelogram has one side that is 12.0 cm and one angle that is 65°. The shorter diagonal is 25.0 cm. To the nearest tenth of a centimetre, how long is the other side of the parallelogram? Use the sine law. Answered by Penny Nom. 





Converting mass and volume of water 
20070510 

From Shian: Hello please help, I just can't seem to get the convertion thing and my mom tried to help but I still don't get it. How many grams does 1 milliliter of water weight? I was told 1g. How many grams does 0.1 liter of water weight? I was told 0.1g. Can you tell me if the answers given are correct with an explaination that I can understand? Thank you. Answered by Stephen La Rocque. 





Understanding log equations 
20070510 

From Sean: The number, N, of people who have heard a rumor spread by mass media at time, t, in days is modelled by N (t) = a / 1+ be^ kt. If 50 people have heard the rumour initially and 300,000 people hear the rumour eventually, find a and b. If the rumour is initially spreading at the rate of 500 people per day, find k. Answered by Penny Nom. 





What is the limit of 3.x^(3/x) as x approaches +infinity? 
20070411 

From Teodora: What is the limit of 3.x^3/x as x approaches +infinity ? Answered by Haley Ess. 





Logarithms 
20070409 

From Emi: Given log10 2=0.30 and log10 3=0.47
How to i express 6 x 10power 14 in logarithm answer.
Please help me.
Thank you.
Emi Answered by Stephen La Rocque. 





A logarithm of a product and the product of logarithms 
20070227 

From Sharon: Can you please explain Explain the difference between a logarithm of a product and the product of logarithms and give examples of each? Answered by Stephen La Rocque and Penny Nom. 





Centimeters to cubic meters and grams to kilograms 
20070214 

From Colleen: A box of balls measures 120cm by 20cm by 20cm and weighs 48 g. One thousand boxes = x cubic meters and weighs x kilograms. Also, one million boxes = x cubic metes and weighs x kilograms. One billion boxes = x cubic meters and weighs x kilograms. Solve for x. Answered by Stephen La Rocque. 





The interior angles of a parallelogram 
20070207 

From jenniffeir: Can a parallelogram have two 45 degree angles and two 75 degree angles? Answered by Haley Ess. 





The diagonals of a parallelogram are mutually bisecting 
20070121 

From Greta: I am having trouble proving that the diagonals of a parallelogram are mutually bisecting. Answered by Penny Nom. 





Two consecutive angles of a parallelogram 
20070117 

From Veronica: The measures of two consecutive angles of a parallelogram are in the ratio 9:11. Find the measure of each angle. Answered by Penny Nom. 





A problem involving logs 
20061126 

From Beth: any help would be appreciated on how to solve without using the change of base formula for logarithms in the solution and check of the solution!!!
log256 (x) + log16 (x) + log4 (x) + log 2 (x) = 7/4 Answered by Stephen La Rocque and Penny Nom. 





An angle in a parallelogram 
20060813 

From Sam: Parallelogram ABCD has diagonal AC equal in length to side AB. CD is produced to E so that D is between E and C. If angle BAC =30 degrees find the size of angle ADE. Answered by Stephen La Rocque. 





How many digits are in the number 2^64? 
20060614 

From Trang: How many digits are in the number 2^{64}? Answered by Stephen La Rocque. 





The area of a parallelogram 
20060312 

From Shayne: Is there a method of finding the area of a trapezium or/and parallelogram even if the height is not given? Could you also explain how to find the height? Answered by Penny Nom. 





What names are known for the quarter circle shape? 
20060306 

From Christina: What names are known for the quarter circle shape? Answered by Stephen La Rocque and Penny Nom. 





An equation involving logarithms 
20060305 

From Chris: Given that log_{e} y = 0.3log_{e}x+1.2 show that y=3.32 x^{0.3}
Answered by Penny Nom. 





6^(x+1) = 12^(x3) 
20060205 

From BB: 6^{x+1} =12^{x3} Answered by Penny Nom. 





Who is lying? 
20060114 

From Diane: A business man was working in his home office when he realized he had left a fivedollar bill in the book he had been reading. He called his butler to bring him the book from the library. When he got the book, the bill was no longer there. He then questioned the maid and the butler. The maid remembered seeing the bill between pages 99 and 100 in a book to the left of a business book. The butler did not recall seeing the bill, but was sure the book was to the right of the business book, because to the left of it there was a statistics book. Who is lying?
Answered by Penny Nom. 





Differentiation, powers and logs 
20060106 

From Claudia:
Question: how do I find the derivative of
x* ln(x+(e^2))^2
x^lnx
x^(e^(x^2))
Answered by Penny Nom. 





A 24 sided polygon 
20051214 

From Matt: I would like to know if there is a name for a 24 sided shape Answered by Penny Nom. 





Inclusive definitions 
20051214 

From Layla:
recently the solvable quandary of 5+5+5=550 came up (the question says that you have to put 1 straight line somewhere in the equation to make it true with out turning the "=" into a "not=" sign).
So two answers were put forward:
545+5=550 (the use of a line converting a + into a 4)
AND
5+5+5(less than or equal to)550
There is currently an argument about the second solution. The disagreement is about whether this sign can be used. One person is arguing that the "less than or equal to" sign defines that the number on the left is in the range 550 and below. The other is saying that since the number (which is clearly defined with no variables) can never equal 550, then the "less than or equal to" sign cannot be used in this case.
Which one is the correct definition?
Answered by Walter Whiteley. 





Express t as a function of d 
20051130 

From Matthew:
I have a problem on my homework I cant seem to figure out. Basically it gives me this Linear Regression Equation:
ln t=1.5 ln d0.8954
and it wants be to transform the equation expressing t as a function of d. For some reason I keep getting it wrong. Anyone got an idea of how to do this?
Answered by Penny Nom. 





Percent or percentage 
20051103 

From Kenneth:
Which word should be used in the following?
Change a (percent or percentage) to a decimal.
Should the word percent be used only when a number precedes it as in 45 percent?
Answered by Harley Weston and Chris Fisher. 





cos x * cos 2x * cos 4x * cos 8x 
20050829 

From Leandro:
A = cos x * cos 2x * cos 4x * cos 8x
What's the value of log A at base 2?
Answered by Chris Fisher and Penny Nom. 





y = log(x) + x. Solve for x. 
20050826 

From Alain:
I have the following equation:
y = ln(x) + x
How do I solve for x?
Answered by Penny Nom. 





How many digits? 
20050607 

From Floren: The numbers 2^{1989} and 5^{1989} are written one after another. How many digits in all are there? Answered by Claude Tardif. 





Logarithmic differentiation 
20050523 

From Richard: I need to convince myself that I understand the process of
differentiating y=x^{x}.
The specific question is that if I have to take the logarithm of both sides
of the equation how can differentiate the following?
y= {(x+2)^{(x+2)}}/{(x+1)^{(x+1)}}  {(x+1)^{(x+1)}}/(x^{x}),
I have an idea that the differential of this fairly complex function
is itself ... am I right or wrong. Answered by Penny Nom. 





A torus and a sphere 
20050327 

From Tony: Is it possible to shrink a torus into a sphere? Answered by Andrei Volodin and Penny Nom. 





Trading fish for bread 
20050225 

From Mike: Byron lives where people trade goods they produce for other things they
need. He has some fish and wants to trade them for bananas. He finds
the following:
5 fish = 2 loaves of bread
6 oranges = 2 melons
1 loaf of bread = 1 banana and 3 oranges
4 loaves of bread = 14 oranges
How many bananas can Byron get with 5 fish? Answered by Penny Nom. 





arcsech x 
20050210 

From Monica: Prove that arcsech x = ln[(1 + (1x^{2})^{(1/2)}) / x ] Answered by Penny Nom. 





Extraneous solutions 
20050204 

From Heather: My teacher wants to know why there are extraneous solutions in logarithms? Answered by Penny Nom. 





Some logarithm problems 
20050127 

From Jo: Given ln x=7.1; ln y=8.2, Find ln(x^3y^7) Answered by Penny Nom. 





ln(hx+n) 
20050107 

From Anibal: if I have the eq.
y=hx+n
and I want to know ln(y), how do I process
ln(hx+n)? Answered by Penny Nom. 





A line from the center of the patch to the periphery 
20050101 

From Sandrine: I am currently researching a patch disease of grasses. These patches are roughly circular. I need a term for a line from the center of the patch to the periphery. Since the patches are not perfectly circular, my supervisors tell me I cannot use the word 'radius'. What else could I use? Answered by Denis Hanson and Harley Weston. 





e = ln(b/a) solve for a 
20041201 

From Daniel: I am trying to make "a" the subject of this equation "e = ln(b/a)" but am not sure if i'm doing it right. Any help would be appriciated, Answered by Claude Tardif. 





Crossing a river 
20040909 

From Barb: Nine men and two boys, trekking through the jungle, need to cross a river. They have a small inflatable boat and it's easy enough to row it across the river. The boat, however, can hold no more than one man or the two boys. How can they all get across? (Hint. suppose there was only one man and two boys) Does it make math sense and what would the answer be Answered by Penny Nom and Claude Tardif. 





Two problems 
20040802 

From JJ: A question on my homework assignment about logs says "suppose that x=logA and y=logB & write the expression in terms of x and y"
log(A  B)
Is this even possible? It seems like a typo.
Another is: "solve for t."
12(1.221)^t = t + 3
Is this one possible? If it is, I cant figure it out. Answered by Penny Nom. 





A parallelogram 
20040730 

From Keith: I'm a high school student and have been having trouble with this problem , which is based on one pair of parallel sides of a parallelogram: If AD = 6x5 and BC = 3x+7 find x. Of course both sides have to be equal. Now I know the value of x is 4 So my question is how do you get 4 from the given information. Answered by Penny Nom. 





12(1.221)^t = t + 3 
20040714 

From Jay: This problem has me stumped since i cannot separate the t and the 3. Here it is:
12(1.221)^{t} = t + 3
It's on a logarithm worksheet, but how do i figure it out?! Answered by Harley Weston. 





(ln(50/x)) / (ln(40/x)) = a 
20040621 

From Un eleve: (ln(50/x)) / (ln(40/x)) = a = constante
comment extraire la variable x ??? Answered by Claude Tardif. 





Logs 
20040229 

From Sandy: find X
3/2logb41/2logb8+logb2=logbx
my book uses prop 7 to rewrite as
logb4raised3/2logb8raised2/3+logb2=logbx; then writes
logb8logb4+logb2=logbx how did it get here? Answered by Claude Tardif. 





A problem with logs 
20040222 

From Caitlyn: problem: ln x + ln (x2) = 1
I can solve this on the calculator, but the book wants 1+ [(sqroot)1+e]. How can I get the e? Answered by Penny Nom. 





Logarithms 
20040201 

From A student: Where did the word logarithmic come from? Where/whom did it originate? Answered by Harley Weston. 





Making a windmill 
20040102 

From Matthew: I am a farmer in Ontario. It has been almost 20 years since high school. I am toying with making a windmill. The output chart for the the old generator I have is shown below. Before I tear it appart I would like to develop a formula from the chart that can predict the output at various speeds. Answered by Penny Nom. 





Domain of a function 
20031014 

From Karim: Find the Domain of the Function H(x) = Log3 (4x + 7)10 H(x) = log base 3 times 4X plus 7 minus 10 i am having problem solving these kinds of problems. Answered by Penny Nom. 





Applications of logarithms 
20030916 

From A student: I have a project due in my algebra two class dealing with logs and where they are used in life, but I am having trouble finding websites that relate. So I would really appreciate it if you couldhelp me. Answered by Penny Nom. 





Terminology 
20030831 

From Maria: My daughter Veronica is a rising 6th grader and has to complete some Summer Math assignments and would like to ask you three questions:  ___________ are number pairs that have a product of 1.
 You can name any point on a plane with two numbers. These two numbers are called _____________.
 A _______________ is the size of a cube that is exactly 1 inch on each edge.
Thanks, Answered by Penny Nom. 





Natural logarithms 
20030722 

From Amanda: I'm going into my senior year of high school. I will be taking AP calculus, and my teacher gave us some homework over the summer. However, there are two things that I do not understand how to do. The first is, she wants us to be able to generate a unit circle by hand using 30, 60 and 90 degree triangles. I have used the unit circle in trigonometry, however I was never taught how to draw it. Secondly, I need to know how to do natural logarithms without a calculator. I was not taught how to do this, and the worksheet I was given only showed me how to complete them using a calculator. Answered by Claude Tardif. 





Solve x = y^z for z 
20030628 

From Nathan: If x = y^z is there a way to solve for z, if x and y are given, without guessing or already knowing the answer?
ie: 64 = 2^z 6 is the obvious value for z. Is there a way I could solve for this variable using a formula, which would also apply when more complex values were substituted for x and y? Answered by Penny Nom. 





R= 5.3lnx + x. 
20030511 

From A student: Reaction R to a dose x is given by: R= 5.3lnx + x. For a certain drug, R must not exceed 21. Show that a dose between 8 and 12 units satisfies this requirement & find, correct to 5 decimal places, the greates value of x which satisfies this condition? Answered by Harley Weston. 





Jo's books 
20030407 

From Miguel: Jo announces, "I have more than 999 books." Jean says: "No Jo! You have fewer than 1,000 books." Mary says: "Jo has at least 1 book." Only one of these statements is true. How many books does Jo own? Answered by Penny Nom. 





The area of a parallelogram 
20030406 

From A student: Find the area of the parallelogram with vertices (0,0),(7,2),(10,7),(3,5) Answered by Penny Nom. 





Division names 
20030310 

From A parent: what is the answer to a division problem called Answered by Penny Nom. 





Can a square be a rhombus? 
20030304 

From Beth: Can a square be a rhombus? Some sources say yes, some say no. Some sources define a rhombus as a quadrilateral and parallelogram with equal sides, but without right angles. Some sources say a square is a special case of a rhombus. Clarity, please! Answered by Walter Whiteley. 





Can a square be considered a rectangle? 
20030227 

From Carla:
Can a square be considered a rectangle? (since opposite sides are same length and parallel) Would a regular hexagon or octagon be considered a parallelogram since its opposite sides are parallel? or does a parallelogram HAVE to have only 4 sides? Answered by Penny Nom. 





Radians 
20030116 

From Erikson: I am a student in the 10th grade and attending advanced math at my high school. I was assign to do a report about the unit circle and the radian. But there seems to be no information available about the history of the radian; who first found out about them, which civilizations used it if any. Well, hopefully you'll assist me in this troubling question. Thank you for your kind consideration. Answered by Penny Nom. 





NO REDHATTED DWARVES ALLOWED 
20030114 

From Dulce:
There are 1000 dwarves in Dwarfland. Now as you know, dwarves are born with either red or white hats on. The dwarves in Dwarfland love to party. Every night, they all flock to the same club to dance the night away. One day, a sign is posted at the club: "NO REDHATTED DWARVES ALLOWED". A certain number of days pass, after which all of the whitehatted dwarves are in attendance,and none of the reds. How did the red hats know not to come? Assumptions:  The number of red and whitehatted dwarves need not be equal. There are at least 1 of each color.
 There are no reflections or mirrors in Dwarfland (i.e. the dwarves can't see the color of their own hat), and no dwarf can reveal through direct or indirect means the color of another dwarf's hat.
 There is NO COMMUNICATION among dwarves
 No whitehatted dwarf ever misses a night of partying
Answered by Claude Tardif. 





A rope trick 
20021205 

From Jerry: My name is Jerry and I am a math teacher at the secondary school level in the greater Toronto area. I posed the following problem to my enriched grade 10 math class that I found in the book called "Mathematics and the Imagination" by William Kastner. According to the author, it is posible for two people linked to each other with two ropes around their hands, to separate themselves without letting go of the rope. The students had lots of fun trying to accomplish this problem using skipping ropes from the Phys Ed department, but with no success. Answered by Penny Nom. 





Three bags of marbles 
20021108 

From A student: I have 3 bags of marbles 1 bag is labeled blue; 2nd bag is labeled red; 3rd bag is labeled blue & red all the bags are mismarked your job is to take one marble from 1 bag look at it and correctly label all the bags Answered by Penny Nom. 





8 squares from 12 sticks 
20021008 

From A student: If you have 12 sticks the same size, how do you make them into 8 squares? Answered by Claude Tardif. 





The community garden 
20020908 

From Michele: Bryce, Duanne, Juliana and Sonya share a 40ft by 48 ft rectangular portion of the community garden in the neighborhood. With this space each has their own rectangular garden plot. Bryce is the only one with a square plot. its are is 1/2 the area of Duanne's The area of Bryce's plot is 2/3 the area of Julianna's plot. Their plots have one side in common. Sonya's garden has an area twice that of Julianna's garden. What are the dimensions of each person's garden plot? Answered by Leeanne Boehm. 





Parallelograms 
20020821 

From Moorthy: 11 parallel lines are intersected by another 9 parallel lines.Then how many parallelograms are formed? Answered by Walter Whiteley. 





20 men dig 40 holes in 60 days 
20020724 

From Lindsey: 20 men dig 40 holes in 60 days. So, 10 men can dig 10 holes in how many days? Answered by Penny Nom. 





Conversion of units 
20020429 

From Matt: I am having trouble finding a workable equation for the following problem, particularly the conversion of two systems of measurement. The question states that there are 27 grams of salt in a kilogram of seawater. And it asks how many tonnes (1 tonne = 1000 kilograms) of salt are there in one cubic kilometer of ocean. It also says that the density of seawater is 1.1 g/cm3. What is the equation and how do I figure out how many kilograms there are in a cubic kilometre? Answered by Harley Weston. 





Logico mathematical knowledge 
20020123 

From A teacher: How does young children's logico mathematical knowledge develop? Answered by Walter Whitely. 





The probability that the area of a triangle is smaller that 1/8 
20011221 

From Hoda: Given unit square pick two points on adjacent sides of the square , what is the probability that the area of the resulting triangle is smaller that 1/8? I tried to tackle the problem by first sketching a square with the four vertices at (0,0), (1,1), (0,1) and (1,1). The answer seems to be the area under the curve y=0.25/x between 1 and 0, but how can you integrate such a function when ln0 is undefined? any help would be highly appreciated. Answered by Andrei Volodin. 





Normal lines 
20011211 

From Kristie: Why are perpendicular lines called normal lines? Answered by Chris Fisher. 





Applied geometry 
20011102 

From Jenny: Where can I find some handson activities for my Applied Geometry classes? I want to do more activities with them that allow us to get out of the classroom. However, I want to use activities that use only inexpensive equipment because I usually buy the equipment myself. Answered by Walter Whiteley. 





Who owns what pet? 
20011003 

From A parent: Don, Frank, Jenny, and Ken each come from one state, either Alaska, Maine, Montana, or Oklahoma. They each speak one primary language, either English, french, Russian, or Spanish. And they each have one of four pets, a chinchilla, a dog, a hamster, or a turtle. Figure out which language and what pet each of the four people have, using the following clues. . . . Answered by Judi McDonald. 





300 pounds 
20010912 

From Cassie: HOW MANY KILOS IS IN 300 POUNDS? Answered by Penny Nom. 





1996^1999 and 1999^1996 
20010729 

From Rajesh: what is greater 1999^{1997} or 1997^{1999}? Answered by Chris Fisher. 





Two log problems 
20010616 

From A student: Hi..this is one of 9th grade student in Fort Worth TX. well..I am doing EPGY stuffs in my school right now..and.. me and my teacher had problems to solve some advanced logarithmic thing. so I searched some sites to solve these two questions  (log base 7 * 10) * (log base 10 * X ) = 2
 log base 10 * (3x4) + log base 12 * X
 (log base 12 * 2) + (log base 12 * 5)
= log base 10 *4 Answered by Harley Weston. 





Taking matches 
20010505 

From Mark: Two piles of matches are on a table. A player can remove a match from either pile or a match from both piles. The player who takes the last match loses. If there are two players, how should you play? Answered by Claude Tardif. 





Genealogy 
20010322 

From Brian: In considering tracing genealogy the problem of a large and growing number of direct (grandparent) ancestors arose. Since the number of grandparents in any given generation doubles, for a person born in 2000 and assuming 25 year generations, in the year 1000 that person would have over one trillion direct ancestors in that year alone. Since estimates I have read place the total world population in 1000 at 250300 million, the one trillion figure cannot be correct. I must be missing something in my calculations. Can you help provide the answer? While I am unlikely to be able to trace back to 1000, there is reason to believe 1250 is possible. Even in that year there would exist over one billion direct ancestors. That is certainly rather daunting and unlikely to be achieved if correct. Answered by Penny Nom. 





How can you prove a quadrilateral to be a parallelogram? 
20010316 

From Joy: How can you prove a quadrilateral to be a parallelogram? Answered by Walter Whiteley. 





P vs NP problem 
20010301 

From Roy: What math journals would publish a proposed solution to the P vs NP problem when the work has been done by an amateur mathematician who has no degree in math? Answered by Claude Tardif. 





Faces 
20010221 

From Sandy: How many faces are there on a sphere? What are the faces of a cone? What is the definition of a "face" of a 3D object? Answered by Walter Whiteley. 





Crossing the dessert 
20010129 

From Zach: An Explorer needed to make a 5 day trip across a dessert. Each man with him could carry exactly 3 days food and water. For one man how many men will it take to cross the dessert? Answered by Claude Tardif. 





Derfs, Enajs and Sivads 
20010107 

From John and Norman: All Derfs are Enajs. Onethird of all Enajs are Derfs. Half of all Sivads are Enajs. One Sivad is a Derf. Eight Sivads are Enajs. The number of Enajs is 90. How many Enajs are neither Derf nor Sivad? Answered by Penny Nom. 





An integration problem 
20001130 

From A student: If a>0 and the integral from b to 0 of 1/(1+x) equals 1/2 the integral from a to 0 of 1/(1+x), express "b" in terms of "a" Answered by Claude tardif. 





Transporting bananas 
20001018 

From Krystie: A farm has 45 bananas, a man has to take a truck and transport 15 bananas to a market that is 15 miles away. Every mile he travels, he must eat a banana. I have to get at least one banana to the market Answered by Penny Nom. 





Where will we use this in the real world? 
20001011 

From Jane Ann Musgrove: As a teacher of mathematics, I am always asked "Where will we use this in the real world?". I am seeking ideas/sites via the internet where students can find answers to this type of question. Can you help me? To be more specific, right now I am interested in finding careers where the employees would use the concepts of "Radicals", "Matrices", and "Logarithms". This information will be used by students to make presentations to the class on their findings from internet searches. Answered by Harley Weston. 





Isolating an exponent 
20000924 

From C. Scott: Suppose you invest $500.00 in an account that pays 10% interest compounded annually. How long will it take for this value to triple? A=p(1 + i)^{a} A=1500 i=0.1 1500=500(1.1)^{a} p=500 a=unknown How do you solve this problem algebraicly? How do you isolate the variable (a) when it is an exponent? Answered by Harley Weston. 





A proof that 1=2 
20000919 

From sporky: Why does the proof for 1=2 not work? x = 1 x^{2} = 1 x = x^{2} 1 = 2x (derivitive) 1 = 2(1) 1 = 2 ??? please tell me where the false logic is. Answered by Walter Whiteley. 





Selling chickens 
20000912 

From Rick: A man raised chickens. He sold all but 8 of them. The first buyer bought 1/3 of all the chickens + 2/3 of a single chicken. The second buyer bought 1/3 of the remaining chickens + 1/3 of a single chicken. The third buyer bought 1/3 of the remainder + 2/3 of a chicken. How many chickens did the seller own before selling any? All chickens were alive and whole when the buyers received them. Answered by Penny Nom. 





Logs and trig functions 
20000912 

From Becky: How do they get these answers?  log 8 + log 2 = ?
Answer is: log 16
 For 0 degree < x < 90 degree, how many solutions are there for the equation 2sin x = cos x?
Answer: 1
Answered by Penny Nom. 





LOG(LN(x)) = 1 
20000728 

From An algebra student: LET F(x)=LOG X AND G(x)= LN X. SOLVE (f *G)(x)= 1 SHOW COMPOSITION AND USE DEFINITION OF LOGS. Answered by Harley Weston. 





An equation involving x to the x 
20000722 

From Joy Peter: I am joy, a teacher teaching Maths at the secondary level and while solving a sum came to this stage when i got x^{x} (1 + log x) = 0, by which we can conclude that x^{x} = 0 or 1 + log x = 0. If x^{x} = 0, than what should be the value of x? I feel that the value of x should then be 0 (zero) but then how do I explain this to the students as we also know that anything to the power of 0 is 1 but here 0 raised to 0 is 1. If this is not defined then how do I explain this? Answered by Penny Nom. 





Radioactive decay 
20000518 

From Catherine Sullivan: Please help me with the following: The radioactive isotope carbon14 is present in small quantities in all life forms, and it is constantly replenished until the organism dies, after which it decays to carbon12 at a rate proportional to the amount of C14 present, with a half life of 5730 years. Suppose C(t) is the amount of C14 at time t.  Find the value of the constant k in the differential equation: C'=kC
 In 1988 3 teams of scientists found that the Shroud of Turin, which was reputed to be the burial cloth of Jesus, contained 91% of the amount of C14 contained in freshly made cloth of the same material. How old is the Shroud according to the data?
Answered by Harley Weston. 





The Village of Truth 
20000510 

From Sean Pearson: Our teacher gave us a logic problem involving two villages: the village of truth, and the village of lies. The problem is in asking two guards the right question to gain entrance to the fenced compound the villages are in without being shot. Have you heard of this problem ? Answered by Harley Weston. 





Two calculus problems 
20000501 

From Kaushal Shah: How Do WE Integrate the following Functions,  Integral xtanx dx
 How was natural base "e" discovered and why e=2.7.......
Answered by Claude Tardif. 





Logs 
20000412 

From Jessica: Write as a single log 3ln x  2ln(y+e) + 5ln(x12)  4ln y Answered by Harley Weston. 





Compounding continuously 
20000321 

From Gina: You deposit $1500 in an account that pays 6.5% annual interest, compounded continuously. Find the balance after 10 years. I'm not sure what to do with the "compounded continuously" part. Answered by Penny Nom. 





Characteristic of a logarithm 
20000314 

From Andrew Strauss: What is the characteristic of log base 18 of 1980 ? Answered by Harley Weston. 





Congruent parts of congruent figures 
20000310 

From Erica: Yesterday, I recieved a test problem asking to prove two line segments equal. Here is the problem as I was given it: Given: paralleogram ABCD AE is perpendicular to DB CF is perpendicular to DB Prove: AE is equal to CF I answered the problem as follows: . . . Answered by Walter Whiteley. 





Tennis doubles 
20000204 

From Brittany Allinson: Cheri, Beth and Jacinta are daughters of Mr. Sullivan, Mr. Marchand, and Mr. Benoit. Four of these people are playing tennis doubles. Mr. Benoit's daughter and Mr. Sullivan are partners. Cheri's father and Mr. Marchand's daughter are also partners. There aren't any father/daughter combinations. Who is Cheri's father? Answered by Penny Nom. 





Logarithms 
20000118 

From Jennifer:
Hi I have a test tomorrow and I was wondering if you could help me with these two problems. Explain how to express y in terms of x if log3y=4log3(2X) The LN key on your scientific calculator is not working, but the ex and LOG keys are. Write directions for calculating a natural logarithm using the ex and LOG keys. Explain why these directions will get you the right answer. Answered by Harley Weston. 





Capacitor discharge rate 
20000109 

From Bill Phillips: I need to be solve for t in the following rate problem for an electrical capacitor. Vr = E(e^t/RC), e=nat. log 2.718 raised to the t/RC power. Answered by Harley Weston. 





Three algebra problems 
19991228 

From Stephanie Branton:
 If P represents the product of all prime numbers less than 1000, what is the value of the unit's digit of P?
 Do any real numbers a and b exist such that: ln(a+b)=ln a + ln b? if so, what are they?
 Define a function by: f(x)=1/1x where x is not equal to 0,1. what is f(f(f(a)))?
Answered by Harley Weston. 





Logarithms 
19991216 

From Pierre: Can you please answer those three question  inverse or the exponential function.
logx 81 = 4, x expo4 = 81, x = +or 4square root 81, x = +or 3 s.s = {3} Why is 3 not acceptable.  .
. . Answered by Harley Weston. 





Log Cancel 
19991203 

From Justin Murray: Ok I feel like a goof because I know this and I cant think of an answer But I want to isolate the x in the function y=2^x how do I do this? Answered by Harley Weston. 





Two derivatives 
19991116 

From Gina Renicker: The derivative of: y=e^{(xlnx)} and y=x^{2arctan(x1/2)} Answered by Harley Weston. 





Area of a circle and an inequality 
19991030 

From Adam Anderson: I have two problems. The first: prove that the area of a cirlce is pi times radius squared without using calculus. The second: show that ln(x) < x  1 for all x > 0. Answered by Harley Weston.






Derivatives with logs 
19991026 

From Kate: What is the derivative of 5 to the 5x2 at x equals 0.8? Answered by Harley Weston. 





log(a) 
19991022 

From Brenda Miskimmin: I need to know the mercury concentration in mg/L or ng/L for the following: log M (Hg) = 8.5 where mw of Hg=200.59 (it's the negative sign in front of log that confuses me). Answered by Harley Weston. 





Solving using logs 
19991011 

From Rich Bolton: Here's my question: $541.39(1+i)^{15}=784.09 Can you please show me how to do this? Answered by Penny Nom. 





Logic and mathematical logic 
19991006 

From Polly Mackenzie: What is the difference between logic and math logic? Answered by Walter Whiteley. 





Jose and Arthur 
19990926 

From Joel Hammer: Jose can run around the track in 40 seconds. Arthur runs with Jose but in the opposite direction. They meet every 15 second. How long will it take Arthur to make one trip around the track? Answered by Denis Hanson. 





Bales of hay 
19990913 

From Ivy: You are given 5 bales of hay. Two bales are weighed at a time, which equal the following weights: 110, 112, 113,114,115,116,117,118,120,121. What does each individual bale weigh? Answered by Harley Weston. 





The three jugs problem 
19990902 

From Kent Lane: I wonder if you could help me figure out this secondary Discrete Math Problem. I cannot figure out where this comes from. Here's the question: You have three containers. Container 1 is a three (3) liter container. Container 2 is a five (5) liter container. Container 3 is an eight (8) liter container that is full of liquid. The goal is to get 4 liters in one of the containers. Stipulations: There are no marks on the containers to measure out the liquid. All you know is that 1 is 3 l., 2 is 5 l., and 3 is 8 l. full of liquid. Answered by Chris Fisher. 





The Bellhop Problem 
19990829 

From Gerard O'Neill: Three fellows going to a Math Conference book into a motel. "That will be $30.00" says the bellhop. Each fellow gives $10.00 and they go off to their room. The manager enters and says "That was a $25.00 room. Go and give them $5.00 back." The bellhop heads off but thinks....."how am I going to split $5.00 between 3 fellows? Hey I will keep two dollars and give each guy a dollar." He does just that.......each fellow now paid $9.00 and the bellhop kept two. 3 X 9= 27 plus the bellhops two = $29.00 Where is the missing dollar? Answered by Harley Weston. 





Crossing the Bridge 
19990827 

From Debbie Walter: If you have four people who need to cross a bridge in the dark with only one flashlight and only two of them can cross at a time and their speeds of crossing are as follows:  one person can cross it in one minute
 one person can cross it in two minutes
 one person can cross it in five minutes
 and the slowest person can cross it in ten minutes
what is the shortest amount of time it would take to get all four across the bridge? Answered by Penny Nom. 





A log problem 
19990508 

From N. Lam: I don't understand how to do this type of question: log(base absolute value x)y = log(base abs.val.x)2 + log(base abs.val.x)(Cos x) How do you graph the equation also, if 2(3.14)<=x<=2(3.14) Answered by Harley Weston. 





A 
19990502 

From Leah: a=b a^2=ab a^2+b^2=abb^2 (ab)(a+b)=b(ab) a+b=b b 2=1 why is this proof wrong? Answered by Penny Nom. 





A Series 
19990420 

From Deepak Shrestha: Given the sequence an=e^(n*Ln(n)), does the series converge and why? Answered by Harley Weston. 





Converting Metric Measurements 
19990408 

From Rick: Do you have any simple explanations for converting Metric measurements to other Metric measurements?? What helpful hints do you also have for a 5th Grader... Answered by Penny Nom. 





Universal Area 
19990408 

From Karen Richardson: I need a formula for area that works for a square, a rectangle, a parallelogram, a trapezoid, and a triangle. Answered by Jack LeSage, Chris Fisher and Harley Weston. 





Circumference and Area 
19990216 

From Natalie: finding the circumference of a circle? formula finding the area of a parallelogram? formula
Answered by Penny Nom. 





John Napier and e 
19990206 

From Shimin: I would like to ask about the exact definition of e, its history (like how John Napier came about discovering it) and its applications in problems and real life situations. Thank you! Answered by Chris Fisher. 





Logs 
19981021 

From Benny: What does log means? How come we have to use log Answered by Chris Fisher. 





An Implication 
19980927 

From Danielle Evans: i am in my second year of math for the liberal arts and a problem has be terribly confused.. can you answer this [(p > q) ^ (q > p)] > (p <> q) is this an implication?? i would love to hear your answer thank you... danielle evans Answered by Chris Fisher. 





Two Problems 
19980728 

From James Pulver: How do you solve these problem? If log abc=16 and log ac=12 , find b. (The logs are log base 10.) and If a and b are real numbers, i^2 = 1 and (a+b)+5i=9+ai what is the value of b? Answered by Jack LeSage. 





A Logic Problem 
19980607 

From Anthony Bacigalupo: My name is Anthony Bacigalupo and I take Sequential ][ Math and am taking a practice regents. When doing a logic problem, I encountered the following statements, where I am trying to prove P ( I left out steps unrelated to the question).... Answered by Chris Fisher. 





Isosceles trapezoid formula 
19980512 

From Donna McMullin: The teacher of Gifted and Talented Math has been trying to locate the formula for anisosceles trapezoid and we can't find it anywhere. Could it be the same formula for that of a parallelogram ? Please advise. Answered by Walter Whiteley. 





Logic and Matrix Instruction 
19980424 

From Robin Booker: I need assistance with instruction strategies to teach the construction of a matrix, solving a logic problem. Providing instruction in the construction of a simple matrix , no problem. However, I stumpted on this one. Five players were chosen as All Stars at the basketball banquet. Based on the following clues, find the player's name, team, uniform color and number of points scored.... Answered by Harley Weston. 





A Problem with Logs. 
19971126 

From Herman: Given log 24=a, log 25=b and log 26=c, express log 39 in terms of a, b and c. Answered by Penny Nom. 





Natural Logarithm Functions 
19970423 

From Rickson: The following two questions are some of my son's homework that he is having trouble with......any advice or assistance would be appreciated. (eX)5=1000.............the X and 5 are exponents lnx + ln(x+3) = ln10 In each question the problem is to find x. Answered by Harley Weston. 





The Division Bracket. 
19970409 

From Judy Riley: A fellow teacher recently asked if I remembered the exact word for a division bracket (not the symbol with dots, the horizontal line in a fraction, or a solidus). I couldn't. Can you help? Answered by Walter Whiteley and Harley Weston. 





Smith, Rodriguez and Jones 
19961107 

From Rafayel Ambartsumyan: On a train, Smith, Rodriguez, Jones are the fireman, brakeman, and engineer, but not in that order. Also aboard the train are three businessman who have the same names, a Mr. Smith, a Mr. Rodriguez, and a Mr. Jones. ..... Who is the engineer? Answered by Penny Nom. 





Pronunciation 
19960305 

From Todd Stienhauser: Is 123.4 pronounced "one hundred and twenty three and four tenths"or "one hundred twenty three and four tenths"? Answered by Penny Nom. 





Terminologie mathematique 
20101031 

From Adil: Bonjour ,
Pourriezvous m'indiquer les titre et auteur d'un bon dictionnaire
francais anglais de terminologie mathematique ?
Auriezvous egalement l'adresse d'un site web traduisant du francais
a l'anglais les termes ert expressions mathematiques ?
Merci par avance,
Adil Answered by PierreLouis Gagnon. 





J'ai l'équation X^n=Y Je cherche à sortir n. 
20081105 

From JeanPhilippe: Bonjour.
J'ai l'équation X^n=Y
Je cherche à sortir n.
Existetil une équation donnant n=f(X,Y) ? Answered by PierreLouis Gagnon et Émile Létourneau. 





Logarithmique et semi logarithmique 
20080308 

From azaar: Je veux savoir comment passer d'un échelle linière à l'échelle logarithmique ou semi logarithmique ? Answered by LierreLouis Gagnon. 





Dérivée logarithmique 
20070304 

From Albert: Déterminer la dérivée première des fonctions logarithmiques suivantes : 1) f (x) = x exposant x 2) f (x) = x exposant e exposant 2x Answered by Claude Tardif. 





logarithme 
20061024 

From Julie: Loga(x^24)  loga(x2) Answered by Claude Tardif. 





ln(x+3)+ln(x+2)=ln(x+11) 
19991124 

From Thibault Portevin: "Résolvez l'équation : ln(x+3)+ln(x+2)=ln(x+11)" Je suis bloqué, pourriezvous m'aider? Answered by Claude Tardif. 





logarithme neperien 
19991110 

From Louise Kieffer: D'où provient la valeur e ( 2,7....) des logarithmes népériens ? Answered by Claude Tardif. 

