







Why Mean? 
20190508 

From Jill: A group of teachers were trying to figure out why the”mean” is called mean  do you know?? Answered by Penny Nom. 





More on dominoes 
20190409 

From B: A previous answer
(http://mathcentral.uregina.ca/QQ/database/QQ.09.00/mark2.html)
considered a method to make a line of all 28 dominoes.
Since there are an even number of each value, such a solution can be put into a circle.
Aside from the choice of starting tile, is the solution unique? Answered by Penny Nom. 





Form a cone from a circle sector 
20180812 

From Tinashe: A 216 sector of a circle of radius 5cm is bent to form a cone. Find the radius of the base of the cone and its vertical angle. Answered by Penny Nom. 





A fraction 
20180502 

From Adwin: The denominator of a rational number is greater than its numerator by 8. If the numerator is increased by 17 the number obtained is 3 by 2. Find the number. Answered by Penny Nom. 





The intersection of a curve and a line 
20180308 

From lola: find the set of values of constant C for which the line y=x+c intersects the curve y=2 square root x at, at two distinct points Answered by Penny Nom. 





The maximum area of a rectangle with a given perimeter 
20170602 

From Bob: How would I go about finding the maximum area of a rectangle given its perimeter (20m, for example)? Answered by Penny Nom. 





Spraying an acre 
20160807 

From Sara: I have a spray rig that is 80' wide. How many feet must I go to have sprayed an acre? Answered by Penny Nom. 





Maximizing the area of a two lot region 
20160403 

From yousef: A man wishes to enclose two separate lots with 300m of fencing. One lot is a square and the other a rectangle whose length is twice its width. Find the dimensions of each lot if the total area is to be a minimum. Answered by Penny Nom. 





An equation with fractions 
20160309 

From Ed: 7/10___ +3/2=6/5 Answered by Penny Nom. 





The evaluation of a 3 by 3 determinant 
20160219 

From Kristen: What is the stepbystep process on how to evaluate the determinant of a 3*3 matrix, using the expansion method (not the diagonal method) Answered by Penny Nom. 





A Max/Min problem with an unknown constant 
20160117 

From Guido: Question:
The deflection D of a particular beam of length L is
D = 2x^4  5Lx^3 + 3L^2x^2
where x is the distance from one end of the beam. Find the value of x that yields the maximum deflection. Answered by Penny Nom. 





A relative maximum and a relative minimum 
20151228 

From kemelo: show for the following function f(x)=x+1/x has its min value greater than its max value Answered by Penny Nom. 





Dealing with surds 
20151114 

From Agnes: simplify (1√3)(1÷3+√3) Answered by Penny Nom. 





A calculus optimization problem 
20150514 

From Ali: Given an elliptical piece of cardboard defined by (x^2)/4 + (y^2)/4 = 1. How much of the cardboard is wasted after the largest rectangle (that can be inscribed inside the ellipse) is cut out? Answered by Robert Dawson. 





The method of elimination 
20150501 

From oreanna:
Question from oreanna, a student:
How do u solve 2x+9y=3
7x4y=25 in elimination Answered by Penny Nom. 





Constructing a box of maximum volume 
20150414 

From Margot: I need to do a PA for maths and I'm a bit stuck.
The PA is about folding a box with a volume that is as big as possible. The first few questions where really easy but then this one came up.
8. Prove by differentiating that the formula at 7 does indeed give you the maximum volume for each value of z. Answered by Penny Nom. 





A word problem with fractions 
20150409 

From Lorraine: If the numerator of a certain fraction is doubled and the denominator is increased by 1, the fraction becomes 1/2.
If the numerator of the original faction is squared and the denominator is decreased by 2, the fraction becomes equal to 1.
Let x be the numerator and let y be the denominator of the original fraction.
Write down two simultaneous equation in x and y.
Solve these equations to find two possible values for the given fraction. Answered by Penny Nom. 





A cone of maximum volume 
20150316 

From Mary: I have to use a 8 1/2 inch by 11 inch piece of paper to make a cone that will hold the maximum amount of ice cream possible by only filling it to the top of the cone. I am then supposed to write a function for the volume of my cone and use my graphing calculator to determine the radius and height of the circle. I am so confused, and other than being able to cut the paper into the circle, I do not know where to start. Thank you for your help! Mary Answered by Robert Dawson. 





Largest cone in a sphere 
20150115 

From Alfredo: What is the altitude of the largest circular cone that may be cut out from a sphere of radius 6 cm? Answered by Penny Nom. 





Revolutions per minute 
20141024 

From Edward: Hello; I have a 28.2 inch diameter tire; do not worry about engine RPM or gear ratios, please tell me what the RPM
of that tire is at 8 MPH and 64 MPH. Thank you.
Sincerely; Edward Answered by Penny Nom. 





The method of elimination 
20140705 

From leo: please explain how can i solve this problem
3x6y=38
6x9y=44
using elimination and simultaneous method thank you :) Answered by Penny Nom. 





Angular speed 
20140629 

From andrea: a wheel having a radius of 10cm rotates such that the linear speed at its rim is 30mls.
what is the angular speed of the wheel in rpm? Answered by Penny Nom. 





1÷[1√2(order of surd is 4)] 
20140502 

From Anoushka: if t=1÷[1√2(order of surd is 4)] , then t=? Answered by Penny Nom. 





An inequality 
20140125 

From LANELL: this is a problem to solve: 1/3 + 2/7 >=x/21  part of the answer is (oo)
not exactly that similarit is on a calculator as a symbol sure you know what it is I am talking about the x will be a number Answered by Penny Nom. 





Adding mixed numbers 
20131120 

From Kathy: 1 3/4 + 1 2/3= ?
5 1/2  2 5/6= ? Answered by Penny Nom. 





The popcorn box problem 
20131107 

From Dave: We know that calculus can be used to maximise the volume of the tray created when cutting squares from 4corners of a sheet of card and then folding up.
What I want is to find the sizes of card that lead to integer solutions for the size of the cutout, the paper size must also be integer. EG 14,32 cutout 3 maximises volume as does 13,48 cutout 3.
I have done this in Excel but would like a general solution and one that does not involve multiples of the first occurence, as 16, 10 cutout 2 is a multiple of 8,5 cutout 1. Answered by Walter Whiteley. 





Maximize the volume of a cone 
20131009 

From Conlan: Hi I am dong calculus at school and I'm stumped by this question:
A cone has a slant length of 30cm. Calculate the height, h, of the cone
if the volume is to be a maximum.
If anyone can help me it would be greatly appreciated.
thanks. Answered by Penny Nom. 





Miles per minute to miles per hour 
20130908 

From Adam: Convert 250 miles per min to miles per hour Answered by Penny Nom. 





Four equations 
20130808 

From may: HI how to solve this 4 equations?
A+C = 0
4A+B8C+D=1
3A+16C8D=29
12A+3B+16D=5 Answered by Robert Dawson. 





{(1+x)^1/31/3X(1+x)^2/3}/(1+x)^2/3 
20130617 

From STEPHEN: {(1+x)^1/31/3X(1+x)^2/3}/(1+x)^2/3 Answered by Penny Nom. 





4 linear equations with 3 unknowns 
20130412 

From Marian: how to solve for 3 unknowns in 4 simultaneous equations Answered by Penny Nom. 





A linear programming problem 
20130227 

From Kelley: A manufacturer of skis produces two types: downhill and crosscountry. Use the following table to determine how many of each kind of ski should be produced to achieve a maximum profit. What is the maximum profit? What would the maximum profit be if the time available for manufacturing is increased to 48 hours.

Downhill 
Crosscountry 
time available 
manufacturing time per ski 
2 hrs 
1 hr 
40 hr 
finishing time per ski 
1 hr 
1 hr 
32 hr 
profit per ski 
$70 
$50 

Answered by Penny Nom. 





Maximize profit 
20130119 

From Chris: A firm has the following total revenue and total cost function.
TR=100x2x^2
TC=1/3x^35x^2+30x
Where x=output
Find the output level to minimize profit and the level of profit achieved at this output. Answered by Penny Nom. 





The quadratic formula 
20130103 

From itsel: Find the discriminant ans use it to determine the use the quadratic formula to solve the equasion 2x^2+3x+2=0 Answered by Penny Nom. 





A max/min problem 
20121214 

From bailey: A right angled triangle OPQ is drawn as shown where O is at (0,0).
P is a point on the parabola y = ax – x^2
and Q is on the xaxis.
Show that the maximum possible area for the triangle OPQ is (2a^3)/(27) Answered by Penny Nom. 





A project on reclaiming water 
20121211 

From shannon: I'm doing a report to reclaim water off of our campus facility to store in a cistern to use to flush toilets.
In Southeast Wisconsin and average of 82 inches of rain and snow fall annually.
I want to collect that off of the roof of our school building.
The roof is 37128 square feet.
how many gallons annually could I collect? Answered by Penny Nom. 





Minutes and seconds 
20120829 

From Casey: I have to write a variable equation. The questions says there are 60 seconds. but we need to write and equation to solve for minutes. Is it 1/60 or 1/s Answered by Robert Dawson. 





A maximization problem 
20120409 

From Nancy: After an injection, the concentration of drug in a muscle varies according to a function of time, f(t). Suppose that t is measured in hours and f(t)=e^0.02t  e^0.42t. Determine the time when the maximum concentration of drug occurs. Answered by Penny Nom. 





A max min problem 
20120226 

From Christy: Hello, I have no idea where to start with this question.
Bob is at point B, 35 miles from A. Alice is in a boat in the sea at point C, 3 miles from the beach. Alice rows at 2 miles per hour and walks at 4.25 miles per hour, where along the beach should she land so that she may get to Bob in the least amount of time? Answered by Penny Nom. 





Four apples and two oranges cost Rs. 30... 
20120113 

From nasr: Four apples and two oranges cost Rs. 30, and one apple and 3 oranges costs Rs.15.How much does each apple and each oranges cost? Answered by Harley Weston. 





Lost in the woods 
20120112 

From Liz: I am lost in the woods. I believe that I am in the woods 3 miles from a straight road. My car is located 6 miles down the road. I can walk 2miles/hour in the woods and 4 miles/hour along the road. To minimize the time needed to walk to my car, what point on the road should i walk to? Answered by Harley Weston. 





How many rpm does a 3.5 in. diameter wheel turn at 7 miles per hour? 
20111206 

From Al: how many rpm does a 3.5 in. diameter wheel turn at 7 miles per hour Answered by Penny Nom. 





Maximum area of a rectangle 
20111004 

From Lyndsay: A rectangle is to be constructed having the greatest possible area and a perimeter of 50 cm.
(a) If one of the sides of the rectangle measures 'x' cm, find a formula for calculating the area of the rectangle as a function of 'x'.
(b) Determine the dimensions of the rectangle for which it has the greatest area possible. What is the maximum area? Answered by Penny Nom. 





Eliminate y 
20110407 

From Lynn: 2x + y = 8
y + 3z =5
z + 2w =1
5w + 3x = 9
Form three equations with y eliminated Answered by Penny Nom. 





Administration costs and profit 
20110405 

From brian: Hi , If I have direct job costs of $100. and my administration is 20 % and I want to make a 15 % profit , how would I calculate the administration and profit and what would be the total of each be and also the final total?
Thanks,
Brian Answered by Penny Nom. 





Designing a tin can 
20110331 

From Tina: A tin can is to have a given capacity. Find the ratio of the height to diameter if the amount of tin ( total surface area) is a minimum. Answered by Penny Nom. 





8 3/8  6 1/4 
20110321 

From lenora: explain an error pattern in each of the following. 8 3/8  6 1/4 = 2 2/4 Answered by Penny Nom. 





1/a^2 + 1/b^2 
20110119 

From robert: If (a + b)^2 = 81 and ab = 18, find the value of 1/a^2 + 1/b^2 ? Answered by Penny Nom. 





Tiling a swimming pool 
20110109 

From rustom: (a) Find the volume of water in swimming pool with vertical ends and sides
. The length measured at the water line is 50 ft. and the breadth is 20 ft. The
bottom of the swimming pool is a plane sloping gradually downward so that
the depth of the water at one end is 4 ft. and 8ft. at the other end.
(b) If the sides, ends, and bottom of the swimming pool are constructed of
tile blocks whose glaze surface dimensions are 3in by 6in. , and if the ends
and sides of the pool extend 2ft.above the water level, find the number of
blocks used if 1/20 of the surface area is covered by sealing material.
I got the (a) question but I don't know the (b) question which have the answer
of 16,136 blocks. I hope I can get the procedure for this, THANK YOU! Answered by Penny Nom. 





Angular speed 
20101212 

From Jason: 7 in. pulley traveling @ 175ft/sec. What is the rpm? Answered by Stephen La Rocque and Penny Nom. 





Hours minutes and seconds 
20101126 

From beket: I need to turn 1.486588292 into real time hours minutes and seconds. I keep getting multiple answers. Online conversions give me 1 hour 29 minutes and either 11 or 12 seconds. On the calculator I get 1 hour 29 minutes and 20 seconds. Can you explain how to turn this decimal into time? Answered by Robert Dawson and Penny Nom. 





Terminal zeros 
20101104 

From morgan: if I have to multiply 1*2*3*4*5*6*7*8*9*10*11*12*13*14*15*16*17*18*19*20 how many terminal zeros do i get? Answered by Penny Nom. 





30,000 US gallons of water 
20101012 

From mike: If a swimming pool can hold 30,000 US gallons of water  is it possible to calculate the number of yards of dirt it would take to fill the hole? Answered by Penny Nom. 





What is the maximum weekly profit? 
20101010 

From Joe: A local artist sells her portraits at the Eaton Mall.
Each portrait sells for $20 and she sells an average of 30 per week.
In order to increase her revenue, she wants to raise her price.
But she will lose one sale for every dollar increase in price.
If expenses are $10 per portrait, what price should be set to maximize the weekly profits?
What is the maximum weekly profit? Answered by Stephen La Rocque and Penny Nom. 





x/200+x/400+x/600+x/800 
20101008 

From Ashishthombre: step by step LCM of x/200+x/400+x/600+x/800 Answered by Penny Nom. 





Elimination and substitution 
20100918 

From Lauren: Solve one using the method of substitution and the other with the method of elimination.
v
a. y=5x+4
x=2y+1
b. 4x+3y=7
6x3y=13 Answered by Penny Nom. 





Maximizing the volume of a cylinder 
20100831 

From Haris: question: the cylinder below is to be made with 3000cm^2 of sheet metal. the aim of this assignment is to determine the dimensions (r and h) that would give the maximum volume.
how do i do this?
i have no idea. can you please send me a steptostep guide on how t do this?
thank you very much. Answered by Penny Nom. 





A max min problem 
20100819 

From Mark: a rectangular field is to be enclosed and divided into four equal lots by fences parallel to one of the side. A total of 10000 meters of fence are available .Find the area of the largest field that can be enclosed. Answered by Penny Nom. 





Maximize the floor area 
20100707 

From shirlyn: A rectangular building will be constructed on a lot in the form of a right triangle with legs
of 60 ft. and 80 ft. If the building has one side along the hypotenuse,
find its dimensions for maximum floor area. Answered by Penny Nom. 





A max/min problem 
20100612 

From valentin: What is the maximum area of an isosceles triangle with two side lengths equal to 5 and one side length equal to 2x, where 0 ≤ x ≤ 5? Answered by Harley Weston. 





x/a +y /b =a+b : x/a^2+ y/b^2 =2 
20100530 

From smithu: x/a +y /b =a+b : x/a2+ y/b2 =2 solve by using elimination method ,
cross multiplication, substitution method Answered by Penny Nom. 





An optimization problem 
20100523 

From Marina: Hello, I have an optimization homework assignment and this question has me stumped..I don't even know A hiker finds herself in a forest 2 km from a long straight road. She wants to walk to her cabin 10 km away and also 2 km from the road. She can walk 8km/hr on the road but only 3km/hr in the forest. She decides to walk thru the forest to the road, along the road, and again thru the forest to her cabin. What angle theta would minimize the total time required for her to reach her cabin?
I'll do my best to copy the diagram here:
10km
Hiker_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _Cabin
\  /
\  /
f \ 2km /
\  /
theta \___________________________ /
Road Answered by Penny Nom. 





Algebraic fractions 
20100422 

From rory: 3x/(x²64)+4/(x²6x16)= Answered by Robert Dawson and Harley Weston. 





Two max/min problems 
20100411 

From Amanda: 1) Find the area of the largest isosceles triangle that canbe inscribed in a circle of radius 4 inches.
2)a solid is formed by adjoining two hemispheres to the end of a right circular cylinder. The total volume of the solid is 12 cubic centimeters. Find the radius of the cylinder that produces the minimum surface area. Answered by Tyler Wood. 





A max min problem 
20100406 

From Terry: The vertex of a right circular cone and the circular edge of its base lie on the surface of a sphere with a radius of 2m. Find the dimensions of the cone of maximum volume that can be inscribed in the sphere. Answered by Harley Weston. 





A negative times a negative 
20100325 

From priya: why is minus into minus plus? Answered by Harley Weston. 





The distance travelled by a minute hand 
20100306 

From Patric: How much distance will the minutes hand of length 14mm of a clock
cover in moving from 5 to 10? Answered by Penny Nom. 





Least common denominator 
20100213 

From Priscila: 3/8 + 4/5 + 7/3 + 9/10 = ?
Thank you for your assistance.
Priscila Answered by Penny Nom. 





Combining fractions 
20100210 

From Nick: Combine the fractions
2m/t + 5/mt Answered by Penny Nom. 





A cone circumscribed about a given hemisphere 
20100119 

From Neven: The cone of smallest possible volume is circumscribed about a given hemisphere. What is the ratio of its height to the diameter of its base?
(G.F.Simmons, Calculus with Analytic Geometry, CH4 Applications of Derivatives) Answered by Chris Fisher. 





The discriminant 
20100117 

From Sonjonnia: What is the value of the discriminant?
16x^=16x4 Answered by Penny Nom. 





The adjacency matrix of an undirected graph 
20100115 

From Bhavya: Let Cn be the undirected graph with vertex set V = {1,2,3,...,n} and edge set E = {(1,2), (2,3), (3,4),.... , (n1,n), (n,1)}. Let An be the adjacency matrix of Cn.
a. Find the determinant of An.
b. Find (An)^2 Answered by Robert Dawson. 





The minimum point of a quadratic 
20091231 

From rachel: y=0.0008x^20.384x
What is the minimum point of this equation? Answered by Penny Nom. 





Linear programming using the Simplex Method 
20091228 

From William: A gold processor has two sources of gold ore, source A and source B. In order to keep his plant running,
at least three tons of ore must be processed each day. Ore from source A costs $20 per ton to
process, and ore from source B costs $10 per ton to process. Costs must be kept to less than $80 per day.
Moreover, Federal Regulations require that the amount of ore from source B cannot exceed twice the
amount of ore from source A. If ore from source A yields 2 oz. of gold per ton, and ore from source B
yields 3 oz. of gold per ton, how many tons of ore from both sources must be processed each day to
maximize the amount of gold extracted subject to the above constraints?
I need a linear programming solution or algorithm of the simplex method solution.
Not a graphical solution. Thanks. Answered by Janice Cotcher. 





A Lagoon, free form, inground swimming pool 
20091222 

From donna: What is the linear footage of a 14 x 23, Lagoon, free form, inground swimming pool? Answered by Robert Dawson. 





A minute hand 
20091105 

From Pardha: A minute hand of table clock is 3cms long. How far its tip move in 20 minutes Answered by Penny Nom. 





A linear system 
20091020 

From marissa: Solve this linear system
2xy=5
3x+y=9 Answered by Penny Nom. 





A max/min problem 
20091012 

From avien: a rectangle has a line of fixed length Lreaching from the vertex to the midpoint of one of the far sides. what is the maximum possible area of such a rectangle? SHOW SOLUTION USING CALCULUS Answered by Penny Nom. 





Elimination method 
20091008 

From Kenty: How do I solve this problem using the elimination method?
3x7y=0
6x+4y=0
I am not sure how so if someone can show me a similar problem (instead of
solving this one for me) that would be fantastic. Answered by Penny Nom. 





Ordering pizza for 162 people 
20091001 

From Jean: Need to know how to feed about 162 people 70 square inches of pizza at the lowest price.
22" Pizza is $9.95
16" Pizza is $5.25
12" Pizza is $2.99 Answered by Penny Nom. 





Two equations in two unknowns 
20090918 

From Citizen: x+3y=7
x+4y=7 Answered by Penny Nom. 





A rectangular pen 
20090813 

From Kari: A rectangular pen is to be built using a total of 800 ft of fencing. Part of this fencing will be used
to build a fence across the middle of the rectangle (the rectangle is 2 squares fused together so if you can
please picture it).
Find the length and width that will give a rectangle with maximum total area. Answered by Stephen La Rocque. 





A maxmin problem 
20090420 

From Charlene: A fixed circle lies in the plane. A triangle is drawn
inside the circle with all three vertices on the circle and two of the vertices at the
ends of a diameter. Where should the third vertex lie to maximize the perimeter
of the triangle? Answered by Penny Nom. 





The optimal retail price for a cake 
20090325 

From Shawn: Your neighbours operate a successful bake shop. One of their specialties is a cream covered cake. They buy them from a supplier for $6 a cake. Their store sells 200 a week for $10 each. They can raise the price, but for every 50cent increase, 7 less cakes are sold. The supplier is unhappy with the sales, so if less than 165 cakes are sold, the cost of the cakes increases to $7.50. What is the optimal retail price per cake, and what is the bakeshop's total weekly profit? Answered by Robert Dawson. 





A maxmin problem 
20090324 

From Jay: Determine the area of the largest rectangle that can be inscribed between the xaxis and the curve defined by y = 26  x^2. Answered by Harley Weston. 





The weight of water in a swimming pool 
20090310 

From ely: How much does the water in a swimming pool 20 ft long, 10 ft wide, and 6 ft deep weigh? Answered by Penny Nom. 





Linear systems 
20090220 

From Rose: I have been having trouble trying to figure out these three math problems , I need help breaking them down so I could understand them better please help.
1. x = 7  x
2 x  y + 8
2. 8 x + 5 y = 1 8 4
x  y = 3
3. y + 2 x = 3
y + 2 x = 4
I can't figure out how to break them down in the right order. Answered by Penny Nom. 





0/0 
20090215 

From Justin: Hello, I was just wondering, what is the difference between 0/0 being represented as nullity or as an indeterminate form?
Justin Answered by Harley Weston. 





Partial derivatives 
20090117 

From Meghan: I have a question I've been working at for a while with maxima/minima of partial derivatives.
"Postal rules require that the length + girth of a package (dimensions x, y, l) cannot exceed 84 inches in order to be mailed.
Find the dimensions of the rectangular package of greatest volume that can be mailed.
(84 = length + girth = l + 2x + 2y)" Answered by Harley Weston. 





A maximum area problem 
20090113 

From Kylie: Help me please! I don't know how or where to start and how to finish.
The problem is: A window has the shape of a rectangle surmounted by a semicircle. If the perimeter of the window is 15 ft., find the dimensions that will allow the maximum amount of light to enter. Answered by Harley Weston. 





What is the maximum revenue? 
20090109 

From Kristy: A skating rink manager finds that revenue R based on an hourly fee x for
skating is represented by the function R(x) = 200x^2 + 1500x
What is the maximum revenue and what hourly fee will produce
maximum revenues? Answered by Harley Weston. 





A max/min problem 
20090109 

From Angelica: have 400 feet of fence. Want to make a rectangular play area. What dimensions should I use to enclose the maximum possible area? Answered by Robert Dawson. 





A kennel with 3 individual pens 
20090106 

From Jean: An animal clinic wants to construct a kennel with 3 individual pens, each with a gate 4 feet wide and an area of 90 square feet. The fencing does not include the gates.
Write a function to express the fencing as a function of x.
Find the dimensions for each pen, to the nearest tenth of a foot that would produce the required area of 90 square feet but would use the least fencing. What is the minimum fencing to the nearest tenth? Answered by Harley Weston. 





Taxes in Taxylvania 
20081022 

From April: Taxylvania has a tax code that rewards charitable giving. If a person gives p% of his income to charity, that person pays (351.8p)% tax on the remaining money. For example, if a person gives 10% of his income to charity, he pays 17 % tax on the remaining money. If a person gives 19.44% of his income to charity, he pays no tax on the remaining money. A person does not receive a tax refund if he gives more than 19.44% of his income to charity. Count Taxula earns $27,000. What percentage of his income should he give to charity to maximize the money he has after taxes and charitable giving? Answered by Harley Weston. 





Maximize revenue 
20081008 

From Donna: A university is trying to determine what price to charge for football tickets. At a price of 6.oo/ticket it averages 70000 people per game. For every 1.oo increase in price, it loses 10000 people from the average attendance. Each person on average spends 1.5o on concessions. What ticket price should be charged in order to maximize revenue.
price = 6+x, x is the number of increases.
ticket sales = 70000 10000x
concession revenue 1.5(70000  10000x)
I just do not know what to do with the concession part of this equation
(6+x) x (70000  10000x) I can understand but not the concession part please help. thx. Answered by Penny Nom. 





The minimum value of f(x)=maximum{x,x+1,2x} 
20080921 

From Saurabh: The minimum value of the function defined by f(x)=maximum{x,x+1,2x} ? Answered by Penny Nom. 





The volume of a swimming pool 
20080810 

From Ron: What is the volume of a swimming pool when its length is 40 ft, width 20ft, the deep end is 10 ft and the shallow end is 3 ft.? Answered by Penny Nom. 





Nonterminating, nonrepeating decimals 
20080803 

From Peter: How do you take a random, nonterminating, nonrepeating decimal into a fraction? Answered by Stephen La Rocque. 





A square and a circle 
20080720 

From kobina: 4 ft of a wire is to be used to form a square and a circle. how much of the wire is to be used for the square and how much should be used for the square in order to enclose the maximum total area Answered by Harley Weston. 





4 by 4 determinants 
20080627 

From rav: How to solve problems of determinants which has four rows and four columns& please give me easy tips to solve permutations and combinations problems. Answered by Harley Weston. 





The current in a river 
20080612 

From Joi: To approximate the speed of the current of a river, a circular paddle wheel with radius 4 feet is lowered into the water. If the current causes the wheel to rotate at a speed of 10 revolutions per minute, what is the speed of the current? Express your answer in miles per hour. Answered by Harley Weston. 





Lowest common denominator 
20080531 

From marlene: cant get the common lowest denominator of 10,46,64 Answered by Janice Cotcher. 





x/4 = 3 1/2 
20080530 

From Kelsey: How do you solve for "X" in the problem below?
X
 = 3 1/2
4
Kelsey Answered by Victoria West. 





How many presses should be used? 
20080504 

From Sarah: Hi! I am in Calculus and this problem is on my study guide and i just cant figure it out!?
A printing company had eight presses, each of which can print 300 copies per hour. It costs $5.00 to set up each press for a run and 12.5+6n dollars to run n presses for an hour. How many presses should be used to print 6000 copies most profitably? Let h equal the number of hours used to print the 6000 copies. Answered by Harley Weston. 





Determinants 
20080502 

From Henry: I have a question about solving 3x3 matrices.
The traditional way, or at least the way I've been taught, is that if one has a 3x3 matrix such as:
[ a b c ]
[ d e f ]
[ g h i ]
one solves it according to this formula:
[ei  hf)  (bi  hc) + (bf  ec) = determinant.
According to a book I'm now studying to prepare for the California CSET exam, there is another, easier, way to solve it:
[ a b c ] [ a b ]
[ d e f ] [ d e ]
[ g h i ] [ g h ]
In other words, one repeats the first two rows of the matrix and adds them to the right.
At this point, the determinant is calculated thus:
(aei) +(bfg) + (cdh)  (gec)  (hfa)  (idb).
Is this, in fact, correct? Answered by Harley Weston. 





A lidless box with square ends 
20080428 

From Chris: A lidless box with square ends is to be made from a thin sheet of metal. Determine the least area of the metal for which the volume of the box is 3.5m^3.
I did this question and my answer is 11.08m^2 is this correct? If no can you show how you got the correct answer. Answered by Stephen La Rocque and Harley Weston. 





Minimize the cost 
20080426 

From A: A power line is to be constructed from the shore of a lake to an island that is 500 m away. The closest powerline ends 4km along the shore from the point on the shore closest to the island. If it costs 5 times as much to lay the powerline underwater as along the shore, how should the line be installed to minimize the cost? Answered by Stephen La Rocque. 





1 mile per minute 
20080401 

From jennifer: If you are traveling at 1 mile per minute how fast would you need to be going Answered by Stephen La Rocque. 





How long will it take to pump the water out of the basement? 
20080401 

From Shiva: I need to pump water out of a flooded basement, using two 50 (gpm) pumps. The basement has the dimensions shown and is flooded to a depth of 16 inches. How long will it take to pump the water out of the basement? Answered by Harley Weston. 





The amount of water in a pool 
20080330 

From anurag: what will the weight of water in a swimming pool having dimensions of 18ft *10ft*5 ft?
how much water will be needed for filling it up? Answered by Penny Nom. 





A maxmin problem 
20080327 

From LSL: show that of all rectangle with a given area, the square has the smallest perimeter. Answered by Penny Nom. 





What point on the graph y = e^x is closest to the origin? 
20080303 

From elvina: What point on the graph y = e^x is closest to the origin? Justify your answer. Answered by Stephen La Rocque. 





A ball bearing is placed on an inclined plane 
20080215 

From Leah: A ball bearing is placed on an inclined plane and begins to roll.
The angle of elevation of the plane is x.
The distance (in meters) that the ball bearing rolls in t seconds is s(t) = 4.9(sin x)t^2.
What is the speed of the ball bearing,
and what value of x will produce the maximum speed at a particular time? Answered by Penny Nom. 





The smallest possible perimeter 
20080123 

From RS: If two points of a triangle are fixed, then how can the third point be
placed in order to get the smallest possible perimeter of the triangle. Answered by Chris Fisher and Penny Nom. 





Maximum volume of a box 
20080115 

From Rajesh: A square piece of a cardboard of sides ten inches has four equal peices are removed at the corners, then the sides are turned up to form an open box. What is the maximum volume such a box can have? Answered by Stephen La Rocque. 





Protecting a carrot patch 
20080103 

From Kate: A farmer has a problem with rabbits and skunks
in his rectangular carrot patch that is 21m^2 in area. Determine the
dimensions that will require the least amount of fencing if a barn can
be used to protect one side of the garden. Answered by Stephen La Rocque. 





Smallest cone containing a 4cm radius inscribed sphere 
20071219 

From Eva: A sphere with a radius of 4cm is inscribed into a cone. Find the minimum volume of the cone. Answered by Stephen La Rocque. 





ln(x)/x 
20071207 

From Nooruddin: How can I calculate the absolute minimum of (ln x)/x? Answered by Stephen La Rocque. 





Chicken and goat feet 
20071205 

From Kim: Old McDonald raises goats and chickens. The animals have a total of
100 heads adn 360 feet. How many goats and how many chickens does Mr.
McDonald have? Answered by Stephen La Rocque and Penny Nom. 





Area of a 17sided lot 
20071121 

From Lynda: My uncle is wanting to buy this piece of land [a 17sided polygon] but we are questioning the acerage total. the measurements are [on the attached diagram]. Answered by Stephen La Rocque. 





Ordering fractions 
20071115 

From DEL: Hi. I feel really stupid ! I'm a mature student and i have completely forgotten
How to find out the order of fractions from largest to smallest. I
Have been put this poser;
7/4...1/6....7/2
Can you please tell me what is the largest and lowest?
Will be very grateful....thank you Answered by Gabe Potter. 





Local maxima, minima and inflection points 
20071113 

From Russell: let f(x) = x^3  3a^2^ x +2a^4 with a parameter a > 1.
Find the coordinates of local minimum and local maximum
Find the coordinates of the inflection points Answered by Harley Weston. 





For which values of k will k/240 be a terminating decimal? 
20071028 

From Clara: For which values of k will k/240 be a terminating decimal? Answered by Stephen La Rocque. 





Is there a practical use for radian measure? 
20071026 

From Paula: Is there a practical use for radian measure in any profession? Which professions might us radian as opposed to degree measure? Answered by Harley Weston. 





I need to order 3/11, 1/8, 2/9 from least to greatest 
20071019 

From Andrew: I need to order 3/11, 1/8, 2/9 in least to greatest. Answered by Penny Nom. 





Metres per minute to miles per hour 
20070920 

From Angela: If a person is traveling 150 meters per minute, what is their speed in miles per hour? Answered by Stephen La Rocque and Harley Weston. 





The range of a projectile 
20070918 

From Claudette: This is a maximum minimum problem that my textbook didn't even try to give an example of how to do it in the text itself. It just suddenly appears in the exercises.
Problem: The range of a projectile is R = v^2 Sin 2x/g, where v is its initial velocity, g is the acceleration due to gravity and is a constant, and x is the firing angle. Find the angle that maximizes the projectile's range.
The author gives no information other than the formula.
I thought to find the derivative of the formula setting that to zero, but once I had done that, I still had nothing that addressed the author's question.
Any help would be sincerely appreciated.
Claudette Answered by Stephen La Rocque. 





How many gallons per minute? 
20070912 

From Diane: HI
I have a natural water spring and I am trying to determine how many gallons per minute will flow in an 8" pipe? I know one gallon is 231 cubic inches and V=nr2h  so if i had one foot of 8" pipe it would hold 2.6 gallons but I'm looking for the flow rate of how many gallons per minute? Thanks for your help. Answered by Stephen la Rocque. 





The number of minutes in n hours 
20070828 

From sharquea: the number of minutes in n hours Answered by Leeanne Boehm and Stephen La Rocque. 





Filling an old swimming pool 
20070827 

From Russ: I would like to know how much fill material I would need to fill an old swimming pool. The pool is 18' wide x 36' long and is 4' to 10' deep. Answered by Penny Nom. 





Adding algebraic fractions 
20070814 

From John: Ive completely forgot anything to do with the subject mentioned, so my question is straight to the point..
I need to know how to do the following problem (Preferably do not give me an answer though)
(k/3k8)  (4/k+2) Answered by Penny Nom. 





Simplifying an algebraic fraction expression 
20070725 

From Jessica: How do I simplify b/(b^{2}25) + 5/(b+5)  6/b? Answered by Stephen La Rocque. 





f(x) = (x^4)  4x^3 
20070722 

From Michael: I'm a student who needs your help. I hope you'll be able to answer my question.
Here it is: Given the function f(x)=(x^4)4x^3, determine the intervals over which the function is increasing, decreasing or constant. Find all zeros of f(x) and indicate any relative minimum and maximum values of the function.
Any help would be appreciated. Thank you for your time. Answered by Harley Weston. 





A matrix of polynomials 
20070718 

From Mac: can you please help me out to solve this ?
Let A be a n*n matrix, the elements of which are real (or complex) polynomial in x.
If r rows of the determinant becomes identical when x=a, then the determinant
A) has a factor of order r
B) has a factor or order > r
C) has no factor
D) has a factor of order < r Answered by Harley Weston. 





Values of k for which k(x^2+2x+3)  4x  2 is never negative 
20070629 

From claire: Find the range of values of k for which k(x^2+2x+3)  4x  2 is never negative. Answered by Harley Weston. 





The roots of (x  k)(13x) + 1 = 0 
20070628 

From Claire: Show that the roots of (x  k)(13x) + 1=0 are real and distinct for all real values of k. Hence, or otherwise, find the range of 9sin^2 r  6sin r + 13 Answered by Harley Weston. 





Simultaneous equations : the Elimination method 
20070621 

From Patricia: I need to find the value of X and Y using the Elimination method.
5/x + 3/y=4
25/x2/y=3 Answered by Stephen La Rocque. 





Simplifying complex denominators 
20070621 

From Krys: How do I simplify completely?
((4+i ) / (3+i ))  ((2i ) / (5i )) Answered by Stephen La Rocque. 





What happens when you have zero's on both sides? 
20070605 

From Lily: On the substitution method what happens when you have zero's on both
sides of the equation? Is that considered no solution or infinitely many? Answered by Stephen La Rocque and Penny Nom. 





Optimization  carrying a pipe 
20070505 

From A student: A steel pipe is taken to a 9ft wide corridor. At the end of the corridor there is a 90° turn, to a 6ft wide corridor. How long is the longest pipe than can be turned in this corner? Answered by Stephen La Rocque. 





Maximize the volume of a cone 
20070427 

From ashley: hello,
I've been stumped for hours on this problem and can't quite figure it out.
The question is: A tepee is a coneshaped shelter with no bottom. Suppose you have 200
square feet of canvas (shaped however you like) to make a tepee. Use
calculus to find the height and radius of such a tepee that encloses the
biggest volume.
Can you help?? Answered by Stephen La Rocque and Penny Nom. 





A cylinder inside a sphere 
20070425 

From Louise: i need to find the maximum volume of a cylinder that can fit inside a sphere of diamter 16cm Answered by Penny Nom. 





Linear programming 
20070424 

From Sylvia: What is graphing linear programming? Answered by Penny Nom. 





Minimum cost for a fixed volume 
20070418 

From James: My question goes: A silo is to be constructed and surmounted by a hemisphere. The material of the hemisphere cost twice as much as the walls of the silo. Determine the dimensions to be used of cost is to be kept to a minimum and the volume is fixed. Answered by Penny Nom. 





Swimming pool water 
20070412 

From tina: How much water does a 24' round, 4' deep swimming pool hold? Answered by Haley Ess. 





Simultaneous equations with fractions 
20070228 

From Alyca: Hello Math Central, I am a grade 10 student taking Academic math. Our unit right now is method of substitution and elimination. I'm stuck on this one question that I've been doing forever. Please help =)
*For this equation I have to do method of elimination, but it's so much harder with fractions...could some one please explain to me how to do it step by step?* x y 2    =   3 6 3 x y 1    = 1 12 4 2
Answered by Steve La Rocque and Ashley Mang. 





Evaluating a determinant 
20070225 

From Suud: Please send me the detailed steps of calculating the determinant of the following 4by4 matrix 1 3 1 2 2 0 1 1 3 2 0 4 0 3 1 2 Answered by Haley Ess. 





The elimination method 
20070131 

From Addrianna: x2y=2 3x5y=7 Answered by Stephen La Rocque. 





Angular speed 
20070118 

From Cristina: A car is moving at a rate of 50 miles per hour, and the diameter of its wheels is 2.5 feet. a) Find the number of revolutions per minute the wheels are rotating. b) Find the angular speed of the wheels in radians per minute. Answered by Stephen La Rocque. 





Common denominator 
20070110 

From A parent: what is the common denominator of 3/5, 2/7 and 4/8? Answered by Stephen La Rocque. 





Order the fractions from least to greatest 
20070104 

From Justin: I am a sixth grader, and I am having trouble with the last question in my homework assisgnment. 1/6, 2/5, 3/7, 3/5! Answered by Stephen La Rocque and Penny Nom. 





What size pulley would I need? 
20061229 

From Chris: If I have a motor that's spinning at 950 RPM's with a pulley that's 6in diameter with a belt running to a generator, What size pulley would I need on the generator to make it spin at 3600 RPM Answered by Penny Nom. 





A Norman window 
20061130 

From Joe: a norman window is a rectangle with a semicircle on top. If a norman window has a perimeter of 28, what must the dimensions be to find the maximum possible area the window can have? Answered by Stephen La Rocque. 





How much labor should the firm employ? 
20061028 

From Christy: A dressmaking firm has a production function of Q=LL(squared)/800. Q is the number of dresses per week and L is the number of labor hours per week. Additional cost of hiring an extra hour of labor is $20. The fixed selling price is P=$40. How much labor should the firm employ? What is the resulting output and profit? I am having a difficult time with this, HELP! Answered by Stephen La Rocque. 





How do you solve for variables in the denominator? 
20061015 

From Donna: How do you solve for variables in the denominator?
178 = 17/R Answered by Stephen La Rocque. 





Least common denominator 
20061004 

From Paulette: Why is the LCD of 3/4 and 4/8 not the product of 4 and 8? Answered by Penny Nom. 





Mini Golf 
20060817 

From Sarah: I am a sixth grade teacher in Minnesota. I want to have my students explore mini golf and calculate the reflections and angles so that they can figure out how to hit a hole in one. I know that my daughter had various problems like this in eighth grade geometry, but I can't seem to find any internet activities of the appropriate level. Answered by Stephen La Rocque. 





Litres of water in my swimming pool 
20060816 

From A student: I need to calculate how many litres in my swiming pool, it is a circle shape, 5.5 m in diametre by 1.07 m deep. Answered by Stephen La Rocque. 





1/x + 1/y 
20060811 

From Sonya: what is 1/x+1/y = ? is it equal to 1/x+y or what? Answered by Penny Nom. 





How old would i be in minutes 
20060809 

From Mariah: i would like to know how old would i be in minutes if i was thirteen years old including leap years Answered by Stephen La Rocque. 





Minimizing a cost 
20060725 

From Edward: The cost of running a car at an average speed of V km/h is given by c= 100 + (V2 / 75) cents per hour. Find the average speed (to the nearest km/h) at which the cost of a 1000 km trip is a minimum. Answered by Stephen La Rocque. 





Mini Golf geometry 
20060718 

From Sarah: I want to have my students explore mini golf and calculate the reflections and angles so that they can figure out how to hit a hole in one. I know that my daughter had various problems like this in eighth grade geometry, but I can't seem to find any internet activities of the appropriate level.
If you can steer me towards any resources, I'd be most grateful. Answered by Natasha Glydon. 





The lowest denominator 
20060702 

From Lisa:
What is the lowest denominator for the following numbers:
a) 26
b) 21
c) 47
Answered by Stephen La Rocque. 





How many gallons of water are in a 24' X 4' round swimming pool? 
20060615 

From Nicole: How many gallons of water are in a 24' X 4' round swimming pool? Answered by Stephen La Rocque. 





A fence around a pen 
20060330 

From Daryl: I hope you can help me out with the attached problem, It has been driving me crazy. Answered by Stephen La Rocque and Penny Nom. 





Adding fractions 
20060326 

From Barbara: I know that to subtract 1/4 from 2/3 I must find a common denom. Now the 2/3 becomes 8/12.....i understand the 12, but where does the 8 come from? Answered by Penny Nom. 





What names are known for the quarter circle shape? 
20060306 

From Christina: What names are known for the quarter circle shape? Answered by Stephen La Rocque and Penny Nom. 





Daddy Warbucks' cash 
20060222 

From Grace: Daddy Warbucks always carries a specific number of $100 and $500 bills for impulse purchases and $1 bills for tips. If he has 500 bills in his briefcase and they total $50,000, how many bills of each denomination does he carry? Answered by Stephen La Rocque. 





The box of maximum volume 
20060201 

From Elizabeth: A box factory has a large stack of unused rectangular cardboard sheets with the dimensions of 26 cm length and 20 cm width.
The question was to figure what size squares to remove from each corner to create the box with the largest volume.
I began by using a piece of graph paper and taking squares out. I knew that the formula L X W X H would give me volume. After trial and error of trying different sizes I found that a 4cm X 4cm square was the largest amount you can take out to get the largest volume. My question for you is two parts
First: Why does L X H X W work? And second, is their a formula that one could use, knowing the length and width of a piece of any material to find out what the largest possible volume it can hold is without just trying a bunch of different numbers until you get it. If there is, can you explain how and why it works. Answered by Penny Nom. 





A maxmin problem 
20051216 

From Julie: A car travels west at 24 km/h. at the instant it passes a tree, a horse and buggy heading north at 7 km/h is 25 km south of the tree. Calculate the positions of the vessels when there is a minimum distance between them. Answered by Penny Nom. 





Mrs. Faria lives on an island 
20051215 

From Julie: Mrs. Faria lives on an island 1 km from the mainland. She paddles her canoe at 3 km/h and jogs at 5 km/h. the nearest drug store is 3 km along the shore from the point on the shore closest to the island. Where should she land to reach the drug store in minimum time? Answered by Penny Nom. 





A 24 sided polygon 
20051214 

From Matt: I would like to know if there is a name for a 24 sided shape Answered by Penny Nom. 





Inclusive definitions 
20051214 

From Layla:
recently the solvable quandary of 5+5+5=550 came up (the question says that you have to put 1 straight line somewhere in the equation to make it true with out turning the "=" into a "not=" sign).
So two answers were put forward:
545+5=550 (the use of a line converting a + into a 4)
AND
5+5+5(less than or equal to)550
There is currently an argument about the second solution. The disagreement is about whether this sign can be used. One person is arguing that the "less than or equal to" sign defines that the number on the left is in the range 550 and below. The other is saying that since the number (which is clearly defined with no variables) can never equal 550, then the "less than or equal to" sign cannot be used in this case.
Which one is the correct definition?
Answered by Walter Whiteley. 





Adding improper fractions 
20051125 

From Paula: I would like a simple step by step explanation on how to add improper fractions. Answered by Penny Nom. 





Rational expressions 
20051115 

From Zach: I can solve easy problems such as (x/2)+3=2+(3x/4). That is easy because the Lowest Common Denominator is 4. But what really gets me stuck is a problem like this one.
(6/x2) = ( 21/(x2)(x+2) )+ 1. Answered by Penny Nom. 





A variable rectangle 
20051108 

From Mussawar: find the lengths of the sides of a variable rectangle having area 36 cm^{2} when its perimeter is minimum i do not want solution of this question. i would like to know what is mean by variable rectangle.and what is difference between rectangle and variable rectangle.also what is mean by when its perimeter is minimum. Answered by Penny Nom. 





Percent or percentage 
20051103 

From Kenneth:
Which word should be used in the following?
Change a (percent or percentage) to a decimal.
Should the word percent be used only when a number precedes it as in 45 percent?
Answered by Harley Weston and Chris Fisher. 





The language of subtraction 
20050926 

From Chris: When you have an addition problem you have two addends that equal a sum. Therefore . . .
I know the answer to a subtraction problem is the difference  what is the name of the numbers that make up a subtraction problem? Answered by Diane Hanson and Harley Weston. 





Framing an arched wall 
20050812 

From Mike: I'm framing a building wall with a curved (arcing) top section. The radius of the section is 74'6" with a height above finish floor of 16'0". The horizontal run of the arced section is 23' 1 1/2" with a low height above finish floor of 12'4". If I start with a 16' stud at the high end how long are the subsequent studs if they are on 16" centers? Short of laying this out on a tennis court how can I work out the lengths of the studs? Answered by Penny Nom. 





Discriminant 
20050620 

From A student: If a quadratic has real root, its discriminant b24ac>=0 Is there any similar condition or method by which you can find whether roots of a cubic equation are real or not? Answered by Chris Fisher. 





A matrix problem 
20050404 

From Alan:
Let A = 

1  1  0 

2  1  2 
a  b  c 
where a, b, c are constant real numbers. For what values of a, b, c is A invertible? [Hint: Your answer should be an equation in a, b, c which satisfied if and only if A is invertible.]
Answered by Judi McDonald. 





Gasoline in a cylindrical tank 
20050323 

From Jennifer:
Gasoline is stored in a tank which is a cylinder on its side. Height of fuel is "h" meters and the diameter is "d". The length is "l".
I need to find the amount of gas in the tank when the height is h and also to calculate the fraction of how full it is.
Also, the part I am really confused on is this one,
E(h/d) is the error of the function of h/d, when h/d is used to measure how full the tank is. For what value of h/d is the error maximal?
Answered by Penny Nom. 





Discrimination based on gender? 
20050310 

From A student: After being rejected for employment, Kim learns that the Bellevue office has hired only two women among the last 20 new employees. She also learns that the pool of applicants is very large, with an approximately equal number of qualified men and women. Help her address the charge of gender discrimination by finding he probability of getting two or few women when 20 people are hired, assuming that there is no discrimination based on gender. Does the resulting probability really support such a charge? Answered by Penny Nom. 





The least common denominator 
20041103 

From A student: Write the LCD for each pair of fractions.
13. 1/3,1/5
14. 2/7,1/4
15. 3/4,3/5 Answered by Penny Nom. 





Rational expressions 
20040924 

From A student: In general, I understand rational expressions except when it comes to solving problems such as:
x+y/2xy  2x/y2x or m4/3m4 + 3m+2/43m
I am confounded by the issue of having to find a common denominator. For example, if I tried to solve these problems by multiplying both denominators they would still be uncommon. Answered by Claude Tardif. 





Nine minutes 
20040902 

From A student: You have two hour glassesone measures 7 minutes and one measures 4 minutes.How can you time 9 minutes? Answered by Penny Nom. 





A trig problem 
20040802 

From A student: Given that the maximum value of [sin(3y2)]^2 [cos(3y2)]^2
is k. If y>7, Find the minimum value of y for which
[Sin(3y2)]^2  [cos(3y2)]^2 =k. Answered by Penny Nom. 





Maximizing the angle to the goal mouth 
20040515 

From Yogendra: You are running down the boundary line dribbling the ball in soccer or hockey. Investigate where in your run the angle the goal mouth makes with your position is at a maximum. Answered by Penny Nom. 





Subtracting fractions 
20040511 

From Filipe: Question:
_5_  __7__
6ab 8a Answered by Penny Nom. 





A/30 + B/105 = (7A + 2B)/x 
20040205 

From Jim: If A/30 + B/105 = (7A + 2B)/x and A, B, and x are integers greater than 1, what must x equal? Answered by Penny Nom. 





A quadratic word problem 
20040204 

From Carl: A walkway of uniform has 72m2 and surrounds a swimming pool that is 8m wide and 10m long. Find the width of the walkway. Answered by Penny Nom. 





Dividing zero by infinity 
20040108 

From Jason: What do you get when dividing zero by infinity? Our Calculus teacher was pretty sure that the expression was indeterminate from. However, if this is so...Why? Zero divded by any number (except zero) is zero, true. Any number (except infinite) over infinite is zero. So, why isn't Zero divided by infinite zero. A simpler way if I had 4 potatoes and was to split them among 2 friends, each friend would get 2 potatoes. However, if I had 0 potatoes and split them a infinite number of ways, each person would still have 0. Explain please! Answered by Penny Nom. 





The hour hand and the minute hand 
20031217 

From Minnie: When you are looking at the clock at 12:00 the hour hand and minute hand are exactly together. (one on top of the other). Between 1:00pm and 1:15pm there is another time when the hour and minute hands are exactly together again. Answered by Penny Nom. 





Systems of equations 
20031119 

From Scott: I hope that u can help me....I
am a college student taking a class in Pre Calculus.....I have homework
due this Friday and it counts a BIG Percentage on my FINAL grade.....I
am getting mixed up and can not figure out a few problems.....Please help
me.....
Method Of Subsitution
Problem 1. y 8x = 5
x(squared) + y(squared) = 25
Problem 2. y = x(squared)  2x  6
Y = x(squared)  4
Answered by Penny Nom. 





Adding fractions 
20031116 

From Ken: My name is Ken and I am taking my GED course for my High School and have not been in a class for 35 years. I am doing this for retraining. I am at the part about fractions. Here is an example that I am having trouble with.
1 3/7 + 4 2/3 + 11/21
They have no common denominators. Could you PLEASE help me. If you could send me a step by step explanation it would be greatly appreciated. Answered by Penny Nom. 





A rock on a string 
20031026 

From A student: a rock on a 4' string is rotated at 80 rpm. what is the linear speed in feet per second? in miles per hour? Answered by Penny Nom. 





Indeterminate forms 
20031006 

From A teacher: Is it possible for me to find any geometrical interpretation without using calculus to explain indeterminate forms? Answered by Chris Fisher. 





Grooming the king's horses 
20030904 

From Janelle: the stable boy had 90% of the kings horses groomed.the next day the king acquired 25% more horses. Now there was 105 horses not prepared for the kings men. How many horses did the king originally have? Answered by Penny Nom. 





Terminology 
20030831 

From Maria: My daughter Veronica is a rising 6th grader and has to complete some Summer Math assignments and would like to ask you three questions:  ___________ are number pairs that have a product of 1.
 You can name any point on a plane with two numbers. These two numbers are called _____________.
 A _______________ is the size of a cube that is exactly 1 inch on each edge.
Thanks, Answered by Penny Nom. 





Subtracting rational expressions 
20030510 

From Simone: hi, i'm totally lost. i understand that you need to find a lowest common denominator to subtract two fractions (rational expressions) with different denominators. but what if the denominators are "x1" and "x". is x the common denominator? if so what happens to the "1"? do you know of any live online help i can get with the following: 3/(x1)  (12x)/x i've looked through my notes and have no examples that quite match that i can follow to get through it. please help! Answered by Penny Nom. 





The volume of air flowing in windpipes 
20030502 

From James: The volume of air flowing in windpipes is given by V=kpR^{4}, where k is a constant, p is the pressure difference at each end, R is the radius. The radius will decrease with increased pressure, according to the formula: R_{o}  R = cp, where R_{o} is the windpipe radius when p=0 & c is a positive constant. R is restricted such that: 0 < 0.5*R_{o} < R < R_{o}, find the factor by which the radius of the windpipe contracts to give maximum flow? Answered by Penny Nom. 





Division names 
20030310 

From A parent: what is the answer to a division problem called Answered by Penny Nom. 





A determinant 
20030213 

From A student:
I have to find the determinant of the following matrix 2  3  1  2  4  3  0  2  5  1  4  2  1  3  5  2  3  4  1  2  6  0  3  2  4  Answered by Penny Nom. 





The least common denominator 
20030121 

From Brittan: Hi there I need help! My name is Brittany and i am in the 6th grade. I need help finding the least common denominator(LCD), and the book says Find the LCM of the denominators and i've done that and then it says write equivalent fractions,using the LCM as the least commonn denominator.The directions say Use the LCD to write each pair as like fractions. and the problem is 1/8 and 5/40. Could u explain how in the word u do this? Thanks a lot Brittany Answered by Penny Nom. 





Radians 
20030116 

From Erikson: I am a student in the 10th grade and attending advanced math at my high school. I was assign to do a report about the unit circle and the radian. But there seems to be no information available about the history of the radian; who first found out about them, which civilizations used it if any. Well, hopefully you'll assist me in this troubling question. Thank you for your kind consideration. Answered by Penny Nom. 





Filling A swimming pool 
20021121 

From Sarah: A swimming pool is being filled by three pumps. Alone pump A would take 6 hours, pump B would take 3 hours, and pump C would take 3 hours. If all three pumps are used to fill the pool, what fraction of the process is pump A. Answered by Penny Nom. 





Rational expressions 
20021003 

From Ashley: 1/x(squared) + 5/xy Answered by Penny Nom. 





A max/min problem 
20020921 

From Evelina: A window is the shape of a rectangle with an equilateral triangle on top. The perimeter of the window is 300 cm. Find the width that will let the maximum light to enter. Answered by Penny Nom. 





How many dominoes? 
20020913 

From A student: Dominoes are split into two halves. If you were allowed up to 6 dots on each half, how many options of dominoes could you get? Answered by Penny Nom. 





Common Denominator 
20020826 

From Slobodanka: What is a Common Denominator? Answered by Penny Nom. 





Linear programming 
20020527 

From Jes: A machine shop makes two parts, I and II, each requiring the use of three machines, A, B, C. Each Part I requires 4 minutes on Machine A, four minutes on Machine B and five minutes on machine C. Each Part II requires five minutes on Machine A, one minutes on Machine B and six minutes on Machine C. The shop makes a profit of $8 on each Part I and $5 on each Part II. However, the number of units of Part II produced must not be less than half the number of Part I. Also each day the shop has only 120 minutes of machine A, 72 minutes of Machine B, and 180 minutes of Machine C available for the production of the two parts. What should be the daily production of each part to maximize the shop's profit? Answered by Claude Tardif. 





A rectangular marquee 
20020507 

From Alyaa: a marquee with rectangular sides on a square base with a flat roof is to be constructed from 250 meters square of canvas. find the maximum volume of the marquee. i find this topic so hard Answered by Harley Weston. 





350 students took the math A exam 
20020222 

From Jim: at a high school 350 students took the math A exam. 82% passed the test. 40 students that failed the exam in june, took the exam in August. 70% of this group passed the August test. How many of the original 350 students have passed the exam before september? Answered by Paul Betts and Penny Nom. 





Getting to B in the shortest time 
20011219 

From Nancy: A motorist in a desert 5 mi. from point A, which is the nearest point on a long, straight road, wishes to get to point B on the road. If the car can travel 15 mi/hr on the desert and 39 mi/hr on the road to get to B, in the shortest possible time if...... A.) B is 5 mi. from A B.) B is 10 mi. from A C.) B is 1 mi. from A Answered by Penny Nom. 





Normal lines 
20011211 

From Kristie: Why are perpendicular lines called normal lines? Answered by Chris Fisher. 





Undetermined coefficients 
20011122 

From Hoda: The equation is: y"  2y' + y = t e^{t} + 4 We need to use The method of Undetermined coefficients. I have tried assuming that the solution is Ate^{t}+Be^{t}+C, but all I get is C=4 and I tried (At^{2}+Bt+C)e^{t}+D, but again I get 0=0 when I calculate the first and second derivatives, so i get no information on the constants. Any suggestions? Answered by Harley Weston. 





A lighthouse problem 
20011102 

From A student: A lighthouse at apoint P is 3 miles offshore from the nearest point O of a straight beach. A store is located 5 miles down the beach from O. The lighthouse keeper can row at 4 mph and walk at 3.25 mph.
a)How far doen the beach from O should the lighthouse keeper land in order to minimize the time from the lighthouse to the store?
b)What is the minimum rowing speed the makes it faster to row all the way? Answered by Harley Weston. 





60 seconds in a minute 
20011011 

From Andy: I am a fourth grade teacher. Yesterday my students asked "Why are there 60 seconds in a minute?" Which also led to 60 minutes in an hour? I have had trouble determining why the number 60? Any help would be appreciated. Answered by Penny Nom. 





A phone bill 
20010618 

From Janet: What is the formuala to calculate cost per minute? Here is the data below # of calls  238 # of minutes  443 cost  $70.06 Answered by Penny Nom. 





Adding and subtracting rational expressions 
20010503 

From Donna: Adding and subtracting Rational expressions. I am in grade 10 and I am a student here is an example of the questions: 1/(x+1)  1/(x1) = ? Answered by Penny Nom. 





Dominos 
20010428 

From Mark: A standard dominoe set consists of 28 pieces, from doublezero to doublesix  Is it possible to arrange all those pieces in a straight line in such a way that the dots of any pair of adjacent pieces match? Please include picture
 Is it possible to arrange them in a circle and still meet the conditions in 1?
Answered by Claude Tardif. 





Hexominos 
20010405 

From Tom: What is a hexomino and how many different shapes are possible? Answered by Harley Weston. 





An emergency response station 
20010329 

From Tara: Three cities lying on a straight line want to jointly build an emergency response station. The distance between each town and the station should be as short as possible, so it cannot be built on the line itself, but somewhere east or west. Also, the larger the population of a city, the greater the need to place the station closer to that city. You are to minimize the overall sum of the products of the populations of each city and the square of the distance between that city and the facility. City A is 6 miles from the road's origin, City B is 19 miles away from the origin, and City C is 47 miles from the origin. The populations are 18,000 for City A, 13,000 for City B, and 11,000 for City C. Where should the station be located? Answered by Claude Tardif and Penny Nom. 





Airflow in windpipes 
20010325 

From Ena: The volume of air flowing in windpipes is given by V=kpR^{4}, where k is a constant, p is the pressure difference at each end, R is the radius. The radius will decrease with increased pressure, according to the formula: Ro  R = cp, where Ro is the windpipe radius when p=0 & c is a positive constant. R is restricted such that: 0 < 0.5*Ro < R < Ro, find the factor by which the radius of the windpipe contracts to give maximum flow? Answered by Harley Weston. 





Timing with hour glasses 
20010320 

From Nathan: How can a chef use an 11 minute hour glass and a seven minute hour glass to time a vegtable that needs to be steamed for 15 minutes. Answered by Leeanne Boehm. 





Expanding determinants using minors 
20010220 

From A student: Question: 1) Determinants by expansion by minors. i)  1 2 1 2 1   1 0 0 1 0   0 1 1 0 1   1 1 2 2 1   0 1 1 0 2  Answered by Harley Weston. 





Law of cosines 
20010220 

From Emily: I missed a few days of class and I can't figure out how to solve Law of Cosines problems. I have the notes and formulas but I can't figure out how to do the math involved to answer the problems. I am also getting confused about how to use degrees and seconds in the Law of Sine and Cosine. I can't seem to get the correct answers and I don't really know how to solve them and enter them into my TI 86. Answered by Harley Weston. 





Vitamins A and B 
20010114 

From Sara: A diet is to include at least 140 mg of Vitamin A and at least 145 mg of vitamin B. these requirements are to be obtained from two types of food. type X contains 10 mg of vitamin A and 20 mg of vitamin B per pound. Type Y contains 30 mg of vitamin A and 15 mg of vitamin B per pound. if type X food costs $12 and Type Y $8 per pound, how many pounds of each type of food should be purchased to satisfy the requirements at the minimum cost? Answered by Claude Tardif and Harley Weston. 





Domain of a function 
20001115 

From Mickey: state any restrictions on the domain of the function. y = 5x  12 over 27x + 6 x does not equal what________? Answered by Penny Nom. 





Pillows and Cushions 
20000927 

From Fiona:
The following problem was given to grade eleven algebra students as a homework assignment. To manufacture cushions and pillows, a firm uses two machines A and B. The time required on each machine is shown. Machine A is available for one full shift of 9.6 hours. Machine B is available for parts of two shifts for a total of 10.5 hours each day. Answered by Harley Weston. 





The smaller of a and b 
20000914 

From Jenna: For any two real numbers, a and b, give a mathematical expression in terms of a and b that will yield the smaller of the two numbers. Your expression should work regardless of whether a>b, a Answered by Penny Nom. 





A problem with a quadratic 
20000809 

From David Xiao: Find the value of a such that 4x^{2} + 4(a2)x  8a^{2} + 14a + 31 = 0 has real roots whose sum of squares is minimum. Answered by Harley Weston. 





PreCalculus 
20000809 

From Angela: Use absolute values to define the interval or pair of intervals on the real line.
<  ]    [ >
18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26
A car is moving at the rate of 50 miles per hour, and the diameter of its wheels is 2.5 feet. a) Find the number of revolutions per minute that the wheels are rotating. b) Find the angular speed of the wheels in radians per minute. Answered by Harley Weston. 





Numerator and denominator 
20000618 

From Maureen Beard: What is the origin of the terms numerator and denominater? Answered by Penny Nom. 





Divisors of 2000 
20000606 

From Amanda Semi:
 find the product of all the divisors of 2000
 dog trainer time has 100m of fencing to enclose a rectangular exercise yard. One side of the yard can include all or part of one side of his building. iff the side of his building is 30 m, determine the maximum area he can enclose
Answered by Claude Tardif. 





Thearcius Functionius 
20000503 

From Kevin Palmer: With the Olympics fast approaching the networks are focusing in ona new and exciting runner from Greece. Thearcius Functionius has astounded the world with his speed. He has already established new world records in the 100 meter dash and looks to improve on those times at the 2000 Summer Olympics. Thearcius Functionius stands a full 2 meters tall and the networks plan on placing a camera on the ground at some location after the finish line(in his lane) to film the history making run. The camera is set to film him from his knees(0.5 meters up from the ground) to 0.5 meters above his head at the instant he finishes the race. This is a total distance of two meters(the distance shown by the camera's lens). Answered by Harley Weston. 





Minimizing the metal in a can 
20000502 

From May Thin Zar Han: A can is to be made to hold 1 L of oil. Find the dimensions that will minimize the cost of the metal to manufacture the can. Answered by Harley Weston. 





An integer maxmin problem 
20000313 

From Paul Servic: Maximize Q = xy^{ 2} where x and y are positive integers such that x + y^{ 2} = 4 Answered by Penny Nom. 





Maximize 
20000312 

From Tara Doucet: My question is Maximize Q=xy^2 (y is to the exponent 2) where x and y are positive integers such that x + y^2 ( y is to the exponent 2)=4 Answered by Harley Weston. 





Two calculus problems 
20000303 

From Tara Doucet:
The height of a cylinder with a radius of 4 cm is increasing at rate of 2 cm per minute. Find the rate of change of the volume of the cylinder with respect to time when the height is 10 cm. A 24 cm piece of string is cut in two pieces. One piece is used to form a circle and the other to form a square. How should the string be cut so the sum of the areas is a maximum? Answered by Harley Weston. 





Slant height of a cone 
20000224 

From Jocelyn Wozney: I need help with this problem for my high school calculus class. Any help you can give me will be greatly appreciatedI am pretty stumped. "Express the volume of a cone in terms of the slant height 'e' and the semivertical angle 'x' and find the value of 'x' for which the volume is a maximum if 'e' is constant. Answered by Harley Weston. 





order 4+ determinants 
19991206 

From Joe Kron: Why is it never shown how to calculate the value of 4x4 (or larger size) deteminants by the diagonal multiply methods that are generally shown for 2x2 and 3x3 determinants? The method I'm talking about is called Cramer's Rule??? Is this method not extensible to order 4+ and if not why not? Anyway the method always shown for order 4+ is called "reduction by minors" which is not the answer to this question. Answered by Walter Whiteley. 





The elimination method 
19991202 

From Jennifer: Could I get an answer to this one: 2x+5y=36 3x+2y=32 I have to use the Elimination method, as I already know how to do Substitution. How do I begin and show my work? I'm attempting to eliminate the values for y. Answered by Penny Nom. 





Area of a circle and an inequality 
19991030 

From Adam Anderson: I have two problems. The first: prove that the area of a cirlce is pi times radius squared without using calculus. The second: show that ln(x) < x  1 for all x > 0. Answered by Harley Weston.






log(a) 
19991022 

From Brenda Miskimmin: I need to know the mercury concentration in mg/L or ng/L for the following: log M (Hg) = 8.5 where mw of Hg=200.59 (it's the negative sign in front of log that confuses me). Answered by Harley Weston. 





A double negative 
19990901 

From Dennis: If b = 2 what does b = ? As in (a + 8.5)  [(b) + c] a = 1.5, c = 1.7 Answered by Penny Nom. 





The shortest ladder 
19990626 

From Nicholas: A vertical wall, 2.7m high, runs parallel to the wall of a house and is at a horizontal distance of 6.4m from the house. An extending ladder is placed to rest on the top B of the wall with one end C against the house and the other end, A, resting on horizontal ground. The points A, B, and C are in a vertical plane at right angles to the wall and the ladder makes an angle@, where 0<@ Answered by Harley Weston. 





Area of a triangle from vertex coordinates 
19990421 

From Mark Tyler: I'm no schoolkid, but I liked your answers about triangles. You might enjoy a quick look at this, the kids may too. I was working on a Voronoi dual where I had to calculate the areas of very many triangles expressed as vertex coordinates, so I derived the following very direct formula: A = abs((x1x2)*(y1y3)(y1y2)*(x1x3)) for triangle (x1,y1)(x2,y2)(x3,y3) I've never seen this in a textbook. Is it original? I doubt it, the proof is only a few lines long. Regardless, it may be fun for the kids, even if it's not on the curriculum. Answered by Walter Whitley. 





Linear programming and optimization 
19990409 

From Shams: What is Linear programming and optimization? Answered by Jack LeSage and Penny Nom. 





Simplifying Radicals 
19990126 

From Mary: I would like to know how to simplify this question:
4 __________________ squareroot7 + squareroot3
I know the answer is (sqrt7  sqrt3) but i would really love to know how to get that answer!! Thanks. Answered by Jack LeSage and Penny Nom. 





Indeterminate forms 
19981211 

From R. Dixon: What is the correct evaluation of infinity/0 ? I've checked three different math sites. One says definitively, that infinity/0 is "not" possible. Another states that infinity/0 is one of the indeterminate forms having a large range of different values. The last reasons that infinity/0 "is" equal to infinity. Answered by Walter Whiteley and Harley Weston. 





Intersection of Planes 
19981203 

From Lindsay Fear: My name is Lindsay Fear. I am an OAC student (which is the Ontario equivalent to Grade 12 in most other states and provinces). I am in an Algebra and Geometry course and am currently studying a unit on equations of planes. Our teacher has given us this question that my friend and I have attempted several times, but we are still unable to solve it. My teacher has also suggested using the internet as a resource. The question is: Prove that a necessary condition that the three planes x + ay + bz = 0 ax  y + cz = 0 bx + cy  z = 0 have a line in common is that a^2 + b^2 + c^2 + 2abc = 1 Answered by Walter Whiteley. 





Terminating decimals 
19981116 

From Debra Karr: A college student studying elementary education asked me a question that I could not think of the correct answer. How can you look at a fraction and tell if is a terminating or non terminating decimal? Answered by Jack LeSage and Penny Nom. 





Operations Research 
19981008 

From Lisa Barrett: What is the history of operations research and the study of linear programming? Answered by Judi McDonald. 





Adding Fractions 
19981003 

From Pam Bailey: Can you help me simplfy this? (1/2a + 1/3b)  (1/4a  1/5b) + (1/6a  1/7) thanx Answered by Harley Weston. 





Triminoes 
19980909 

From Roxanne Hale: I am doing an investigation about a game called triminoes (like dominoes). The game is played using triangular pieces of card. Each card has 3 numbers on it. I have to investigate the relationship between the number of trimino cards in a set and the largest number on the cards. I found; largest no. used 0 1 2 3 4 no. of trimino cards 1 4 10 20 35 I was ginen the formula for this which is: UN= UN  1 + 1/2 (n + 1 ) (n+2) UN=no. of trimino cards n= largest no. I don't know how to get to this equation I think it has something to do with triangle numbers! Answered by Penny Nom. 





Some Calculus Problems. 
19971030 

From Roger Hung:
 What real number exceeds its square by the greatest possible amount?
 The sum of two numbers is k. show that the sum of their squares is at least 1/2 k^2.
 .
. . Answered by Penny Nom. 





Fractions 
19971020 

From Rebecca Henry: When we add fractions, we find a common denominator and add the numerators When we multiply fractions, we simply multiply both numerators and denominators with no regard to commonality.  Why do we not have to find a common denominator when multiplying?
 Why do we multiply both numerators and denominators?
Answered by Chris Fisher. 





Billions and more! 
19970915 

From Mahabir B. Gupta: I would like to know how you americans write the number 1 billion. Do you say "One thousand million"..can you answer by giving me examples? 1,000,000> 1 million 1,000,000,000>1 billion Why is it that in spanish it is different? Answered by Penny Nom. 





Pentominoes 
19961114 

From Sam Maraldo: What is a pentominoe? I need to understand the concept and how/why it is used? Answered by Penny Nom. 





(3)x(2) 
19951025 

From Azmat: Why is (3)x(2) = 6? Answered by Herley Weston and Ed Giesbrecht. 





Terminologie mathematique 
20101031 

From Adil: Bonjour ,
Pourriezvous m'indiquer les titre et auteur d'un bon dictionnaire
francais anglais de terminologie mathematique ?
Auriezvous egalement l'adresse d'un site web traduisant du francais
a l'anglais les termes ert expressions mathematiques ?
Merci par avance,
Adil Answered by PierreLouis Gagnon. 





Calculs de minutes en heures 
20090223 

From Denis: Je suis en train de suivre un cours en navigation maritime et je dois changer
souvent des minutes en heures. ex: 495 minutes = ?h??
Je désire avoir le cheminement le plus simple a faire pour ce type de calcul.
Je ne travail pas avec excell. Je veux une formule a faire seulement avec
une calculatrice élémentaire. Merci pour votre aide, j'apprécie beaucoup
votre coup de main. Denis. Answered by Claude Tardif. 





calcul heures et minutes 
20080608 

From cadare: je n'arrive pas à comprendre et resoudre mes problèmes d'heures et de minutes,ex parti à 22h30, j'arrive à 7h15 quelle est la durée du trajet Answered by Claude Tardif. 





Combien d'heures et de minutes 
20070530 

From masson: pouvez vous m'aider pour resoudre ce probleme car je suis perdue
combien d'heures et de minutes dormez vous si vous vous couchez a 22h15 et si vous vous levez a 6h57?
car en suivant le raisonnement de la soustraction d'heure je trouve 15h12 et je trouve cela pas logique merci d'avance de votre aide Answered by Claude Tardif. 





addition et soustraction des heures, minutes, secondes 
20061122 

From Halnais: 13 h. 25 mn + 18 h. 06 mn 23 h. 31 mn + 19 h. 33 mn
je ne me souviens plus très bien de ces opérations, fautil additioner les heures à part puis les minutes, etc. pour les heures je crois qu'il ne faut pas dépasser 24 h. Pourriezvous m'aider, et me donner le résultat, merci infiniment. Answered by Claude Tardif. 





Taux à déterminer 
20061101 

From Barrault: Une certaine année,un article augmente d' un certain taux "t" au premier semestre puis d' un taux triple du premier au second semestre, sachant que l' augmenation globale sur l' année est 66.75%; uels sont les taux pour chacun des deux semestres de l' année? Answered by Claude Tardif. 





Matrice 
20060201 

From Kader: mon probleme est le suivant soit deux matrices carrees A et B d'ordre n qui sont anticommutatives AB= BA , demontrer que au moins une des deux matrices n'est pas inversible si n est impair.
je n'arrive pas a utiliser le fait que n soit impair, trouver le rapport entre n impair et inverse des matrices, je pars sur la base de DETAB=DETA*DETB Answered by Claude Tardif. 





convertir une duree en heure et minute 
20050112 

From Sébastien: pouvez vous me donner la formule permettant de convertir une duree en heure et minute precise
pour exemple : 589 minutes donne 10h35min. Quelle serait donc la formule pour passer directement de 589 min a 10h35 (sans avoir 9h81)? Answered by Claude Tardif. 





Minesweeper 
20011024 

From Un eleve: J'espere que vous pourrez m'aider. Est ce que vous connaissez un algorithme ou une strategie de resoulutiom pour le jeu du demineur (8x8 avec 10 mines)(Minesweeper). Answered by Claude Tardif. 

