







Are all quadrilaterals the same? 
20200527 

From eva: are all quadrilaterals the same? Answered by Penny Nom. 





An equilateral triangle 
20190410 

From ethan: In equilateral triangle RST, R has coordinates (0, 0) and T has coordinates of (2a, 0). Find the coordinates of S in terms of a. Answered by Penny Nom. 





An equilateral triangle inscribed in a circle 
20190129 

From Penny: What is the length of each side of the largest equilateral triangle that fits inside a 3 inch diameter circle? Answered by Penny Nom. 





A quadrilateral inside a square 
20190102 

From Swetha: In 2*2 square ABCD, E is the mid point of the side AD. F is a
point in BE.CF is perpendicular to BE. Find the area of the quadrilateral CDEF Answered by Penny Nom. 





Making a cylinder from a metal plate 
20180518 

From Rahul: I want to make a cylinder which inside diameter is 600mm and thickness is 5mm and height is 800mm...so my question is that how much plate I need to make this happen Answered by Penny Nom. 





Related rates 
20180211 

From angelo: hi admin please help me answer this question. thank you!
At a certain instant of time, the angle A of a triangle ABC is 60 degrees and increasing at the rate of 5degrees per second, the side AB is 10cm and increasing at the rate of 1cm per second, and side AC is 16cm and decreasing at the rate of 1/2 cm per second. Find the rate of change of side AB? Answered by Penny Nom. 





Pricing a piece of plate steel 
20180129 

From Simo: I have a piece of plate that is 2500mm x 8000mm x 20mm thick and costs $7693.00
what is the formula to work out what 1000mm x 1000mm is worth? Answered by Penny Nom. 





An equilateral triangle inscribed in a circle 
20170915 

From sumit: what is the area (in sq. unit) of an equilateral triangle inscribed in the circle x^2+y^24x6y23=0. Answered by Penny Nom. 





Quadrilateral ABCD is inscribed in a circle 
20170911 

From Joie: Quadrilateral ABCD is inscribed in a circle such that side DA is the diameter. AB=2m., BC=4m., CD=6m., angle BAD=75.93degrees. Find the area of the quadrilateral. Answered by Penny Nom. 





Water leaking from a trough 
20161228 

From Kathryn: A trough is 6 m long, and has uniform crosssection of an equilateral triangle with sides 1 m.
Water leaks from the bottom of the trough, at a constant rate of 0.1 m3/min.
Find the rate at which the water level is falling when the water is 0.2m deep. Answered by Penny Nom. 





A circle inscribed in an equilateral triangle 
20161127 

From jo: what is the radius of the inscribed circle of an equilateral triangle with altitude 12 units? Answered by Penny Nom. 





Quadrilateral 
20160614 

From Muhib: Is there a quadrilateral with 0 sets of parallel sides. Answered by Penny Nom. 





The lateral side length of a cone 
20160605 

From Diane: Question is find the lateral side length of a right cone with area of 372 sq. cm and base circle radius of 9 cm. Answered by Penny Nom. 





The area of a 4sided lot 
20160525 

From prasad: How to find area of a land whose sides are 41ft,33ft,32.3ft and 33.2 ft. Pl give me the formula and proof. Answered by Penny Nom. 





The sum of the angles of a triangle 
20160224 

From Sophia: Does every triangle add up to 180 degrees? (Such as a unique triangle) Answered by Penny Nom. 





The midpoints of the sides of a quadrilateral 
20160205 

From Andrea: The segments, joining, in order the midpoints of consecutive sides of a quadrilateral form a parallelogram. Answered by Penny Nom. 





A quadrilateral inside a square 
20160130 

From Subrahmanya: In a square ABCD of side 6 units P, Q are mid points of BC, CD respectively. The line segments BQ, DP intersect in R then find the area of the quadrilateral ABRD using only plane geometry. Answered by Chris Fisher. 





An equilateral triangle inscribed in a circle 
20150611 

From Casey: I have an equilateral triangle inscribed in a circle  this triangle
has been bisected to give me 2 right triangles. I know the length
of the line bisecting the equilateral triangle is 36 inches. How do
I figure out the circumference of the circle and the length of the
sides of the equilateral triangle? Answered by Penny Nom. 





The height of an equilateral triangle 
20150312 

From anna: I am anna and i am in 7th grade.
i am trying to find the height of and equilateral triangle, all sides equaling 4 inches Answered by Penny Nom. 





The area of a quadrilateral 
20150311 

From Joel: Diagonal ac of quadrilateral ABCD is 60cm and the lengths of perpendiculars to
It from the opposite vertices are 4.2cm and 5.8 cm find the area of the quadrilateral
ABCD Answered by Penny Nom. 





The area of a quadrilateral 
20140806 

From Rahul: find the area of the quadrilateral whose side measure9cm,40cm,28cm,15cm and in which the angle between the first 2 sides is a right angle Answered by Penny Nom. 





An equilateral triangle with vertices in 3 parallel planes 
20140531 

From prajay: How to construct an Equilateral Triangle whose vertices lie on three
parallel lines, if the distances of two lines are 'a' and 'b' units
from the middle line.What is the length of the side of the
Equilateral Triangle ? Answered by Chris Fisher. 





A cyclic quadrilateral 
20140328 

From Carly: Suppose ABCD is a cyclic quadrilateral, i.e A, B, C, and D are the points on a circle,
given in order going around the circle. Show that if we join each of A, B, C, and D to the orthocentre
of the triangle formed by the other three, then the resulting line segments all intersect in a common midpoint.
Thank you. Answered by Chris Fisher. 





Water in a conical funnel 
20140211 

From Marcus: Water is running out of a conical funnel at the rate of 1 inch^3/sec. If the radius of the base of the funnel is 4 in. and the altitude is 8 in., find the rate at which the water level is dropping when it is 2 in. from the top. Answered by Penny Nom. 





Related rates 
20140130 

From Veronica: A container is the shape of an inverted right circular cone has a radius of 1.00 inches at the top and a height of 5.00 inches. At the instant when the water in the container is 1.00 inches deep, the surface level is falling at the rate of 2.00 inches/second. Find the rate at which the water is being drained. Answered by Penny Nom. 





A man and a kite 
20140129 

From Veronica: A man flies a kite at a height of 120 meters. The wind carries the kite horizontally away from him at a rate of 8 meters/second. How fast is the distance between the man and the kite changing when the kite is 130 meters away from him? Answered by Penny Nom. 





The fourth side of a quadrilateral 
20140123 

From joanna: left vertical measurement 2560mm
right vertical measurement 1850mm
base horizontal measurement 1750mm
question  what will the 4th measurement be please.
using a scale drawing I make it approx 1900mm but require an accurate measurement
regards
Joanna Answered by Penny Nom. 





The area of a quadrilateral 
20131221 

From khushboo: Find the area of quadrilateral pqrs in which
angle QPS=90°,PQ=12cm, PS=9cm, QR=8cm and SR=17cm.
(Hint: PQRS has two parts) Answered by Penny Nom. 





A circle insubscribed in an isosceles trapezoid 
20131208 

From Bob: A circle is insubscribed in an isosceles trapezoid, with
parallel lengths of 8cm and 18cm.
What is the lengths of sloping edges and why? Answered by Robert Dawson. 





Water flowing out of a tank 
20131103 

From Carolyn: The flow of water out of a hole in a tank is known to be proportional to the square root of the height of water above the hole.
That is,
dV/dt (proportional to) sq root (h)
The tank has a constant crosssectional area A, show that the height of water in the tank is given by
h = ((kt+C)/2)^2
If the tank is 9 metres high, and it takes 5 hours for it to drain from full to half full,
how much longer will we have to wait until it is completely empty? Answered by Penny Nom. 





Euclid's Parallel Postulate 
20130820 

From Justin: Hello there,
I was wondering is Euclid's Fifth Parallel Postulate of parallel lines never intersecting, undecidable or essentially undecidable?
Thank you so much for any help you can provide! Answered by Robert Dawson. 





Related rates 
20130217 

From Ishaak: A hemispherical bowl is filled with water at a uniform rate. When the height of water is h cm the volume is π(rh^21/3 h^3 )cm^3, where r s the radius. Find the rate at which the water level is rising when it is half way to the top, given that r = 6 and the bowl fills in 1 minute. Answered by Penny Nom. 





An equilateral triangle inscribed in a circle 
20130117 

From Nicole: How do you find the shaded region of a circle if an unshaded equilateral triangle in inscribed in it. The only other things I know about the problem are that the side lengths of the equilateral triangle are 14 inches. Answered by Penny Nom. 





The perimeter of an equilateral triangle 
20121214 

From shreyaarora: if the area of on equilateral triangle is 24/3cm,then what is its perimeter Answered by Penny Nom. 





An equilateral triangle and a regular hexagon in a circle 
20120911 

From Heidemarie: The vertices of an equilateral triangle with side length of 10 sqrt 3 cm lie on a circle. Find the side length of the regular hexagon whose vertices lie on the same circle. Answered by Penny Nom. 





The area of a quadrilateral 
20120421 

From Rajat: calculate the area ABCD in which AB is 48'1'',BC is 98'4'',CD is 61'4'',DA is 102'10'',AC is 110'3'',BD is 116'9''. Answered by Penny Nom. 





Two cars approach a rightangled intersection 
20120410 

From Michael: Two cars approach a rightangled intersection, one traveling south a 40km/h and the other west at 70km/h.
When the faster car is 4km from the intersection and the other case if 3km from the intersection,
how fast is the distance between the car cars changing? Answered by Penny Nom. 





A circle drawn around a equilateral triangle 
20120401 

From BIMAL: what is the diameter of a circle drawn around a equilateral triangle of size 6 cm Answered by Penny Nom. 





Gravel, sand, cement and an equilateral triangle 
20120321 

From saheed: how many tonnes of gravel and sand,bags of cements will be required to concrete 5feet depth/deep of 4feet equilateral triangle? Answered by Harley Weston. 





The height of an equilateral triangle 
20120229 

From Carley: Hi my name is Carley. I am an 8th garder. What us the height of an equilateral triangle si the sides are 18 cm? Answered by Penny Nom. 





The weight of a steel plate 
20120227 

From david: what is the weight of a steel plate that is 1/2" thick, 20" wide, and 45"long if the steel weigh .28 lb per cubic inch. Answered by Penny Nom. 





If a parallelogram is a cyclic quadrilateral then it is a rectangle 
20120201 

From Kim: Show that if a parallelogram is a cyclic quadrilateral then it is a rectangle.
Hint: Observe that in a parallelogram ABCD we always have Triangle ABC is congruent to Triangle CDA. Answered by Robert Dawson and Chris Fisher. 





An equilateral triangle and some circles 
20120110 

From tushar: draw an equilateral triangle with side 6cm.draw 3circles with radii 3cm on each angular point of triangle.draw common tangent on each of two circles Answered by Penny Nom. 





Water is flowing into a cup 
20111219 

From Tim: A cup has a radius of 2" at the bottom and 6" on the top. It is 10" high. 4 Minutes ago, water started pouring at 10 cubic " per minute. How fast was the water level rising 4 minutes ago? How fast is the water level rising now? What will the rate be when the glass is full? Answered by Penny Nom. 





Water pouring into a conical tank 
20111121 

From Patience: Hi my name is patience and I'm having a problem with this question.
Water pours into a conical tank of semi vertical angle 30 degrees at the rate of 4 cm^3/s, where h is the depth of the water at time t. At what rate is the water rising in the tank when h = 10 cm?
Thank you Answered by Penny Nom. 





A reservoir has the shape of an inverted cone 
20111003 

From Roger: a reservoir has the shape of an inverted cone whose cross section is an equilateral triangle. if water is being pumped out of the reservoir at a rate of 2m^3/sec, at what rate is the depth of the water changing when the depth is 40 meters? Answered by Penny Nom. 





A hemispherical bowl with a lead ball inside 
20110927 

From Jean: "(a) Water is being poured into a hemispherical bowl of radius 3 inch
at the rate of 1 inch^3/s. How fast is the water level rising when the
water is 1 inch deep ?
(b) In (a), suppose that the bowl contains a lead ball 2 inch in
diameter, and find how fast the water level is rising when the ball is
half submerged." Answered by Penny Nom. 





A cyclic quadrilateral 
20110815 

From Tim: Hi! I've been working on this for a while and I'm quite stuck. If anyone can help that would be great.
The sides BC and AD of a quadrilateral ABCD are parallel. A circle meets the side AB at B and E and the side CD at C and F. Prove that the quadrilateral AEFD is cyclic. Answered by Chris Fisher. 





Find the rate at which the searchlight rotates 
20110417 

From Meredith: A searchlight is position 10 meters from a sidewalk. A person is walking along the sidewalk at a constant speed of 2 meters per second. The searchlight rotates so that it shines on the person. Find the rate at which the searchlight rotates when the person is 25 meters from the searchlight. Answered by Penny Nom. 





A conical container and a spherical balloon 
20110406 

From Steven: Water is running out of a conical container 12 feet in diameter and 8 feet deep (vertex down) and filling a spherical balloon.
At the instant the depth of the water in the cone is 4 feet, the radius of the sphere is approximately 4 feet.
The rate of change of the depth of the water in the cone at the instant is approximately ______________ times the rate of change of the radius of the balloon. Answered by Penny Nom. 





[(90+364) ÷ 2] x 15 = 
20110330 

From ken: [(90+364) ÷ 2] x 15 = Answered by Penny Nom. 





A camera's line of sight 
20110226 

From MJ: A rocket that is rising vertically is being tracked by a ground level camera located 3 mi from the point of blast off when the rocket is 2 mi high its speed is 400mph At what rate is the (acute) angle between the horizontal and the camera's line of sight changing Answered by Penny Nom. 





At what rate is the grain pouring from the chute? 
20110226 

From MJ: Suppose that grain pouring from a chute forms a conical heap in such a way that the height is always 2/3 the radius of the base. At the moment when the conical heap is 3 m high, its height is rising at the rate of 1/2 m/min. At what rate (in m^3/min) is the grain pouring from the chute? Answered by Penny Nom. 





Cutting the top off a conical tent 
20110222 

From tom: how far from the top must you cut a conical tent in order to cut the
cloth in half... Answered by Penny Nom. 





A player runs from second base to third base 
20110130 

From Marie: A baseball diamond is a square with side 90 feet in length. A player runs from second base to third base at a rate of 18 ft/sec. At what rate is the area of the trapezoidal region, formed by line segments A, B, C, and D changing when D is 22.5
Distance A is the players distance from first base when running from 2nd to third. Distance D is his distance from 3rd base. Distance C is the distance from 3rd to 3rd to Home. Distance B is the distance from Home to First.
I have found dA/dt in a previous problem. Answered by Penny Nom. 





The sides of an equilateral triangle 
20110127 

From Cristal: Hello :) How can i find the sides of an equilateral triangle when only given the height 10m? Answered by Penny Nom. 





Can determine if it is scalene, isosceles, or equilateral 
20101201 

From Jessie: find the measures of the sides of triangle KPL and classify each triangle by its sides. my first problem would be K(3,2) P(2,1) L(2,3) ...The three points they give you are the vertices of the triangle and you need to match them up. Draw the triangle and write in the vertices and the related point with the vertex. You will then do the distance formula three times to find the distance of all three sides. Once you have the three sides you can determine if it is scalene, isosceles, or equilateral...using the distance formula how do i solve this? Answered by Penny Nom. 





The area of an equilateral triangle 
20101111 

From ginny: If a equilateral triangle has side lengths of 41.33m how would i calculate the area?
if i don't know the height of the triangle?
thank you. Answered by Penny Nom. 





A circular oil slick of uniform thickness 
20100522 

From Susan: Hi,
I have this problem on a homework assignment and just can't seem to figure it out:
A circular oil slick of uniform thickness is caused by a spill of 1 m^3 of oil. The thickness of the oil is decreasing at the rate of .001m/h. At what rate is the radius of the slick increasing when the radius is 8. Answered by Penny Nom. 





Exactly two lines of symmetry 
20100411 

From debbie: i am looking for a quadrilateral with exactly two lines of symmetry. please help! thank you. Answered by Tyler Wood. 





Related rates and a rectangular sponge 
20100406 

From Heather: A rectangular sponge is increasing its length at 4cm/min, decreasing its width at 2cm/min, and increasing its height at 3cm/min. When its length, width and height are 40, 30, and 20 respectively, find the rate of change of volume and surface area. Answered by Penny Nom. 





Sand falling off a conveyer 
20100402 

From Katherine: sand is falling off a conveyer onto a pile at the rate of 1.5 cubic feet per minute. The diameter of the base is approximately twice the altitude. At what rate is the height of the pile changing when it is 10 feet high? Answered by Penny Nom. 





Sand in an hourglass 
20100320 

From Luke:
Answered by Harley Weston. 





A quadrilateral with 4 known sides and 1 known angle 
20100319 

From samuel: Name: Samuel
Status: Student
I have a quadrilateral with 4 known sides and 1 known angle, and I'm trying to evaluate the other angles of my quadrilateral.
By the law of cosines, I can easily find my opposite angle (using the diagonal as a basis for the equation).
However, to find the two remaining angles, I have found no other way so far than to use the other diagonal, which can be found with the equation attached (from geometry atlas).
Is there any simpler way? Answered by Robert Dawson and Harley Weston. 





A related rates problem 
20100303 

From Amanda: A circle is inscribed in a square. The circumference of the circle is increasing at a rate of 6 inches per second. As the circle expands, the square expands to maintain the tangency. Determine the rate at which the area of the region between the circle and square is changing at the moment when the cricle has an area of 25(pi) square inches. Answered by Penny Nom. 





The vertices of an equilateral triangle 
20100219 

From Emma: If two of the vertices of an equilateral triangle are (2,1) and (6,5), what
are the two possible coordinates of the third side of the triangle? Answer
in radical form. Answered by Tyler Wood. 





Related Rates Problem 
20100112 

From Neven: A woman raises a bucket of cement to a platform 40 ft
above her head by means of a rope 80 ft long that passes
over a pulley on the platform. If she holds her end of
the rope firmly at head level and walks away at 5ft/s,
how fast is the bucket rising when she is 30 ft away
from the spot directly below the pulley?
(G. F. Simmons, Calculus with Analytic Geometry, pg.142) Answered by Penny Nom. 





Related Rates of a Cylinderical Trough with a Horizontal Axis 
20091226 

From Emily: A cylinder is lying on it's side and being filled with water at a constant rate. Let the current height of water be t=0. When t=4, the cylinder is half full. When t=12, the cylinder is completely full. When is the rate of the height change increasing? Answered by Janice Cotcher. 





How fast is the distance between the two cars decreasing? 
20091208 

From Jenny: Two cares are on a collision course toward point P. The paths of the two cars make a 30 degree angle with each other. The first car is 40 km from P, and traveling toward P at 16 km/hour. The second car is 50 km from P, traveling at 20 km/hour. How fast is the (straight line) distance between the two cars decreasing. (Hint: Law of Cosines) Answered by Harley Weston. 





An irregular quadrilateral 
20091029 

From riya: what is irregular quadrilateral? Answered by Penny Nom. 





Solve for s 
20090812 

From Michelle: My daughter and I are having trouble with this problem...All it says i solve thr formula for the indicated variable.
Height of an Equilateral Triangle.
Solve for s:
H= square root of 3/2 * S Answered by Penny Nom. 





The lateral area of a cone 
20090715 

From ashley: What is the radius of a cone with the lateral area being 443.3 mm^2 and the slant height being 14.7 mm. Answered by Penny Nom. 





Sand falls from a conveyor belt 
20090401 

From Tracy: Sand falls from a conveyor belt at the rate of 10 cubic feet per minute onto a conical pile. The radius of the base is always equal to half the pile's height. How fast is the height growing when the pile is 5ft high? Answered by Stephen La Rocque. 





A spherical Tootsie Roll Pop 
20090401 

From Tracy: A spherical Tootsie Roll Pop you are sucking on is giving up volume at a steady rate of .8 ml/min. How fast will the radius be decreasing when the Tootsie Roll Pop is 20 mm across? Answered by Harley Weston. 





Related rates 
20090314 

From Jeevitha: The side of an equilateral triangle decreases at the rate of 2 cm/s.
At what rate is the area decreasing when the area is 100cm^2? Answered by Stephen La Rocque. 





License plates and poker hands 
20090314 

From CC: You have a license plate it can have 6 numbers/letters you can use the numerals 09 and the letters AZ how many combos are possible and how did you figure it out?
Question 2,
Your dealt an Omaha hand You have KKKQQ, how many different hands can consist of the same cards. Answered by Harley Weston. 





Water drains from a conical tank 
20090311 

From Tyler: Water drains from a conical tank at the rate of 5ft/min^3. If the initial radius of the tank is 4' and the initial height is 10'.
a) What is the relation between the variables h and r? (height and radius)
b) How fast is the water level dropping when h=6'?
Thanks for the help, i'm stumped. Answered by Penny Nom. 





Related rates 
20090309 

From Megan: A plane flying with a constant speed of 330 km/h passes over a ground radar station at an altitude of 3 km and climbs at an angle of 30°. At what rate is the distance from the plane to the radar station increasing a minute later? Answered by Harley Weston. 





Water flowing from a cone to a cylinder 
20090123 

From Ray: Water is passing through a conical filter 24 cm deep and 16 cm across the top into a cylindrical container of radius 6 cm. At what rate is the level of water in the cylinder rising when the depth of the water in the filter is 12 cm its level and is falling at the rate of 1 cm/min? Answered by Harley Weston. 





A cyclic quadrilateral 
20090123 

From Murtaza: Line ATB touches a circle at T and TC is a diameter. AC and BC cut the circle at D and E respectively.Prove that the quadrilateral ADEB is cyclic. Answered by Robert Dawson and Chris Fisher. 





The area of a quadrilateral shape 
20090119 

From craig: how do u work out the area of a quadrilateral shape Answered by Robert Dawson. 





An equilateral triangle 
20081217 

From lorraine: an equilateral triangle has side lenghts of10.the length of its altitude is? Answered by Penny. 





A quadrilateral with two pairs of congruent sides 
20081210 

From nicole: what is the name of a figure that has 2 sides that measure 25 feet each and 2 sides that measure 10 feet each? Answered by Robert Dawson. 





A quadrilateral with exactly 1 pair of parallel sides and no congruent sides 
20081210 

From alie: a quadrilateral with exactly 1 pair of parallel sides and no congruent sides is what? Answered by Robert Dawson. 





Related rates 
20081126 

From Lyudmyla: How fast is the volume of a cone increasing when the radius of its base is 2 cm and growing at a rate of 0.4 cm/s, and its height is 5 cm and growing at a rate of 0.1 cm/s? Answered by Harley Weston. 





How fast is the length of his shadow changing? 
20081122 

From Desiree: A spotlight on the ground shines on a wall 12 m away. If a man 2 m tall walks from the spotlight toward the building at a speed of 2.3 m/s, how fast is the length of his shadow on the building decreasing when he is 4 m from the building? Answered by Harley Weston. 





License plates 
20081117 

From Clayton: Okay, so in this situation a license plate must have four letters (AZ) and four numbers (09), ex. ABCD1234, where repeating a letter or number is allowed ex. AAAA1234, or ABCD1111, or AAAA1111. The order of letters first numbers second, or number first, letters second is allowable, and each state has its own plates, so ABCD1234 from New York, and ABCD1234 from Minnesota are considered different combinations, how many different license plates could there be? Answered by Penny Nom. 





A conical funnel 
20081112 

From Rachael: Hello, I am a 10th grader in AP Calc, and can not figure out this question:
Water is running out of a conical funnel at the rate of 1 inch^3/sec. If the radius of the base of the funnel is 4 in. and the altitude is 8 in., find the rate at which the water level is dropping when it is 2 in. from the top. Answered by Harley Weston. 





The height of an equilateral triangle 
20081106 

From touqeer: My question is that how can we find the height of an equilateral triangle without using pythagoras theorem? Answered by Penny Nom. 





Water is leaking from a conical tank 
20081024 

From Kimberly: Water is leaking out of an inverted conical tank at a rate of 12000 cm3/min at the same time that water is being pumped into the tank at a constant rate. The tank has height 6 m and the diameter at the top is 4 m. If the water level is rising at a rate of 20 cm/min when the height of the water is 2 m, find the rate at which water is being pumped into the tank. Answered by Stephen La Rocque. 





Melting ice on a hemisphere 
20081020 

From heather: The top of a silo is the shape of a hemishere of diameter 20 ft. if it is coated uniformly with a layer of ice, and if the thickness is decreasing at a rate of 1/4 in/hr, how fast is the volume of ice changing when the ice is 2 inches thick? Answered by Penny Nom. 





A geometric construction 
20081017 

From M: Given any 3 parallel lines on a plane, how to construct an equilateral triangle with each vertex on each line? Answered by Chris Fisher. 





Related rates 
20081016 

From Gisela: As sand leaks out of a hole in a container, it forms a conical pile whose
altitude is always the same as its radius. If the height of the pile is increasing
at a rate of 6 in/min, find the rate at which the sand is leaking out when the
altitude is 10in. Answered by Penny Nom. 





The rate of change of the volume of a cone 
20081015 

From Barbara: Suppose that both the radius r and height h of a circular cone change at a rate of 2 cm/s.
How fast is the volume of the cone increasing when r = 10 and h = 20? Answered by Harley Weston. 





The area of a quadrilateral 
20080911 

From Mike: How do I find the area of a quadrilateral that has one sloped side? Answered by Penny Nom. 





The perimeter of an equilateral triangle 
20080911 

From Gerry: How can I find the perimeter (length of side) of an equilateral triangle if the only information I have is the altitude? Answered by Penny Nom. 





An equilateral triangle 
20080721 

From Meagan: An equilateral triangle has vertices at (0,0) and (6,0) in a coordinate plane. What are the coordinates of the third vertex? You may want to sketch it out.
Note: The sides of an equilateral triangle are identical in length. Answered by Harley Weston. 





A convex quadrilateral in spherical geometry 
20080709 

From Joan: What is the min and max number of obtuse angles possible ia a convex quadrilateral in Spherical Geometry?
I know that the Saccheri has 2 obtuse angles and the Lambert has one, but are there other possibilities?
Thanks for your help. Answered by Chris Fisher. 





Two triangles and a circle 
20080703 

From Anita: An equilateral triangle with side of length 1 cm is inscribed in a circle. A second equilateral triangle is circumscribed about the circle with all sides tangent to the circle. Find the length of a side of the second triangle. Answered by Harley Weston. 





A rectangle 
20080626 

From SEBASTIAN: How to arrange quadrilateral in the form of a rectangle? Answered by Penny Nom. 





Liquid is being pored into the top of a funnel 
20080525 

From Stella: Liquid is being pored into the top of a funnel at a steady rate of 200cm^3/s. The funnel is in the shape of an inverted right circular cone with a radius equal to its height. It has a small hole in the bottom where the liquid is flowing out at a rate of 20cm^3/s. How fast is the height of the liquid changing when the liquid in the funnel is 15cm deep?
At the instance when the height of the liquid is 25cm, the funnel becomes clogged at the bottom and no mo re liquid flows out. How fast does the height of the liquid change just after this occurs? Answered by Stephen La Rocque. 





A quadrilateral 
20080508 

From reena: two exterior angles quadrilateral are 100 degrees 110 degrees each. two remaing interior one angle twice size other find size of each angle Answered by Penny Nom. 





The Pythagorean theorem with triangles rather than squares 
20080429 

From Zachary: I need to figure out how to prove the pythagorean theoorem using equilateral triangles
instead of using square. I know that A^2+B^2=C^2, but how do you get that by using equilateral
triangles. I know the area of a triangle is BH1/2=Area. So what i need to know is how to derieve the
formula of a triangle to get the pythagorean theorem Answered by Penny Nom. 





Related rates 
20080425 

From Mary: A rectangular box is 10 inches high. It's length increases at a rate of 2 inches per second and it's width decreases at the rate of 4 inches per second. When the length is 8 inches and the width is 6 inches, what is the rate of change of the volume? Answered by Stephen La Rocque. 





The area of an equilateral triangle 
20080328 

From ElizabethMorgan: I have a problem that reads:
Find the area of a triangle with sides of 4 cm. Find the height first.
This means that I have an equilateral triangle, and I need a formula
to calculate the height using the base, and the sides. Answered by Stephen La Rocque. 





The area of an equilateral triangle 
20080316 

From michael: my daughter has been given a task and I'm stuck too.
if an area of an equilateral triangle = 85cm squared
there are no other dimensions provided.
how do I calculate the length of each side ? please Answered by Penny Nom. 





A 6 pointed star 
20080304 

From Siddharth: When 2 congruent equilateral triangles share a common center, their union can be a star
If their overlap is a regular hexagon with an area of 60, what is the area of one of the original equilateral triangles?
a) 60 b) 70 c) 80 d)90 e)100 Answered by Stephen La Rocque. 





A proof in geometry 
20080227 

From Kimberly: I'm trying to write a proof for the following: If all altitudes are equal in an equilateral triangle then all sides are equal. Answered by Stephen La Rocque and Penny Nom. 





A spherical bubble gum bubble 
20071231 

From Houston: Bazooka Joe is blowing a spherical bubble gum bubble. Let V be the volume in the bubble, R the inside of the bubble, and T the thickness of the bubble. V, T, and R are functions of time t.
(a) Write a formula for V in terms of T and R. Hint: Draw a picture
(b) Assume that the amount of bubble gum in the bubble is not changing. What is V'(t)?
(c) After 5 minutes of blowing a bubble gum bubble, the bubble is 3ft in diameter and .01 feet thick. If the inside radius of the bubble is expanding at a rate of .5 feet per minute, how fast is the thickness changing? Hint: Remember that the volume of gum in the bubble does not change over time. Answered by Harley Weston. 





Finding all the angles 
20071213 

From Rajesh: An eqilateral triangle is drawn in a square with one of the side as its base and draw the lines from the other angular sides such that there are four triangles
formed inside the square which includes the equilateral triangle.I want to know all the angles of all the triangles formed inside the square. Answered by Stephen La Rocque and Penny Nom. 





Related rates  tree growth 
20071209 

From Christy: How do I go about answering this question, I know I have to find dv/dt, but I'm not sure how to start.
The volume of a certain tree is given by V= 1/12pie C^2h where C is the circumference of the tree at the ground level and h is the height of the tree. If C=5feet and growing at the rate of 0.2feet per yer, and if h=22feet and is growing at 4 feet per year, find the rate of growth of the volume, V. Answered by Stephen La Rocque and Harley Weston. 





Proving a quadrilateral is a rhombus 
20071203 

From Jeanie: How do you prove that a quadrilateral is a rhombus because the diagonals
of the quadrilateral are perpendicular and bisect each other using the 2column
proof method? Answered by Stephen La Rocque. 





Related Rates (streetlamp and shadow) 
20071109 

From Casey: A street light is mounted at the top of a 15ft pole. A man 6ft tall walks away from the pole at a rate of 5ft per second. How fast is the tip of his shadow moving when he is 40ft from the pole? Answered by Stephen La Rocque and Penny Nom. 





Related Rates (a water trough) 
20071107 

From Christina: A rectangular trough is 3ft long , 2ft across the top and 4 ft deep. If water flows in at the rate of 2ft^3/min, how fast is the surface rising when the water is 1 ft deep ? Answered by Stephen La Rocque. 





The length of the side of a triangle 
20071028 

From devon: hay ok i have the height of a triangle but how do i find the length od the side if all of the sides are the same length Answered by Penny Nom. 





An equalateral triangle is 30 acres 
20071028 

From mike: If the area of an equilateral triangle is 30 acres, what is the length of each side in feet or miles? Answered by Penny Nom and Victoria West. 





How to solve related rates problems 
20071027 

From David: Can you plz explain how and where you come up with an equation to solve this?
Find the rate of change of the distance between the origin and a moving point on the graph of y = sin x if dx/dt = 2 centimeters per second. Answered by Stephen La Rocque. 





Related rates 
20071026 

From David: A trough is 12 feet long and 3 feet across the top.(look like an upsidedown triangle square). Its ends are isosceles triangles with altitudes of 3 feet.
a) If water is being pumped into the trough at 2 cubic feet per minute, how fast is the water level rising when h is 1 foot deep?
b) If the water is rising at a rate of 3/8 inch per minute when h=2, determine the rate at which water is being pumped into the trough.
thank you so much for helping me out Answered by Stephen La Rocque. 





An equilateral triangle with height 2 inches 
20071023 

From Christine: I'm doing an project in school about tessellations.
But first, I have to construct an equilateral triangle with an altitude of exactly 2 inches.
I know how to draw an equilateral triangle...but I don't know what I have to do in order for the triangle to have an altitude of 2 inches. Answered by Penny Nom. 





The rate of change of the area of a triangle 
20071022 

From Ahlee: So my question is:
The included angle of the two sides of a constant equal length s of an isosceles triangle is ϑ.
(a) Show that the area of the triangle is given by A=1/2s^2 sinϑ
(b) If ϑ is increasing at the rate of 1/2 radian per minute, find the rate of change of the area when ϑ=pi/6 and ϑ=pi/3.
(c) Explain why the rate of change of the area of a triangle is not constant even though dϑ/dt is constant Answered by Penny Nom. 





A rectangular trough 
20071018 

From David: A rectangular trough is 2 meter long, 0.5 meter across the top and 1 meter deep. At what rate must water be poured into the trough such that the depth of the water is increasing at 1m/min. when the depth of the water is 0.7m.
I know this involves implicit differentiation somehow, but the 3 variables, since V=l*w*h for a rectangle is confusing me. I'm not sure whether one of the variables should be fixed or not, since I'm not getting anywhere with this right now. Any help would be great. Answered by Stephen La Rocque and Penny Nom. 





A conical cup 
20071018 

From Nicholas: Water is leaking out of a small hole at the tip of a conical paper cup at the rate of 1cm^3/min. The cup has height 8cm and radius 6cm, and is initially full up to the top. Find the rate of change of the height of water in the cup when the cup just begins to leak.
Since V= (pi/3)r^2h, how do I eliminate a variable or change the equation so I that I can answer the question? Thanks. Answered by Penny Nom. 





Related rates 
20071015 

From Alexis: Example 1. An observer is tracking a small plane flying at an altitude of 5000 ft. The plane flies directly over the observer on a horizontal path at the fixed rate of 1000 ft/min. Find the rate of change of the distance from the plane to the observer when the plane has flown 12,000 feet after passing directly over the observer. Answered by Stephen La Rocque. 





Area of a quadrilateral 
20071010 

From Courtney: how would i find the area of a quadrilateral..
the sides are a (/) is 6cm, b (—) is 9 cm, and c (\) is 7 cm..
the angle between a and b is 140 degrees and b and c is 115 degrees.. Answered by Stephen La Rocque. 





A convex quadrilateral 
20070924 

From alex: if a convex quadrilateral ABCD is set up so that angles b and c are fixed (for example angle b= 73 and angle c =150), and
sides AB and CD are congruent; can angles a and b vary, or are they also fixed Answered by Brent Michelson. 





Water flowing into a tank 
20070921 

From andrew: Hi, I've been having real trouble visualizing this problem as apposed to a conical tank.
It says the base of a pyramidshaped tank is a square with sides of length 12 feet. The
vertex of the pyramid is 10 feet above the base. The tank is filled to a depth of 4 feet, water is flowing
into the tank at the rate of 2 cubic feet per minute. Find the rate of change of the depth of water in the tank. Answered by Harley Weston. 





Water in a conical tank 
20070910 

From Greg: Joe is conducting an experiment to study the rate of flow of water from a conical tank.
The dimensions of the conical tank are:
Radius at the initial water level = 13.7 cm
Radius at the reference point = 12.8 cm
Initially the tank is full of water. There is a circular orifice at the bottom of the conical
tank with a diameter of 0.635 cm. The water drains from the conical tank into an empty
cylindrical tank lying on its side with a radius of 0.500 ft and a length L (ft).
Joe observed the water discharged with an average velocity of 1.50 m/s as the water level
lowered from the initial height of 14.0 cm to 5.00 cm in the conical tank. Answer the
following:
1. If the initial height of water in the conical tank is 14.0 cm (measured from the
reference point, see Fig. 1), how long in seconds will it take for the water level to drain to
a height of 5.00 cm?? NOTE: Height refers to the vertical height.
What formula would I use to find out how long in seconds it takes for the water level to drop? Answered by Harley Weston. 





A quadrilateral problem 
20070829 

From James: The sides BC and AD of a quadrilateral ABCD are parallel. X is the midpoint of AB. The area of ABCD is Y. Find the area of the triangle CXD in the terms of Y. Answered by Harley Weston. 





Three points on the circumference of a circle 
20070730 

From Bharathi: given a circle with radius r and a point x,y on its circumference,output two other
points x1,y1 and x2,y2 on the circle so thar all 3 points form a equilateral triangle. Answered by Stephen La Rocque. 





Proving a quadrilateral is a rectangle 
20070714 

From Sonja: I was having this discussion with another teacher and we need a third opinion. When you are trying to prove a quadrilateral is a rectangle which method should you use:
 Prove the shape is a parallelogram by doing slope 4 times by stating that parallel lines have equal slopes. Then proving a right angle by stating that perpendicular lines have negative reciprocal slopes.
 Doing the slope 4 times and stating that the shape is a rectangle because opposite sides are parallel because of equal slopes and it contains a right angle because of negative reciprocal slopes.
I guess the real question is do you have to first state that the shape is a parallelogram? Answered by Stephen La Rocque. 





The area of a quadrilateral 
20070610 

From Lucy: Calculate the area of the quadrilateral ABCD.
AB= 4.1cm, BC = 7.6cm, AD= 5.4 cm, CD= ?
Angle ABC = 117, Angle ADC = 62.
Give your answer correct to 3 significant figures. Answered by Stephen La Rocque and Penny Nom. 





The area of equilateral triangle 
20070605 

From solomon: describe the area of equilateral triangle in terms of its side? solve in two ways. Answered by Stephen La Rocque. 





A circular blob of molasses 
20070528 

From Julie: A circular blob of molasses of uniform thickness has a volume of 1 m^3.
The thickness of the molasses is decreasing at a rate of 0.1 cm/hour.
At what rate is the radius of the molasses increasing when the radius is 8
m?
Thanks,
Julia Answered by Penny Nom. 





More on quadrilateral shape names 
20070526 

From Don: If North Americans call a quadrilateral with no parallel sides a trapezium, is a kite merely a special type of trapezium? Can a rhombus be a kite? Answered by Walter Whiteley and Penny Nom. 





Lateral area of a right cone 
20070517 

From Crystal: In my homework the question says the lateral area of a right cone is 226.08 cm cubed.
the slant hieght is 12 cm. Find the total surface area. How do I do that? Answered by Stephen La Rocque. 





Area of an equilateral triangle 
20070509 

From Diana: how do i find the area of an equilateral triangle when they give us the base? Answered by Penny Nom. 





A growing heap of sand: related rates 
20070423 

From Charles: Sand falls on to a horizontal ground at the rate of 9m ^ 3 per second and forms a heap in the shape of a right circular cone with vertical angle 60. Show that 10 seconds after the sand begins to fall, the rate at which the radius of the pile is increasing is 3 ^ (1/3) * (4/pi) ^ (1/3) m per minute. Answered by Stephen La Rocque and Penny Nom. 





Liquid is being poured into the top of a funnel 
20070419 

From neroshan: Liquid is being poured into the top of a funnel at a steady rate of 200cm^3/s.
The funnel is in the shape of an inverted right circular cone with a radius
equal to its height. It has a small hole at the bottom where the liquid is
flowing out at a rate of 20 cm^3/s. How fast is the height of the liquid
changing when the liquid in the funnel is 15 cm deep?
At the instant when the height of the liquid is 25cm, the funnel becomes clogged
at the bottom and no more liquid flows out. How fast does the height of the
liquid change just after this occurs? Answered by Penny Nom. 





Water is being pumped into a trough 
20070409 

From Michael: Water is being pumped into a trough that is 4.5m long and has a cross section in the shape of an equilateral triangle 1.5m on a side. If the rate of inflow is 2 cubic meters per minute how fast is the water level rising when the water is 0.5m deep? Answered by Stephen La Rocque. 





A regular quadrilateral 
20070313 

From Jackie: How can the measure of each angle of a regular quadrilateral be determined? Answered by Haley Ess. 





Can the triangle be called both an acute triangle and an equilateral triangle? 
20070310 

From Jane: If all sides of a triangle are the same length and all angles are 60 degrees, can the triangle be called both an acute triangle and an equilateral triangle? Answered by Walter Whiteley. 





At what rate is the area of the triangle changing? 
20070224 

From mac: two sticks 3.5 feet long are hinged together and are stood up to form an isosceles triangle with the floor. The sticks slide apart, and at the moment when the triangle is equilateral, the angle is increasing at the rate of 1/3 radian/sec. At what rate is the area of the triangle increasing or decreasing at that moment? Mac Answered by Penny Nom. 





Rectangles and squares 
20070131 

From Shelby: I am doing homework and I need to know why squares are rectangles but not all rectangles are squares? Answered by Penny Nom. 





Water in a triangular trough 
20070130 

From Trina: the trough is 5 feet long and its vertical cross sections are inverted isosceles triangles with base 2 feet and height 3 feet. water is draining out of the trough at a rate of 2 cubic feet per minute. at any time t, let h be the depth and v be the volume of water in the trough. a. find the volume of water in the trough when it is full b. what is the rate of change in h at the instant when the trough is .25 full by volume? c. what is the rate of change in the area of the surface of the water at the instant when the trough is .25 full by volume? Answered by Penny Nom. 





I have to design a lettering on corrugated plate 
20061129 

From Tim: For a client of mine I have to design a lettering on corrugated plate. The lettering has to appear "normal" when viewed from the front (100%) I am so far now to consider the shape of the plate to be two halves of an oval/ellipse. What I would like to know is a way to calculate the percentage in which I have to "stretch" my design in order to let it appear "normal". Answered by Stephen La Rocque and Penny Nom. 





How many licence plates are possible? 
20061124 

From Naomi: The state of New York has licence plates with five numbers followed by either a letter A or a letter B (eg. 36457A ,59972B ). How many licence plates are possible? Answered by Penny Nom. 





A cyclic quadrilateral 
20061120 

From Namrata: If two sides of a cyclic quadrilateral are parallel, prove that (1) remaining two sides are equal, (2) both diagonals are equal. Answered by Penny Nom. 





Wheat is poured on a conical pile 
20061117 

From Rachel: wheat is poured through a chute at the rate of 10 cubic feet per minute and falls in a conical pile whose bottom radius is always half the altitude. how fast will the circumference of the base be increasing when the pile is 8 feet high? Answered by Penny Nom. 





The name of a shape 
20061111 

From Valentina: I have a shape of 4 sides 3 are the same length (2cm each) and the other smaller (1.5cm) Answered by Chris Fisher. 





A melting snowball 
20061106 

From Jay: A snowball melts at a rate proportional to its surface area. Show that its radius shrinks at a constant rate. If it melts to 8/27 of its original volume in 20 minutes, how long will it take to melt completely? Please I need your help. Answered by Stephen La Rocque. 





The area of a quadrilateral 
20061031 

From Georgina: I would really like to know and be shown how to figure out the area of a quadrilateral. I already know that it is side x matching height but i need to be shown what to do. Could you please help? Answered by Penny Nom. 





Water is being pumped into the pool 
20061024 

From Jon: A swimming pool is 12 meters long, 6 meters wide, 1 meter deep at the shallow end, and 3 meters deeps at the deep end. Water is being pumped into the pool at 1/4 cubic meters per minute, an there is 1 meter of water at the deep end.
a) what percent of the pool is filled?
b) at what rate is the water level rising? Answered by Stephen La Rocque. 





A problem involving a quadrilateral 
20061013 

From Jeff: In the quadrilateral above, AB=AC=AD. If angle BCA = 65, then x=??? Answered by Penny Nom. 





The area of a quadrilateral 
20060914 

From A student: How can i find the area of a quadrilateral? Answered by Penny Nom. 





How fast is the water level rising 
20060812 

From Erin: Water runs into a conical tank at the rate of 9ft^{3}/min. The tank stands point down and has a height of 10 ft. and a base radius of 5 ft. How fast is the water level rising when the water is 6 ft. deep? (V=1/3 pi r^{2} h). Answered by Penny Nom. 





School bus reliability  a probability question 
20060427 

From Peggy: The school bus arrives at Janet's stop on time on 75% of school mornings. What is the probability it will arrive on time each day in a 5day week? Answered by Stephen La Rocque. 





Can an equilateral triangle have an obtuse angle? 
20060326 

From Chris: Can an equilateral triangle have an obtuse angle?
I'm thinking not, because all sides must be equal, but
does that also imply that all angles are equal?
Answered by Stephen La Rocque. 





Three towns are located at the vertices of an equilateral triangle 
20060320 

From A student: three towns are located at the vertices of an equilateral triangle. The towns are 8, 5, and 3 miles, respectively, from a store. How far apart are the towns? Answered by Chris Fisher. 





An equilateral triangle and a regular hexagon 
20060228 

From Trevor: An equilateral triangle and a regular hexagon have equal length perimeters. What is the ratio of their areas? Answered by Penny Nom and Stephen La Rocque. 





Translate and magnify a triangle 
20060219 

From A student: Triangle CAT has vertices located at C(2,5), A(5,1), T(1,1)
Translate triangle CAT 4 units right and magnify the triangle by 3. List the new coordinates and explain the process of computing the new coordinates.
Graph triangle CAT and the new triangle form part A on the same coordinate plane....
Will the area of the new triangle be 3 times as large as the original?? Explain why or why not Answered by Penny Nom. 





Related rates and an oil spill 
20060212 

From Brandon:
An Oil Tanker Spills 100,000 cubic meters of oil, which forms a slick that spreads on the water surface in a shape best modeled by a circular disc is increasing at a rate of 3m/min (it doesn't state what is increasing at 3m/min, so I'm assuming Radius until I can ask my teacher.) At t=T, the area of the "circular" slick reaches 100pi Sq. meters.
A) how fast is the area of the slick increasing at t=T
B)How fast is the thickness of the slick decreasing at t=T
C)Find the rate of change of the area of the slick with respect to the thickness at t=T.
Answered by Penny Nom. 





An irregular quadrilateral 
20060204 

From Christopher: Is there such a shape as an irregular quadrilateral with 4 equal sides? Answered by Penny Nom. 





Two related rates problems 
20051229 

From Shimaera:
#1. A manufacturer determines that the cost of producing x of an item is C(x)=0.015x^{2}+12x+1000 and the price function is p(x)=250+2x/10. Find the actual and marginal profits when 500 items are produced.
#2. At 9 a.m a car is 10km directly east of Marytown and is traveling north at 100 km/h. At the same time, a truck leaves Marytown traveling east at 70 km/h. At 10 a.m, how is the distance between the car and the truck changing?
Answered by Penny Nom. 





One car leaves a spot traveling at 100 km per hour 
20051228 

From Jason: One car leaves a spot traveling at 100 km per hour. The second car leaves the same spot 15 minutes later and traveling at 120 km per hour. How long does it take for the second car to catch up to the first car? Answered by Penny Nom. 





Constructing a quadrilateral 
20051007 

From Jayasri:
Can we construct a unique quadrilateral with the following information:
The lenghts of all the sides of a quadrilateral are known.
The angle between one of the sides and the Xaxis is known.
Answered by Chris Fisher. 





Constructing figures 
20050920 

From Kim: I would like to know how to draw different shapes:
Regular Octagon with sides of length, 1 unit
Equilateral Triangles, with sides of length 1 unit
Regular Hexagons, with sides of length 1 unit
Isoseles Triangles, with hypotenuse of length 1 unit
Answered by Penny Nom. 





A point is moving on the graph of x^3 + y^2 = 1 in such a way that 
20050917 

From Gina: A point is moving on the graph of x^{3} + y^{2} = 1 in such a way that its y coordinate is always increasing at a rate of 2 units per second. At which point(s) is the x coordinate increasing at a rate of 1 unit per second. Answered by Penny Nom. 





At what rate is the circumference of the circle increasing? 
20050808 

From John:
A mathematics professor is knitting a sweater. The main part of the sweater is knit in a large spiral, ending up with a diameter of 30 inches. She knits at a constant rate of 6/7 square inches per minute.
1. At what rate is the circumference of the circle increasing when the diameter is 2 inches?
2. How long will it take her to finish this piece of the sweater?
Answered by Penny Nom. 





A lighthouse is located on a small island,... 
20050714 

From Brittnee: A lighthouse is located on a small island, 3 km away from the nearest point P on a straight shoreline, and its light makes four revolutions per minute. How fast is the beam of light moving along the shoreline when it is 1 km from P? Answered by Penny Nom. 





Area of a region on a map 
20050428 

From Balachandar: Pl. find the attached map.
1. Can u pl. find out the total square are of WLMZ
2. Can u pl .find out the total square are of WXYZ  { A }
3. Can u pl .find out the total square are of XLMY  { B }
Pl .help me to find out the above.
..... Answered by Chris Fisher and Penny Nom. 





The area of a quadrilateral 
20050227 

From Jonathan: I want to know how to find the area of a quadrilateral. Answered by Penny Nom. 





Are the vetices of this quadrilateral concyclic? 
20050130 

From A student: Show that the peints A(2,0),B(6,6),C(1,7) and D(2,6) are concyclic. Also find its circum radius. Answered by Chris Fisher. 





The area of a quadrilateral 
20040825 

From Rich: I would like to know how to measure the area (the formula) of a quadrilateral. Answered by Penny Nom. 





Related rates and baseball 
20040426 

From Bethany: A baseball diamond is the shape of a square with sides 90 feet long. A player running from second to third base at a speed of 28 feet/ second is 30 feet from second base. At what rate is the player's distance from home plate changing? Answered by Penny Nom. 





A changing rectangle 
20040403 

From A student: The width x of a rectangle is decreasing at 3 cm/s,
and its length y is increasing at 5 cm/s. At what rate
is its area A changing when x=10 and y=15? Answered by Penny Nom. 





Some calculus problems 
20040401 

From Weisu:
I have questions about three word problems and one
regular problem, all dealing with derivatives.
 Find all points on xy=e^{xy} where the tangent line
is horizontal.
 The width x of a rectangle is decreasing at 3 cm/s,
and its length y is increasing at 5 cm/s. At what rate
is its area A changing when x=10 and y=15?
 A car and a truck leave the same intersection, the
truck heading north at 60 mph and the car heading west
at 55 mph. At what rate is the distance between the
car and the truck changing when the car and the truck
are 30 miles and 40 miles from the intersection,
respectively?
 The production P of a company satisfies the
equation P=x^{2} + 0.1xy + y^{2}, where x and y are
the inputs. At a certain period x=10 units and y=8
units. Estimate the change in y that should be made to
set up a decrease of 0.5 in the input x so that the
production remains the same.
If you could just give me some hints on these
questions, I'd really appreciate it. Thanks! Answered by Penny Nom. 





Napoleon's theorem 
20040227 

From David: How do i prove this : For any triangle, if you make 3 equillateral triangles
using the sides of the the original triangle, the central points of the 3
tringles another triangle that is equillateral.z Answered by Chris Fisher and Penny Nom. 





A pyramidshaped tank 
20040213 

From Annette: The base of a pyramidshaped tank is a square with sides of length 9 feet, and the vertex of the pyramid is 12 feet above the base. The tank is filled to a depth of 4 feet, and water is flowing into the tank at a rate of 3 cubic feet per second. Find the rate of change of the depth of water in the tank. (Hint: the volume of a pyramid is V = 1/3 B h , where B is the base area and h is the height of the pyramid.) Answered by Harley Weston. 





Area of an equilateral triangle 
20031125 

From Jared: Can you help me understand why the area of a equilateral triangle is the square root of 3 divided by 4 times the lenght of the side squared? Answered by Penny Nom. 





The height of an equilateral triangle 
20030406 

From Rosa: If Each side of an equilateral triangle is 10 m. What is the height? Answered by Penny Nom. 





An equilateral triangle 
20030317 

From Shirley: An equilateral triangle is one in which all three sides are of equal length. If two vertices of an equilateral triangle are (0,4) and (0,0), find the third vertex. How many of these triangles are possible? Answered by Penny Nom. 





An equalateral polygon inscribed within an ellipse 
20020630 

From Steven: How would you calculate the length of one of the sides of an equalateral polygon (of n sides) inscribed within an ellipse ( of any eccentricity ) where all of the vertices exactly touch the perimeter of the ellipse? I know that when the eccentricity is zero ( i.e a circle ) the formula: r * (sin(180/n) * 2) will suffice. But what about when the eccentricity is greater than zero? Answered by Chris Fisher. 





An equilateral triangle 
20020611 

From Sarah: Hi. My name is Sarah. I'm a secondary student taking a Math 30C course by correspondence. The question has two parts.
The first part is: Draw an equilateral triangle XYZ. Draw the altitude from X to YZ. Choose any point P inside the triangle or on the triangle. Draw perpendiculars from P to the sides of the triangle. The Second part is:
Measure the altitude h and the 3 perpendiculars s, t, and u to the nearest mm. Repeat as many time as is necessary until you can state a generalization concerning h, s, t, and u. If you could help me, it would be greatly appreciated. Answered by Penny Nom. 





3 = 2x 
20020505 

From Timothy: My question is 3 = 2x How do I isolate the variable here? Answered by Penny Nom. 





Solving for x 
20020419 

From Susan: I'm having a little trouble solving these equations for x. I can't seem to separate x fully from the other numbers. Please help! Here are the problems: (2x1)/(x2)(x^{ 2}+3) = 0 and y/(x+1)=z/x Answered by Penny Nom. 





Moving a triangle 
20020418 

From A student: find the verticles of a triangle after it is translated 2 units to the left and then is reflected across the graph of y=x+2. The original verticles of the triangle are (2,0), (3,2), and (6,2). Answered by Peny Nom. 





Related rates 
20020417 

From Molly: A tanker spilled 30 ft cubed of chemicals into a river, causing a circular slick whose area is expanding while its thickness is decreasing. If the radius of the slick expands at the rate of 1 foot per hour, how fast is them thickness of the slick decreasing when the area is 100 feet squared? Answered by Penny Nom. 





A quadrilateral with 0 sets of parallel sides 
20011212 

From Jess: Ok well for quadrilaterals a parallelogram is a 4 sided figure with 2 sets of parallel sides and a trapezoid is a 4 sided figure with 1 set of parallel sides. So is there a name for a quadrilateral with 0 sets of parallel side? Answered by Chris Fisher. 





A lighthouse and related rates 
20011129 

From Melissa: A lighthouse is located on a small island 3 km away from the nearest point P on a straight shoreline, and its light makes 4 revolutions per minute. How fast is the beam of light moving along the shoreline when it is 1 km from P? Answered by Penny Nom. 





Translated by the vector (5,2) 
20011119 

From Jennifer: Give the image of (p,q) when translated by the vector (5,2). Answered by Penny Nom. 





Isoscles and scalene 
20010417 

From Autumn: explain where the term isoscles and scalene came from? Answered by Chris Fisher. 





Constructing an equilateral triangle 
20010414 

From Peggy: Please send directions to make an equilateral triangle in plane geometry. I want each student to draw two, cut them out, and place them together to form a Jewish Star. Answered by Penny Nom. 





How can you prove a quadrilateral to be a parallelogram? 
20010316 

From Joy: How can you prove a quadrilateral to be a parallelogram? Answered by Walter Whiteley. 





Equilateral 
20010125 

From A student: I AM 9 YEARS OLD AND I HAVE HOMEWORK. I WOULD LIKE TO KNOW IF THERE IS SUCH A THING AS A EQUILATERAL SQUARE. Answered by Penny Nom. 





Related Rates 
20000507 

From Derek: How can you show that if the volume of a balloon is decreasing at a rate proportional to its surface area, the radius of the balloon is shrinking at a constant rate. Answered by Harley Weston. 





An equilateral triangle in a circle 
20000311 

From Michael Setlik: An equilateral triangle is drawn within a circle such that all three points of the triangle just touch the inside of the circle. Given the diameter of the cicle as six inches what is the length of the sides of the triangle? Answered by Harley Weston. 





Two calculus problems 
20000303 

From Tara Doucet:
The height of a cylinder with a radius of 4 cm is increasing at rate of 2 cm per minute. Find the rate of change of the volume of the cylinder with respect to time when the height is 10 cm. A 24 cm piece of string is cut in two pieces. One piece is used to form a circle and the other to form a square. How should the string be cut so the sum of the areas is a maximum? Answered by Harley Weston. 





A moving point on the graph of y=sinx 
20000222 

From Veronica Patterson: Find the rate of change of the distance between the origin and a moving point on the graph of y=sinx if dx/dt=2 centimeters per second. Answered by Harley Weston. 





Play ball 
20000203 

From Jessie: Here's a calc question that is probably a lot easier than I am making it. If you have a legendary "baseball problem" for the related rates section of Calc I, and you are given that the runner is running from 2nd to 3rd base at a given rate, and the umpire is standing at home plate, and you are given the distance between the bases on the field, how do you find the rate of change of the angle between the third base line (from the point of the umpire) and the runner? Here is a sample prob: Runner is moving from 2nd to 3rd base at a rate of 24 feet per second. Distance between the bases is 90 feet. What is the rate of change for the angle (theta, as described previously) when the runner is 30 feet from 3rd base? Answered by Harley Weston. 





A probability experiment 
20000105 

From Vanessa: Duels in the town of Discretion are rarely fatal. There, each contestant comes at a random moment between 5 a.m. and 6 a.m. on the appointed day and leaves exactly 5 minutes later, honor served, unless his opponent arrives within the time interval and then they fight. What fraction of duels lead to violence? There must be a minimum number of 100 trials and things like graphing calculator, dice, spinners, and whatever are allowed. Answered by Harley Weston. 





A decreasing ellipsoid 
19991215 

From A student instructor: The volume of an ellipsoid whose semiaxes are of the lengths a,b,and c is 4/3 *pi*abc. Suppose semiaxes a is changing at a rate of A cm/s , the semiaxes b is changing at B cm/s and the semiaxes c is changing at C cm/s . If the volume of the ellipsoid is decreasing when a=b=c what can you say about A,B,C? Justify. Answered by Harley Weston. 





Two calculus problems 
19991213 

From Alan: I have 2 questions that are very new to me, they were included on a quiz and the material was never covered. Our teacher never explained the purpose and detailed explanation of how to solve the problem. Could you help? Thanks. Question 1: A ball is falling 30 feet from a light that is 50 feet high. After 1 sec. How fast is the shadow of the ball moving towards the light post. Note that a ball moves according to the formula S=16t^2 Question 2: How many trapezoids must one use in order for the error to be less than 10^8 if we want to find the area under the curve Y=1/X from 1 to 2. Find the exact area, Graph the function and use the trap rule for the "N" that you found. Answered by Harley Weston.






Two calculus problems 
19991201 

From O'Sullivan: Question #1 Assume that a snowball melts so that its volume decreases at a rate proportional to its surface area. If it takes three hours for the snowball to decrease to half its original volume, how much longer will it take for the snowball to melt completely? It's under the chain rule section of differentiation if that any help. I've set up a ratio and tried to find the constant but am stuck. Question #2 The figure shows a lamp located three units to the right of the yaxis and a shadow created by the elliptical region x^2 + 4y^2 < or= 5. If the point (5,0) is on the edge of the shadow, how far above the x axis is the lamp located? The picture shows an x and y axis with only the points 5 and 3 written on the x axis. the lamp is on the upper right quadrant shining down diagonally to the left. There's an ellipse around the origin creating the shadow. It's formula is given as x^2 + 4y^2=5. Answered by Harley Weston. 





Area of a quadrilateral 
19991119 

From Zane Cram: I need the formula to calculate the area of an irregular sided rectangle. Each side has a different measurement or length. Answered by Walter Whiteley. 





Clockwise or Counterclockwise? 
19991027 

From Tim: A particle moves around the circle x^{2} + y^{2} = 1 with an xvelocity component dx/dt = y  Find dy/dt
 Does the particle travel clockwise or counterclockwise around the circle? Why?
Answered by Harley Weston. 





Isosceles triangles 
19991012 

From Amber: In defining the types of triangles, our class was stumped by a question asked by one of the student. Maybe you could help. The definition of an equilateral triangle is a triangle with three congruent sides. The definiton of an isosceles triangle is a triangle with at LEAST two congruent sides. The question is, if an isosceles triangle only requires at Least two of the sides to be congruent, could an equilateral triangle be called an isosceles triangle? Answered by Penny Nom, Walter Whiteley and Chris Fisher. 





A circle in a square 
19990526 

From Jose V Peris: A circle is inscribed in a square. The circumference of the circle is increasing at a constant rate of 6 inches per second. As the circle expands, the square expands to maintain the condition of tangency. find the rate at which the perimeter of the square is increasing. find the rate of increase in the area enclosed between the circle and the square at the instant when the area of the circle is 25(pi) square inches. Answered by Harley Weston. 





Related rates 
19990513 

From Tammy: The sides of a rectangle increase in such a way that dz/dt=1 and dx/dt=3*dy/dt. At the instant when x=4 and y=3, what is the value of dx/dt? (there is a picture of a rectangle with sides x and y, and they are connected by z, which cuts the rectangle in half) Answered by Harley Weston. 





An equilateral triangle on a square 
19990426 

From Ed: My Grade 8 class and I were discussing the solution to the following problem: What is the area of the largest equilateral triangle that can be drawn on a 5 cm square. We used 5 cm as the base of our triangle and then drew the other two legs of 5 cm each to make the equilateral triangle. We then drew an altitude from the upper vertex to the base of the triangle. Using the law of Pythagoras with side a of 2.5 and side c of 5 we calculated side b to be 4.3 cm (the altitude). Therefore the area of the triangle would be 5 x 4.3 divided by 2 or 10.75 square cm. The answer key to this resource says I am wrong. What do you think? Have we interpreted the question incorrectly? Answered by Chris Fisher and Harley Weston. 





A Kite 
19981007 

From Paul Scott: What is the mathematical term for the kite shape? Answered by Walter Whiteley. 





A Tightrope Walker. 
19980219 

From Amy Zitron: A tightrope is stretched 30 feet above the ground between the Jay and the Tee buildings, which are 50 feet apart. A tightrope walker, walking at a constant rate of 2 feet per second from point A to point B, is illuminated by a spotlight 70 feet above point A.... Answered by Harley Weston. 





Area of a triangle. 
19980201 

From Jodi Blucher: Is there a formula for the area of an equilateral triangle knowing the length of the sides? Answered by Chris Fisher and Harley Weston. 





Un triangle équilatéral 
20021027 

From Un eleve: Soit ABC un triangle équilatéral construit dans le sens direct. Le point D est symétrique de A par rapport à la droite (BC), et le point E est symétrique de B par rapport au point C. L'intersection des droites (AD) et (BC)est notée H. On pose AB=a.  Je dois calculer les longueurs AD et AE en fonction de a.
 Je dois montrer que le triangle ADE est équilatéral. J'arrive a prouver qu'il est isocèle en E mais j'aimerai trouver que AD=DE.
Answered by Claude Tardif. 

